Special Issue "Energy Scenario in the Context of Sustainable Development Goals and the Paris Agreement"

A special issue of Sustainability (ISSN 2071-1050). This special issue belongs to the section "Energy Sustainability".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 December 2020.

Special Issue Editors

Dr. GM Shafiullah
Website
Guest Editor
Engineering and Energy, College of Science, Health, Engineering and Education, Murdoch University, Western Australia
Interests: Sustainability in Energy, Future electricity networks, Renewable energy and its enabling technologies, energy efficiency and demand management, Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)
Dr. Anis Zaman
Website
Guest Editor
Engineering and Energy, College of Science, Health, Engineering and Education, Murdoch University, Western Australia
Interests: energy transition; Sustainable Development Goal 7 (SDG7); Paris Agreement; nationally determined contributions (NDCs); renewable energy and energy efficiency

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Energy is a key enabler in achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), as energy plays the prime role in ending poverty and hunger, providing healthcare, education, and water and increases productivity, transforms economies and societies and improves human life, and eventually it enables all types of development in a country as well as globally. Goal 7 of SDGs is dedicated to energy with three distinct, but interlinked, targets: (a) universal access to affordable, reliable and modern energy services, (b) increasing substantially the share of renewable energy in the global energy mix and (c) doubling the global rate of improvement in energy efficiency.

Therefore, the successful achievement of SDG7 is critical to achieving all other SDGs. Further, the energy sector is responsible for two-thirds of global emissions. As such, SDG7 cannot be achieved in isolation; rather the energy sector needs to be transformed in a way that helps to achieve the emission reduction commitments under the Paris Agreement, as communicated by countries through nationally determined contributions (NDCs). Achievement of SDG7 targets thus requires an integrated system approach by considering the synergies between its constituent elements—increasing access to modern energy services, improving energy efficiency, reducing emissions from the energy sector and increasing the share of renewable energy. Constraints, such as resources availability and the emission reduction targets under, need to be considered. Additionally, the interlinkages between energy (i.e., SDG7) and the other SDGs will impact on the energy demand as well as choice of energy resources.

Therefore, the aim of this Special Issue is to attract researches and practitioners on energy and SDGs, including national and global policies and initiatives to achieve the targets of SDG7 in order to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals. This Special Issue will accept original/review research that addresses the following topics:

  1. Framework to achieve SDG7 targets and emission reduction under the Paris agreement;
  2. Energy systems, design, modelling and optimization to achieve SDG7 targets ;
  3. Linkage of energy with the other SDGs;
  4. Sustainable Energy for All;
  5. Framework to understand the energy needs of adaptation;
  6. Increase renewable energy share into the energy mix: Technical aspects;
  7. Increase renewable energy share into the energy mix: Economic aspects;
  8. Energy efficiency and Energy management;
  9. Smart Grid for future electricity networks;
  10. Energy pricing/energy market/energy policy.

Dr. GM Shafiullah
Dr. Anis Zaman
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Sustainability is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1800 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)
  • Paris Agreement
  • Renewable energy and its enabling technologies
  • Renewable energy integration with the energy mix
  • Energy efficiency
  • Future electricity networks
  • 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development
  • Energy policy and planning.

Published Papers (5 papers)

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Research

Open AccessArticle
Hybrid Renewable Energy Microgrid for a Residential Community: A Techno-Economic and Environmental Perspective in the Context of the SDG7
Sustainability 2020, 12(10), 3944; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12103944 - 12 May 2020
Cited by 1
Abstract
Energy, being a prime enabler in achieving sustainable development goals (SDGs), should be affordable, reliable, sustainable, and modern. One of the SDGs (i.e., SDG7) suggests that it is necessary to ensure energy access for all. In developing countries like India, the progress toward [...] Read more.
Energy, being a prime enabler in achieving sustainable development goals (SDGs), should be affordable, reliable, sustainable, and modern. One of the SDGs (i.e., SDG7) suggests that it is necessary to ensure energy access for all. In developing countries like India, the progress toward SDG7 has somewhat stagnated. The aging conventional electric power system has its dominant share of energy from fossil fuels, plagued with frequent power outages, and leaves many un-electrified areas. These are not characteristics of a sustainable and modern system in the context of the SDG7. Promoting renewable-based energy systems, especially in the context of microgrids (MGs), is one of the promising advances needed to rejuvenate the progress toward the SDG7. In this context, a hybrid renewable energy microgrid (HREM) is proposed that gives assurance for energy access to all in an affordable, reliable, and sustainable way through modern energy systems. In this paper, a techno-economic and environmental modeling of the grid-independent HREM and its optimization for a remote community in South India are presented. A case of HREM with a proposed configuration of photovoltaic/wind turbine/diesel generator/battery energy storage system (PV/WT/DG/BESS) was modeled to meet the community residential electric load requirements. This investigation dealt with the optimum sizes of the different components used in the HREM. The results of this model presented numerous feasible solutions. Sensitivity analysis was conducted to identify the best solution from the four optimized results. From the results, it was established that a PV + DG + BESS based HREM was the most cost-effective configuration for the specific location. In addition, the obtained optimum solutions were mapped with the key criteria of the SDG7. This mapping also suggested that the PV + DG + BESS configuration falls within the context of the SDG7. Overall, it is understood that the proposed HREM would provide energy access to households that is affordable, reliable, sustainable, and modern. Full article
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Open AccessArticle
Stand-Alone Microgrid with 100% Renewable Energy: A Case Study with Hybrid Solar PV-Battery-Hydrogen
Sustainability 2020, 12(5), 2047; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12052047 - 06 Mar 2020
Cited by 4
Abstract
A 100% renewable energy-based stand-alone microgrid system can be developed by robust energy storage systems to stabilize the variable and intermittent renewable energy resources. Hydrogen as an energy carrier and energy storage medium has gained enormous interest globally in recent years. Its use [...] Read more.
A 100% renewable energy-based stand-alone microgrid system can be developed by robust energy storage systems to stabilize the variable and intermittent renewable energy resources. Hydrogen as an energy carrier and energy storage medium has gained enormous interest globally in recent years. Its use in stand-alone or off-grid microgrids for both the urban and rural communities has commenced recently in some locations. Therefore, this research evaluates the techno-economic feasibility of renewable energy-based systems using hydrogen as energy storage for a stand-alone/off-grid microgrid. Three case scenarios in a microgrid environment were identified and investigated in order to select an optimum solution for a remote community by considering the energy balance and techno-economic optimization. The “HOMER Pro” energy modelling and simulating software was used to compare the energy balance, economics and environmental impact amongst the proposed scenarios. The simulation results showed that the hydrogen-battery hybrid energy storage system is the most cost-effective scenario, though all developed scenarios are technically possible and economically comparable in the long run, while each has different merits and challenges. It has been shown that the proposed hybrid energy systems have significant potentialities in electrifying remote communities with low energy generation costs, as well as a contribution to the reduction of their carbon footprint and to ameliorating the energy crisis to achieve a sustainable future. Full article
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Open AccessArticle
Measures to Promote Renewable Energy for Electricity Generation in Algeria
Sustainability 2020, 12(4), 1468; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12041468 - 16 Feb 2020
Abstract
Algeria has enormous renewable energy potential. However, fossil fuels remain the main electricity generation source, and the country is the third largest CO2 emitter in Africa. Algeria is also particularly vulnerable to climate change. Therefore, a set of actions related to energy, [...] Read more.
Algeria has enormous renewable energy potential. However, fossil fuels remain the main electricity generation source, and the country is the third largest CO2 emitter in Africa. Algeria is also particularly vulnerable to climate change. Therefore, a set of actions related to energy, forests, industry and waste sectors have been programmed, over the period 2015–2030, and the government action program has given priority to promote renewable energy. In this sense, Algeria is committed to significantly promote investment in renewable energy, during the period 2020–2030. Thus by 2030, renewable electricity production capacity will achieve 22,000 MW, representing 27% of total electricity generation. This paper analyzes the electricity generation measures implemented in Algeria to reach the required energy mix, the legislative framework, financial aid, the feed-in tariff system, the tax incentives, and the tender and auctions undertaken. The analyses reveal that, although the electricity price premium policy has not been revoked, the newly enacted tender scheme is designed to become the standard procedure for launching renewable energy projects in Algeria in the coming years. Full article
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Open AccessArticle
Environmental Assessment of Energy Scenarios for a Low-Carbon Electrical Network in Chile
Sustainability 2019, 11(18), 5066; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11185066 - 17 Sep 2019
Abstract
Nowadays, establishing clean energy sources is an undeniable need for all territories to reconcile energy and competitiveness objectives with those of security and sustainability. This article shows the main advantages of implementing clean energy sources in the long-term Chilean electrical network. The clean [...] Read more.
Nowadays, establishing clean energy sources is an undeniable need for all territories to reconcile energy and competitiveness objectives with those of security and sustainability. This article shows the main advantages of implementing clean energy sources in the long-term Chilean electrical network. The clean energy considered in this work is based on Renewable Energy (Conventional and Non-Conventional) with the backup of gas or nuclear. Thus, four scenarios are proposed and were simulated for the year 2050, the year assumed for the decommissioning of all coal plants in the country. These scenarios contemplate a high or low penetration of Renewable Energy. Additionally, a reference and realistic scenario for the year 2018 has also been considered to compare to the clean scenarios proposed. The results obtained coincide with the goals of reducing environmental impacts such as global warming emissions and fossil fuel dependence. However, the backup that was chosen for supporting the intermittence of renewable energy may have an important role in the main system considering the expected growth of energy demands in the near future. Full article
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Open AccessArticle
Threshold Electricity Consumption Enables Multiple Sustainable Development Goals
Sustainability 2019, 11(18), 5047; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11185047 - 16 Sep 2019
Cited by 1
Abstract
Access to sufficient amounts of energy is a prerequisite for the development of human well-being. The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) recognize the interconnectedness of climate change, energy access and development. However, not all SDG targets are quantified, leaving room for ambiguity in fulfilling, [...] Read more.
Access to sufficient amounts of energy is a prerequisite for the development of human well-being. The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) recognize the interconnectedness of climate change, energy access and development. However, not all SDG targets are quantified, leaving room for ambiguity in fulfilling, for example, the goal of ensuring access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all (SDG7). We show how specific sustainable development targets for health indicators are strongly correlated with electricity consumption levels in the poorest of countries. Clear thresholds in per capita electricity consumption of a few hundred kWh per year are identified by analyzing SDG indicator data as a function of per capita country electricity consumption. Those thresholds are strongly correlated with meeting of SDG 3 targets-below the identified thresholds, countries do not meet the SDG targets, while above the threshold there is a clear relationship between increasing consumption of electricity and improvement of SDG indicators. Electricity consumption of 400 kWh per capita is significantly higher than projections made by international agencies for future energy access, but only 5%–10% that of OECD countries. At the very least, the presence of thresholds and historical data patterns requires an understanding of how SDG targets would be met in the absence of this threshold level of electricity access. Full article
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