Special Issue "Remote Sensing of Water Cycle Essential Climate Variables and Their Applications"
A special issue of Remote Sensing (ISSN 2072-4292). This special issue belongs to the section "Remote Sensing in Geology, Geomorphology and Hydrology".
Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 March 2021).
Interests: remote sensing of precipitation from satellite; climatology of precipitation
Interests: Remote sensing of precipitation and cloud; high latitude and mountainous rain and snow retrievals and analysis; weather and climatic extremes (drought, flood, fire, tropical storms) and societal interactions global water and energy budget analysis; hydrologic/watershed modeling and optimization; developing high resolution precipitation products; representation of precipitation in climate models; evaluation of precipitation products using ground validation data
Interests: Hydrology and land degradation; physics and modelling of hydrology; wind erosion and water erosion; remote sensing application to landscape studies
Fifty-four Essential Climate Variables (ECV) are currently identified by the Global Climate Observing System (GCOS) (https://gcos.wmo.int/en/essential-climate-variables). They represent key variables for long-term monitoring of the state of the global climate system in support of the activities of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). Recently, many initiatives have promoted the generation and collection of ECV Climate Data Records (CDR) as a time series of measurements of sufficient length, consistency, and continuity to determine climate variability and change (NRC, 2004). Among them, it is worth mentioning the European Space Agency—Climate Change Initiative (ESA-CCI; Hollmann et al, 2013), the Copernicus Climate Change Services (C3S), and the NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI).
Water cycle studies are greatly benefiting from the ECV and CDR concepts, as many fundamental variables from the atmospheric, terrestrial, and oceanic water cycle components are included in the ECV list and regularly monitored through the generation of CDRs. The water cycle is the most important chain of processes supporting life on our planet and controlling weather and climate. Nevertheless, it is still poorly understood. Evaporation, evapotranspiration, sublimation, water vapor transport, condensation, precipitation, runoff, infiltration and percolation, groundwater flow, and plant uptake are essential pieces of the mosaic and require remote sensing observations with a global perspective for a correct closure of the cycle (Levizzani and Cattani, 2019). Moreover, the modification of the Earth’s water cycle in a frame of climate change is a prominent issue that requires the attention of the scientific community. The answers should point not only to increasing the knowledge of Earth’s climate system, but also to influencing environmental policies and decision making. The increasing availability of CDRs provides precious information for multiple application fields, such as water resource management, agriculture and food security, public health, and energy production.
The focus of this Remote Sensing of the Water Cycle Special Issue is thus on remote sensing-related ECV CDRs of all water cycle components and their applications. Submitted manuscripts will preferably report scientific advances in the following topics, but other topics related to the scope of the SI will also be considered:
- New water cycle CDRs: development and generation procedures;
- Validation, capability assessment, and intercomparisons of water cycle CDRs;
- CDR exploitation in long-term analyses: regional climatology, variability and trends, extreme event projections;
- Droughts and floods: climatology and climatic driver identification;
- Capability of CDRs to capture extremes;
- Water cycle CDR exploitation in climate services for societal benefits;
- Exploratory studies of the connections among the water cycle, agriculture and food, public health, and energy.
Hollman, R. et al. The ESA Climate Change Initiative. Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc. 2013, 94, 1541, doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-11-00254.1
Levizzani, V.; Cattani, E. Satellite Remote Sensing of Precipitation and the Terrestrial Water Cycle in a Changing Climate. Remote Sens. 2019, 11, 2301, doi:10.3390/rs11192301.
US National Research Council (NRC), 2004. Climate Data Records from Environmental Satellites: Interim Report (2004). Washington, DC: Committee on Climate Data Records from NOAA Operational Satellites/National Research Council/National Academies Press. 150 p.
Dr. Elsa Cattani
Prof. Ali Behrangi
Dr. Geert Sterk
Manuscript Submission Information
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- water cycle
- essential climate variables
- climate data record
- remote sensing
- climate variability
- societal applications