Special Issue "Sustainability of Carbon Capture and Utilisation"

A special issue of Sustainability (ISSN 2071-1050). This special issue belongs to the section "Sustainable Chemical Engineering and Technology".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 January 2021.

Special Issue Editors

Dr. Carolina Font-Palma
Website
Guest Editor
University Of Chester, Pool Lane, Chester CH2 4NU, UK
Interests: low carbon technologies; carbon capture; CO2 separation methods; process systems engineering
Dr. Abigail González-Díaz

Guest Editor
Instituto Nacional de Electricidad y Energías Limpias
Interests: low carbon technologies; carbon capture; CO2 separation methods; process systems engineering
Special Issues and Collections in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

The ambitious target of net zero-carbon emissions by 2050, agreed by European and other countries, has now made carbon capture, utilisation and storage (CCUS) a necessity. There are mature technologies for carbon capture that have already been used for cleaning natural gas or in hydrogen production. However, mature technologies face a range of technical, environmental and economic challenges. This shortcoming is promoting research on new methods and novel technologies to capture and utilise carbon dioxide needed to overcome some of these challenges and tackle the climate change crisis. Therefore, this Special Issue of Sustainability calls for articles on emerging technologies including membranes, calcium looping, catalysed sorbents, algae-based capture, direct air capture, liquefaction and cryogenic separation, and seeks to consolidate the alternative options which face different technological challenges and are at different and/or lower technology readiness levels (TRL). Original and review articles covering the suggested areas are invited for consideration and peer-review for this Special Issue. 

  • Mature and novel carbon capture technologies
  • ‘Blue’ hydrogen and CCS
  • Advances on CO2 utilisation
  • Technology assessment: economic, environmental, social
  • Education and training on sustainable carbon capture

Dr. Carolina Font-Palma
Dr. Abigail González Díaz
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Sustainability is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1800 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • carbon capture
  • CO2 separation
  • hydrogen
  • techno-economic analysis (TEA)
  • process modelling and simulation
  • life cycle assessment (LCA)

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Research

Open AccessArticle
Energy Minimization in Piperazine Promoted MDEA-Based CO2 Capture Process
Sustainability 2020, 12(20), 8524; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12208524 - 15 Oct 2020
Cited by 1
Abstract
A piperazine (PZ)-promoted methyldiethanolamine (MDEA) solution for a carbon dioxide (CO2) removal process from the flue gas of a large-scale coal power plant has been simulated. An Aspen Plus® was used to perform the simulation process. Initially, the effects of [...] Read more.
A piperazine (PZ)-promoted methyldiethanolamine (MDEA) solution for a carbon dioxide (CO2) removal process from the flue gas of a large-scale coal power plant has been simulated. An Aspen Plus® was used to perform the simulation process. Initially, the effects of MDEA/PZ concentration ratio and stripper pressure on the regeneration energy of CO2 capture process were investigated. The MDEA/PZ concentration ratio of 35/15 wt.% (35 wt. MDEA and 15 wt.% PZ) was selected as an appropriate concentration. The reboiler duty of 3.235 MJ/kg CO2 was obtained at 35/15 wt.% concentration ratio of MDEA/PZ. It was considered a reference or base case, and process modifications including rich vapor compression (RVC) process, cold solvent split (CSS), and the combination of both processes were investigated to check its effect on the energy requirement. A total equivalent work of 0.7 MJe/kg CO2 in the RVC and a reboiler duty of 2.78 MJ/kg CO2 was achieved in the CSS process. Similarly, the total equivalent work, reboiler duty, and condenser duty of 0.627 MJe/kg CO2, 2.44 MJ/kg CO2, and 0.33 MJ/kg CO2, respectively, were obtained in the combined process. The reboiler duty and the total equivalent work were reduced by about 24.6 and 16.2%, respectively, as compared to the reference case. The total energy cost saving was 1.79 M$/yr. Considering the additional equipment cost in the combined process, the total cost saving was 0.67 M$ per year. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainability of Carbon Capture and Utilisation)
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