Special Issue "Environment-Poverty Nexus and Sustainable Development"

A special issue of Sustainability (ISSN 2071-1050). This special issue belongs to the section "Human Geography and Social Sustainability".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 March 2021.

Special Issue Editor

Guest Editor
Dr. Juha I. Uitto Website E-Mail
Independent Evaluation Office (IEO), Global Environment Facility (GEF), 1818 H Street, NW (N7-700), Washington, DC 20433, USA
Interests: sustainable development; environment–poverty linkages; Agenda 2030; Sustainable Development Goals; human geography; monitoring and evaluation; geospatial analysis; natural resources management; climate change adaptation; resilience

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

This Special Issue will comprise a selection of papers addressing the environment–poverty nexus in the context of sustainable development. The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development explicitly recognizes the interlinkages between the social, economic, and environmental spheres, and the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are all intended to address these dimensions in a comprehensive manner. A complex relationship exists between environment and poverty: poverty may lead to unsustainable use of natural resources and environmental degradation; however, environmental degradation also often affects poor people most. In rural areas, poor people depend on land, water, and biodiversity for their living. In urban centers, rapid growth and unplanned development places the disadvantaged into environmentally hazardous shantytowns. Climate change further exacerbates matters. These factors all have differentiated impacts based on gender, social and economic group, and ethnicity, including indigenous peoples. A better understanding and creative solutions are needed to move towards sustainable development.

Some key research questions are as follows:

  • How is the environment–poverty nexus manifested in general and in specific contexts?
  • How do the interlinkages between environment, climate change, and poverty interact with disaster risk and vulnerability?
  • What approaches can promote transformative change towards sustainability, and what innovative policies, strategies, and approaches can be utilized to reduce poverty and enhance environmental quality?
  • How can we promote successful adaptation and resilience of communities in rural and urban settings in the face of climate change?
  • How can we better measure, monitor, and evaluate policies, strategies, programs, and projects and identify what works, for whom, and in what context?

Dr. Juha I. Uitto
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Sustainability is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1700 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • Sustainable development
  • Sustainable Development Goals
  • Poverty–environment nexus
  • Coupled human–natural systems

Published Papers (2 papers)

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Research

Open AccessArticle
Evaluating Poverty Alleviation by Relocation under the Link Policy: A Case Study from Tongyu County, Jilin Province, China
Sustainability 2019, 11(18), 5061; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11185061 - 16 Sep 2019
Abstract
Land, nature, and the social environment in contiguous poor regions are harsh and difficult to change. The poor adaptive capacities of the socio-ecological systems of these regions are the main causes of deep, persistent poverty. In February 2016, the Chinese government issued a [...] Read more.
Land, nature, and the social environment in contiguous poor regions are harsh and difficult to change. The poor adaptive capacities of the socio-ecological systems of these regions are the main causes of deep, persistent poverty. In February 2016, the Chinese government issued a policy proposing to promote poverty alleviation by relocation (PAR) by means of the “Linking increases in urban construction land with decreases in rural construction land” policy (or simply, the “Link Policy” or LP), which intends to realize the sustainable social and economic development of local villages. Since then, many pilot projects have been carried out across the country based on local resources, environment, and economic development; however, few related studies on these cases have been conducted. After a review of poverty alleviation policies, this paper first introduces the unsustainable conditions of poor rural areas and the implications and advantages of PAR under the Link Policy; we then analyzed the complete PAR process, including formulation, implementation, and completion, by taking Tongyu County in Jilin Province as an example. The study found that the “whole village relocation” model practiced in Tongyu County was relatively successful in terms of improving the living environment, income, and public services of local villagers. On the other hand, there were three main problems: first, many follow-up industries were dominated by the village collectives and heavily dependent on government support or subsidies; second, the newly built village faced the dilemma of “re-hollowing” due to the out-migration of young people and the aging population; third, it was difficult to achieve a true requisition–compensation balance of farmland. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Environment-Poverty Nexus and Sustainable Development)
Open AccessArticle
Modeling the Spatial Formation Mechanism of Poverty-Stricken Counties in China by Using Geographical Detector
Sustainability 2019, 11(17), 4752; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11174752 - 30 Aug 2019
Abstract
The poverty-stricken counties in China follow a spatial pattern of regional poverty. Examining the influential factors of this spatial pattern can provide an important reference that can guide China in its implementation of a poverty alleviation policy. By applying a geographical detector and [...] Read more.
The poverty-stricken counties in China follow a spatial pattern of regional poverty. Examining the influential factors of this spatial pattern can provide an important reference that can guide China in its implementation of a poverty alleviation policy. By applying a geographical detector and using a sample of poverty-stricken counties in China, this study explores the spatial relationship of county distribution with spatial influential factors, including terrain relief, cultivated land quality, water resource abundance, road network density, and the locational index. These poverty-stricken counties are then classified, and the main factors that restrict their economic development are determined. The results highlight that the selected poverty-stricken counties suffer a severe condition in each of the spatial factors mentioned above. Most of these counties are classified under the location index, terrain relief, and road network density constraint types. Each of the aforementioned spatial influential factors has unique controlling mechanisms on the distribution of these poverty-stricken counties. Most of these counties are constrained by two or multiple spatial influential factors, except for some counties located in South and Central China, which are mainly constrained by a single spatial influential factor. Therefore, these single factor-constrained poverty-stricken counties warrant more attention when a developmental policy for poverty alleviation is to be implemented. The various aspects of poverty-stricken counties constrained by multiple factors must be comprehensively considered with a special focus on their development. The differentiated policies must be designed for these poverty-stricken counties on the basis of their spatial influential factors. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Environment-Poverty Nexus and Sustainable Development)
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