Microwave Applications in Chemistry and Industry

A special issue of Processes (ISSN 2227-9717). This special issue belongs to the section "Chemical Processes and Systems".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 28 June 2024 | Viewed by 628

Special Issue Editors

Prof. Dr. Junwu Tao
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
LAPLACE Laboratory, Toulouse INP-ENSEEIHT, University of Toulouse, 31071 Toulouse, France
Interests: microwave device design; microwave power application; computational electromagnetic and multi-physics
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals
College of Electronics and Information Engineering, Sichuan University, Wangjiang Road 29, Chengdu, China
Interests: microwave plasma device design and its applications; microwave power application
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals
Prof. Dr. Kama Huang
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
College of Electronics and Information Engineering, Sichuan University, Wangjiang Road 29, Chengdu, China
Interests: fundamental microwave theory; novel microwave applications
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Microwave heating exploits the interaction between electromagnetic waves and materials to convert microwave energy into heat. This has resulted in the widespread use of microwave energy in industrial, scientific and medical sectors. The advantages of microwave heating compared to conventional heating are numerous; its efficiency thanks to selective heating leads to a shortened heating time, it has easily controllable temperature rise dynamics, etc. In many applications, the use of microwaves appears environmentally friendly; for example, it leads to a possible reduction in solvents and in the quantity of wastewater in microwave-assisted chemistry. Microwaves are expected to become increasingly popular, with the development of new microwave technologies solving many problems in the future, particularly in energy-intensive industrial sectors, to replace conventional heating.

The industrialization of microwave heating depends heavily on the control of two main weak points of this technology, namely the presence of hot spots, and the risk of thermal runaway. Solving these problems creates the need for (i) a better understanding of the mechanisms of interaction between electromagnetic waves and the media under treatment; (ii) the development and manufacture of dedicated equipment; (iii) the study of the electromagnetic properties of new materials. The popularization of multi-physics simulation tools, progress in the development of microwave and radio frequency equipments, and the appearance of new materials all contribute to innovative solutions for microwave power applications at both the laboratory scale and industry scale.

This Special Issue, titled “Microwave Applications in Chemistry and Industry”, aims to shows the most recent advances in the following areas:

  • Microwave and RF applications in chemistry;
  • Microwave and RF applications in materials processing;
  • Microwave and RF applications in food science and engineering;
  • Microwave and RF applications in biomass and waste processing;
  • Microwave and RF applications in medicine and biology;
  • Microwave-driven plasma and applications;
  • Microwave RF device design and optimization;
  • Dielectric and magnetic properties measurement and modeling;
  • Scaling up for microwave industrial applications.

Prof. Dr. Junwu Tao
Dr. Li Wu
Prof. Dr. Kama Huang
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Processes is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2400 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • microwave power
  • microwave processing of chemical reactions
  • microwave processing of materials
  • microwave-driven plasma
  • biomass and waste processing
  • device design and optimization
  • scaling up for microwave industrial applications

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Research

20 pages, 3763 KiB  
Article
Microwave Drying of Sewage Sludge: Process Performance and Energy Consumption
Processes 2024, 12(3), 432; https://doi.org/10.3390/pr12030432 - 20 Feb 2024
Viewed by 352
Abstract
The microwave drying of sewage sludge is characterized by its speed and safety. A novel method for identifying free and bound water is proposed in this study. Experiments were performed to investigate the process performance and energy consumption in a microwave drying unit. [...] Read more.
The microwave drying of sewage sludge is characterized by its speed and safety. A novel method for identifying free and bound water is proposed in this study. Experiments were performed to investigate the process performance and energy consumption in a microwave drying unit. The results indicate that the microwave drying process can be described in three stages, i.e., the preheating stage, constant-rate stage, and decreasing-rate stage. The preheating and constant-rate stages mainly remove free water, while the decreasing-rate stage mainly removes bound water. The Linear model effectively describes the kinetic processes in the constant-rate stage, and the modified Page I model is suitable for describing the decreasing-rate stage. The energy conversion process in microwave drying is explored, revealing that heat efficiency and energy consumption are consistent with microwave power changes. The heat efficiency in the constant-rate drying stage ranges from 60.33% to 71.01%, lower than that in the preheating stage but higher than that in the decreasing-rate stage. Energy consumption in the constant-rate stage ranges from 3.84 kJ/g to 8.20 kJ/g, significantly lower than in the other two stages. These results provide fundamental data for the industrial application of microwave drying of sludge and contribute to the advancement of microwave drying technology. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Microwave Applications in Chemistry and Industry)
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