Special Issue "Travel Medicine - Series Ⅰ"

A special issue of Pharmacy (ISSN 2226-4787).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (21 March 2019)

Printed Edition Available!
A printed edition of this Special Issue is available here.

Special Issue Editor

Guest Editor
Prof. Larry Goodyer

School of Pharmacy, De Montfort University, The Gateway, Leicester, LE1 9BH, UK
Website | E-Mail

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Travel medicine is a relatively new discipline and the founding of the International Society of Travel Medicine (www.istm.org) occurred in the early 1990s. Pharmacist have, in recent years, become increasingly involved in delivering travel medicine services in the community sector. This has evolved in a number of countries where community pharmacists are now providing a travel vaccination service and are running travel clinics to prepare travellers prior to departure. Pharmacists have also become involved in other aspects of travel medicine, such as providing specialist medical kits for travel and expeditions, and in the management of a variety of infectious diseases encountered by travellers.

In this Special Issue of Pharmacy we are seeking, in particular, reviews and case studies that describe the involvement of pharmacists in providing travel medicine services, which might relate to a particular country or region. As such, activities that are linked to general vaccination services provided through pharmacies are of interest. Authors are also invited to submit articles or original research that might relate to medicines or other health-related products used in travel medicine.

The principle aim of this Special Issue is to share good practices amongst pharmacists providing travel medicine services. We hope that this will encourage further involvement of the profession in this growing speciality

Prof. Larry Goodyer
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Pharmacy is an international peer-reviewed open access quarterly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 550 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • Travel Medicine
  • Pharmacy
  • Community
  • Travel
  • Practice
  • Vaccination

Published Papers (8 papers)

View options order results:
result details:
Displaying articles 1-8
Export citation of selected articles as:

Editorial

Jump to: Research, Review

Open AccessEditorial
Pharmacy and Travel Medicine: A Global Movement
Received: 15 April 2019 / Accepted: 17 April 2019 / Published: 24 April 2019
PDF Full-text (128 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
This is the first special edition of a journal that has focused specifically on Pharmacy Practice and travel medicine [...] Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Travel Medicine - Series Ⅰ) Printed Edition available

Research

Jump to: Editorial, Review

Open AccessArticle
Pharmacy Travel Health Services in Canada: Experience of Early Adopters
Received: 15 April 2019 / Revised: 23 April 2019 / Accepted: 23 April 2019 / Published: 27 April 2019
PDF Full-text (189 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
Since 2007, community pharmacists in Canada have become increasingly involved in delivering Travel Health services, including the recommendation and administration of vaccines. This qualitative scoping survey examines some of the activities and opinions of those early pharmacist adopters delivering these services. A Survey [...] Read more.
Since 2007, community pharmacists in Canada have become increasingly involved in delivering Travel Health services, including the recommendation and administration of vaccines. This qualitative scoping survey examines some of the activities and opinions of those early pharmacist adopters delivering these services. A Survey Monkey free text questionnaire was emailed to pharmacists who were involved in delivering travel medicine services. 21 pharmacists responding represented seven Canadian provinces. Only 5 pharmacists estimated that they were seeing five or more patients a week on average. Amongst the challenges they faced the most quoted was lack of time when running a busy pharmacy (62%) a lack of prescribing authority, (52%), and lack of access to public health vaccines (52%). ‘Word of mouth’ was widely quoted as a means of developing the service, indicating a good patient satisfaction. Also expressed were the advantages of convenience in terms of being a ‘one stop shop’, ease of billing to insurance companies and convenient appointment times. There are a number of challenges which are still to be faced which may be resolved by further legislation allowing access to public health vaccines and more widespread prescribing rights. The relatively low level of consultations reported by some is of concern if those pharmacists are to maintain competence. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Travel Medicine - Series Ⅰ) Printed Edition available
Open AccessArticle
Australian Pharmacists’ Perceptions and Practices in Travel Health
Received: 9 August 2018 / Revised: 14 August 2018 / Accepted: 20 August 2018 / Published: 22 August 2018
PDF Full-text (773 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
Worldwide, pharmacists are playing an increasing role in travel health, although legislation and funding can dictate the nature of this role, which varies from country to country. The aim of this study was to explore the current and potential future practices in travel [...] Read more.
Worldwide, pharmacists are playing an increasing role in travel health, although legislation and funding can dictate the nature of this role, which varies from country to country. The aim of this study was to explore the current and potential future practices in travel health for pharmacists in Australia, as well as the perceived barriers, including training needs, for the provision of services. A survey was developed and participation was sought from a representative sample of Australian pharmacists, with descriptive statistics calculated to summarise the frequency of responses. A total of 255 participants, predominantly female (69%), below 50 years (75%) and registered less than 30 years completed the survey. Although over two-thirds (68%) provided travel-related advice in their current practice, the frequency of advice provision was low (less than 2 travellers per week) and limited to responding to travellers questions. Although Australian pharmacists are currently unable to administer travel vaccines and prescription only medications without prescription, they still consider travel health to be an appropriate role and that their clients would seek travel health advice from pharmacies if offered. Currently, key roles for Australian pharmacists are advising travellers who do not seek advice from other practitioners, reinforcing the advice of other health practitioners and referring travellers needing vaccinations and antimalarials. In order to expand these services, the barriers of workload, time, staffing and the need for training in travel health need to be addressed. In summary, the travel health services provided by pharmacies in Australia still have a way to go before they match the services offered by pharmacies in some other countries, however Australian pharmacist are keen to further develop their role in this area. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Travel Medicine - Series Ⅰ) Printed Edition available
Figures

Figure 1

Review

Jump to: Editorial, Research

Open AccessReview
Pharmacy-Based Travel Health Services in the United States
Received: 30 October 2018 / Revised: 9 December 2018 / Accepted: 17 December 2018 / Published: 27 December 2018
PDF Full-text (1255 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
The aim of this paper is to review pharmacy laws and regulations, pharmacist training, clinic considerations, and patient care outcomes regarding pharmacy-based travel health services in the United States. Pharmacists and pharmacies in the United States are highly visible and accessible to the [...] Read more.
The aim of this paper is to review pharmacy laws and regulations, pharmacist training, clinic considerations, and patient care outcomes regarding pharmacy-based travel health services in the United States. Pharmacists and pharmacies in the United States are highly visible and accessible to the public, and have long been regarded as a source for immunization services. As international travel continues to increase and grow in popularity in this country, there is a pressing need for expanded access to preventative health services, including routine and travel vaccinations, as well as medications for prophylaxis or self-treatment of conditions that may be acquired overseas. In the United States, the scope of pharmacy practice continues to expand and incorporate these preventable health services to varying degrees on a state-by-state level. A literature review was undertaken to identify published articles on pharmacist- or pharmacy-based travel health services or care in the United States. The results of this paper show that pharmacists can help to increase access to and awareness of the need for these services to ensure that patients remain healthy while traveling abroad, and that they do not acquire a travel-related disease while on their trip. For those pharmacists interested in starting a travel health service, considerations should be made to ensure that they have the necessary training, education, and skill set in order to provide this specialty level of care, and that their practice setting is optimally designed to facilitate the service. While there is little published work available on pharmacy or pharmacist-provided travel health services in the United States, outcomes from published studies are positive, which further supports the role of the pharmacist in this setting. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Travel Medicine - Series Ⅰ) Printed Edition available
Open AccessReview
Multidisciplinary Collaboration between a Community Pharmacy and a Travel Clinic in a Swiss University Primary Care and Public Health Centre
Pharmacy 2018, 6(4), 126; https://doi.org/10.3390/pharmacy6040126
Received: 7 November 2018 / Revised: 29 November 2018 / Accepted: 30 November 2018 / Published: 5 December 2018
PDF Full-text (203 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
This review is a narrative description of a collaboration between a travel clinic and a community pharmacy centre within a university primary care and public health centre (Lausanne/Switzerland). Pharmacists and pharmacy technicians participate in this collaboration to provide (1). counselling and clinical activities [...] Read more.
This review is a narrative description of a collaboration between a travel clinic and a community pharmacy centre within a university primary care and public health centre (Lausanne/Switzerland). Pharmacists and pharmacy technicians participate in this collaboration to provide (1). counselling and clinical activities with travellers (e.g., pre-travel consultations and advice to travellers), (2). clinical pharmacy expertise and medicine information services (e.g., selection of an appropriate antimalarial medication for a traveller to manage of drug-drug interactions), (3). technical and logistical activities related to medicines and vaccines (e.g., management of vaccine shortages and specially imported medicines and vaccines from foreign countries) and (4). educational activities (e.g., undergraduate pharmacy teaching and continuous education to community pharmacists). Such a multidisciplinary collaboration should be encouraged as it enables us to address the evolution and challenges of travel medicine related to medication, such as growing vaccine shortages and an increasing number of chronic patients who travel. This review may be used as a model for the dissemination of such collaborative practices, to develop future advanced teaching and training activities, to provide a framework for research related to travel and medicines and to participate in the evaluation of vaccination practices by community pharmacists. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Travel Medicine - Series Ⅰ) Printed Edition available
Open AccessReview
The Role of Community Pharmacists in Travel Health and Vaccination in Switzerland
Pharmacy 2018, 6(4), 125; https://doi.org/10.3390/pharmacy6040125
Received: 7 November 2018 / Revised: 23 November 2018 / Accepted: 26 November 2018 / Published: 29 November 2018
PDF Full-text (210 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
This review presents the Swiss strategy initiated over the last several years to implement vaccination by community pharmacists. National health authorities aimed to integrate community pharmacists in the National Vaccination Strategy (NVS) in order to increase the vaccination rate in the Swiss population. [...] Read more.
This review presents the Swiss strategy initiated over the last several years to implement vaccination by community pharmacists. National health authorities aimed to integrate community pharmacists in the National Vaccination Strategy (NVS) in order to increase the vaccination rate in the Swiss population. To support this aim, universities and the Swiss Association of Pharmacists developed pre- and post-graduate education programmes on vaccination for pharmacists. Finally, each Swiss canton (sovereign for health-related aspects) set proper regulations to authorize pharmacists to vaccinate and to determine which vaccines could be administered. As of September 2018, 19 cantons (out of 26) had authorized influenza vaccinations under the sole responsibility of an accredited community pharmacist. Additional vaccinations were available in 13 cantons (e.g., tick-borne encephalitis or hepatitis A, B, or A and B). Such implementation in other countries should follow a similar top-down (following a national strategy to improve vaccination coverage) and stepwise (starting with influenza to demonstrate the competencies of community pharmacists) strategy, supported by the development of research, education and accreditation. The development of health advice related to travels in community pharmacies should follow the same development in Switzerland. Currently, it offers the opportunity for strengthening travellers’ safety, beyond vaccination issues. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Travel Medicine - Series Ⅰ) Printed Edition available
Open AccessReview
The Role of Pharmacists in Travel Medicine in South Africa
Received: 16 June 2018 / Revised: 16 July 2018 / Accepted: 17 July 2018 / Published: 19 July 2018
Cited by 1 | PDF Full-text (158 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
Worldwide, pharmacists, who are the most accessible health-care providers, are playing an ever increasing role in travel medicine, assisting travelers in taking the necessary precautions to ensure safe and healthy travel. This article looks at the situation in South Africa, and how pharmacists [...] Read more.
Worldwide, pharmacists, who are the most accessible health-care providers, are playing an ever increasing role in travel medicine, assisting travelers in taking the necessary precautions to ensure safe and healthy travel. This article looks at the situation in South Africa, and how pharmacists are performing these functions within the legal constraints of the Medicines and Related Substances Act 101 of 1965, which prevents pharmacists from prescribing many of the travel vaccines and medications. The scope of practice in community pharmacies increased since the successful down-scheduling of some of the antimalarials, allowing pharmacists to supply the many travelers who frequently travel to neighboring countries. As in many other countries, travel medicine in South Africa is currently thwart with products that are out of stock, and a number of temporary guidelines were put in place to deal with these. Ways to facilitate expanding the role of pharmacists in travel medicine in South Africa need to be further explored. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Travel Medicine - Series Ⅰ) Printed Edition available
Open AccessReview
Impact of Pharmacy Based Travel Medicine with the Evolution of Pharmacy Practice in the UK
Received: 10 May 2018 / Revised: 28 June 2018 / Accepted: 5 July 2018 / Published: 9 July 2018
Cited by 2 | PDF Full-text (331 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
Background: Pharmacy has utilised the changes in legislation since 2000 to increase the range and supply function of services such as travel health to travellers. With the number of travellers leaving the UK and trying new destinations there is an increasing need for [...] Read more.
Background: Pharmacy has utilised the changes in legislation since 2000 to increase the range and supply function of services such as travel health to travellers. With the number of travellers leaving the UK and trying new destinations there is an increasing need for more travel health provision. Working models: The models of supply of a travel health service vary according to the size of the corporate body. The large multiples can offer assessment via a specialist nurse or doctor service and then supply through the pharmacy. Others will undertake an onsite risk assessment and supply through the pharmacist. The sole Internet suppliers of medication have been reviewed and the assessment standards questioned following survey and inspection. Education: There is no dedicated pharmacist-training programme in advanced level travel health. As a consequence one academic institution allows pharmacists to train on a multidisciplinary course to obtain an academic membership. With training for travel health not being mandatory for any travel health supply function the concern is raised with standards of care. Future: There is a consultation paper on the removal of travel vaccines from NHS supply due to be decided in the future. If these vaccines are removed then they will provide a greater demand on pharmacy services. Discussion: The starting of a travel health service can be made without any additional training and remains unregulated, giving cause for concern to the supply made to the traveller. Conclusions: Pharmacies in the UK offer a range of options for supplying travel health services; however these need to be with improved mandatory training and supply. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Travel Medicine - Series Ⅰ) Printed Edition available
Figures

Figure 1

Pharmacy EISSN 2226-4787 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top