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Article

How to Improve the Functional Capacity of Frail and Pre-Frail Elderly People? Health, Nutritional Status and Exercise Intervention. The EXERNET-Elder 3.0 Project

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GENUD (Growth, Exercise, Nutrition and Development) Research Group, University of Zaragoza, 50009 Zaragoza, Spain
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Faculty of Health and Sport Science, Department of Physiatry and Nursing, University of Zaragoza, 50009 Zaragoza, Spain
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Red española de Investigación en Ejercicio Físico y Salud en Poblaciones Especiales (EXERNET), 50009 Zaragoza, Spain
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Instituto Agroalimentario de Aragón-IA2-(CITA-Universidad de Zaragoza), 50059 Zaragoza, Spain
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Centro Universitario de la Defensa, Zaragoza, 50090 Zaragoza, Spain
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Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Fisiopatología de la Obesidad y Nutrición (CIBERObn), 28029 Madrid, Spain
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Faculty of Health, Department of Physiatry and Nursing, University of Zaragoza, 50009 Zaragoza, Spain
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HEME (Health, Economy, Motricity and Education) Research Group, Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Extremadura, 10003 Caceres, Spain
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GENUD Toledo Research Group, Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha, 45071 Toledo, Spain
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Biomedical Research Networking Center on Frailty and Healthy Aging (CIBERFES), 28029 Madrid, Spain
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ImFine Research Group, Facultad de Ciencias de la Actividad Física y del Deporte-INEF, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, 28040 Madrid, Spain
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(15), 6246; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12156246
Received: 30 June 2020 / Revised: 24 July 2020 / Accepted: 29 July 2020 / Published: 3 August 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Physical Performance and Health Care for a Sustainable Lifestyle)
Aging is associated with the impairment of health and functional capacity, and physical exercise seems to be an effective tool in frailty prevention and treatment. The purpose of this study was to present the methodology used in the EXERNET-Elder 3.0 project that aims to evaluate the immediate and residual effects and of a multicomponent exercise training program called Elder-fit on frailty, fitness, body composition and quality of life, and also to analyse a possible dietary intake interaction according to health and metabolic status. A total of 110 frail and pre-frail elders participated in this study and were divided into a control group (CG = 52) and an intervention group (IG = 58). The IG performed a supervised multicomponent exercise training program of 6 months and 3 days per week, which included strength, endurance, balance, coordination and flexibility exercises, while the CG continued with their usual daily activities. Both groups received four speeches about healthy habits along the project. Four evaluations were performed: at baseline, after 3 months of training, at the end of the training program (6 months) and 4 months after the program had ended to examine the effects of detraining. Evaluating the efficacy, safety and feasibility of this program will help to develop efficacious physical interventions against frailty. Further, protocols should be described accurately to allow exercise programs to be successfully replicated. View Full-Text
Keywords: aging; health; functional capacity; frailty; body composition; exercise; nutrition status; quality of life aging; health; functional capacity; frailty; body composition; exercise; nutrition status; quality of life
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MDPI and ACS Style

Fernández-García, Á.I.; Gómez-Cabello, A.; Moradell, A.; Navarrete-Villanueva, D.; Pérez-Gómez, J.; Ara, I.; Pedrero-Chamizo, R.; Subías-Perié, J.; Muniz-Pardos, B.; Casajús, J.A.; Vicente-Rodríguez, G. How to Improve the Functional Capacity of Frail and Pre-Frail Elderly People? Health, Nutritional Status and Exercise Intervention. The EXERNET-Elder 3.0 Project. Sustainability 2020, 12, 6246. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12156246

AMA Style

Fernández-García ÁI, Gómez-Cabello A, Moradell A, Navarrete-Villanueva D, Pérez-Gómez J, Ara I, Pedrero-Chamizo R, Subías-Perié J, Muniz-Pardos B, Casajús JA, Vicente-Rodríguez G. How to Improve the Functional Capacity of Frail and Pre-Frail Elderly People? Health, Nutritional Status and Exercise Intervention. The EXERNET-Elder 3.0 Project. Sustainability. 2020; 12(15):6246. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12156246

Chicago/Turabian Style

Fernández-García, Ángel I., Alba Gómez-Cabello, Ana Moradell, David Navarrete-Villanueva, Jorge Pérez-Gómez, Ignacio Ara, Raquel Pedrero-Chamizo, Jorge Subías-Perié, Borja Muniz-Pardos, José A. Casajús, and Germán Vicente-Rodríguez. 2020. "How to Improve the Functional Capacity of Frail and Pre-Frail Elderly People? Health, Nutritional Status and Exercise Intervention. The EXERNET-Elder 3.0 Project" Sustainability 12, no. 15: 6246. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12156246

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