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Electrification of Urban Transports and the Environment

A special issue of Sustainability (ISSN 2071-1050). This special issue belongs to the section "Sustainable Transportation".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 December 2022) | Viewed by 9881

Special Issue Editor


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Guest Editor
Institute for Legal Research (ILeR), Faculty of Law, University of Coimbra, 3000-018 Coimbra, Portugal
Interests: data analysis; energy economics; environmental economics; econometric experimental economics; macroeconomics
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Climate change is endangering the lives of millions of people and threatening many aspects of the human economy. The urban transport sector is already responsible for about a quarter of global energy-related carbon emissions. Without aggressive and sustained policies, carbon dioxide emissions could double by 2050. Therefore, there is a need to change the energy consumption paradigm and accelerate the worldwide energy transition process. One of the ways to achieve this process is through electrification of the urban transport sector. The electrification of this sector can help to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. To a greater or lesser extent, these gases are harmful to the environment as they trap heat in the atmosphere, causing global warming.  Therefore, the adoption of purely battery electric vehicles (BEVs), plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs), light rail train (LRT), low-speed Maglev (LSM), personal rapid transit (PRT), high-speed Maglev (HSM), and evacuated tube transport (ETT) and others electric urban transports become a crucial part of the solution to mitigate climate change.

For this reason, several governments have been supporting the adoption of these kinds of urban transports in big cities. As a result, the electrification of the urban transport sector has increased rapidly in the last few years. Thus, it is valuable to understand the impact of the electrification process of urban transport on the environment. Consequently, this Special Issue will primarily focus on identifying and analyzing the effects of the urban transport electrification process on the environment.

This Special Issue looks for contributions to achieve that objective. The topics include:

  • Urban transport electrification and energy consumption;
  • Electric vehicles and smart grids;
  • Passenger transport systems performance and environment;
  • New transport systems concepts and future perspectives;
  • Fine particulate matter (PM5), CO2 emissions, and GHGs;
  • Electric vehicles and the environment.

Dr. Matheus Koengkan
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Sustainability is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2400 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • urban transport
  • electric vehicles
  • CO2 emissions
  • PM2.5 emissions
  • energy consumption
  • environmental degradation

Published Papers (2 papers)

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Research

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22 pages, 3523 KiB  
Article
Effect of Battery-Electric and Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles on PM2.5 Emissions in 29 European Countries
by Emad Kazemzadeh, Matheus Koengkan and José Alberto Fuinhas
Sustainability 2022, 14(4), 2188; https://doi.org/10.3390/su14042188 - 15 Feb 2022
Cited by 28 | Viewed by 3445
Abstract
The contribution of battery electric vehicles (BEVs) and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) to mitigating/reducing fine particulate matter (PM2.5) emissions was researched through a panel of 29 European countries from 2010 to 2019, using the econometric technique of method of moments quantile regression [...] Read more.
The contribution of battery electric vehicles (BEVs) and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) to mitigating/reducing fine particulate matter (PM2.5) emissions was researched through a panel of 29 European countries from 2010 to 2019, using the econometric technique of method of moments quantile regression (MM-QR). This research is innovative by connecting the increasing use of electric vehicles with PM2.5 emissions and using the MM-QR to explore this relationship. Two models were estimated to analyse their contribution to reducing PM2.5 in European countries. The nonlinearity of the models were confirmed. The statistical significance of the variables is strong for the upper quantiles (75th and 90th), resulting from the effectiveness of European policies to improve the environment. Electric vehicles (BEVs and PHEVs), economic growth, and urbanisation reduce the PM2.5 problem, but energy intensity and fossil fuel consumption aggravate it. This research sheds light on how policymakers and governments can design proposals to encourage electric vehicle use in European countries. To achieve the long-term climate neutral strategy by 2050, it is imperative to implement effective policies to reduce the consumption of fossil fuels and promote the adoption of electric vehicles using renewable energy sources. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Electrification of Urban Transports and the Environment)
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Review

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23 pages, 1126 KiB  
Review
New Paradigm of Sustainable Urban Mobility: Electric and Autonomous Vehicles—A Review and Bibliometric Analysis
by Matija Kovačić, Maja Mutavdžija and Krešimir Buntak
Sustainability 2022, 14(15), 9525; https://doi.org/10.3390/su14159525 - 3 Aug 2022
Cited by 21 | Viewed by 5882
Abstract
The growing relevance of sustainability, as well as the necessity to replace traditional forms of transportation with sustainable ones, has made sustainable urban mobility an imperative. In order to respond to the ever-increasing need to develop sustainable modes of transport, the importance of [...] Read more.
The growing relevance of sustainability, as well as the necessity to replace traditional forms of transportation with sustainable ones, has made sustainable urban mobility an imperative. In order to respond to the ever-increasing need to develop sustainable modes of transport, the importance of electric, autonomous, and electric autonomous vehicles is increasingly emphasized. In addition, as trends of growth and development in electric autonomous vehicle technology are increasing, one of the questions that has appeared is whether autonomous electric vehicles represent one of the mechanisms that will be used to increase the sustainability of urban mobility. With this in mind, the results of a systematic analysis of existing research in the WOS and Scopus databases using the keywords “urban mobility”, “electric vehicles”, and “autonomous vehicles” was carried out to identify research trends in the use of autonomous electric vehicles in urban areas. The research showed that authors focus on the advantages and disadvantages of autonomous electric vehicles and their usage in the urban mobility system, but an insufficient number of authors consider and define the need to plan the transition towards incorporating autonomous electric vehicles into the urban system. The results of this research also indicate an insufficient number of papers that research and describe the application of autonomous electric vehicles in distribution logistics. This paper provides an overview of existing research related to autonomous electric vehicles and the challenges of transition in the context of infrastructure and the development of a culture of sustainability among urban residents. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Electrification of Urban Transports and the Environment)
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