Special Issue "Physical Performance and Health Care for a Sustainable Lifestyle"
Deadline for manuscript submissions: 1 May 2021.
Interests: physical activity and health; obesity; cardiorespiratory fitness; football performance; healthy exercise
Interests: sport performance; human motricity; racquet sports; physical activity and health
The lifestyle of our Paleolithic ancestors depended on hunting and gathering 10,000 years ago. Later, after domesticating wild animals and plant species, society shifted into a sedentary state. It is known that the genetics of Homo sapiens have changed little during the last 10,000 years; we are still genetically programmed to be physically active. So, subsequently, is our current genome maladapted to a sedentary lifestyle?
The current understanding of sedentary behavior is that it is not merely the absence of health-enhancing physical activity in everyday life. Sedentary behavior is characterized by a deficiency or absence of whole-body movement; sedentarism is a lifestyle. Physical inactivity, and consequently poor physical fitness, has harmful consequences on health. It is assumed that non-communicable diseases are currently driven by incompatibility between lifestyles and the environments in which people live. Indeed, physical inactivity leads to increased risk of hypertension, obesity, and type 2 diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk, even in children and adolescents.
Moreover, these co-morbid conditions contribute not only to a decreased lifespan, but also to a decreased quality of life. Increasing rates of chronic diseases are not only placing a burden on an individual level, but also on a societal level, resulting in an economic burden that is socially unsustainable. These costs are increasing direct health costs associated with treatment in the healthcare system and indirect social and health costs associated with lost workdays, living with dependency, and premature mortality.
However, changes in habits and lifestyle such as increases in physical activity practices would reduce mortality and morbidity to these and other non-communicable diseases. Mortality is only one aspect of the public health burdens that would be reduced by greater participation in regular physical activity. Evidence suggests how even moderate levels of physical activity or high fitness levels are associated with benefits for the health-related quality of life; for example, research indicates that short bouts of high-intensity activity provide greater protection against chronic health problems when compared to bouts of longer duration low-intensity exercise. Sedentary behavior and physical inactivity are two separate and independent attributes, each with distinct health consequences because the former is different from absolute inactivity than lack of physical activity or moderate-to-vigorous intensity. One’s distinct level of physical fitness, cardiorespiratory aptitude, and physical performance involve different consequences with respect to health, dependence, the need for care, quality of life, and individual and social sustainability.
Dr. Jose Antonio Gonzalez-Jurado
Dr. Francisco Pradas de la Fuente
Manuscript Submission Information
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Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Sustainability is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.
Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1800 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.
- physical fitness
- physical activity
- quality of life