Special Issue "Clinical Nutrition for Arterial Health"

A special issue of Nutrients (ISSN 2072-6643). This special issue belongs to the section "Clinical Nutrition".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 15 November 2021.

Special Issue Editor

Prof. Dr. Stefan Acosta
Website
Guest Editor
Department of Clinical Sciences Malmö, Lund University, Lund, Sweden
Interests: nutrition; diet; arterial health; arterial disease; cardiovascular disease; peripheral arterial disease; aneurysm

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Arterial diseases are the leading cause of deaths worldwide. In order to reduce the prevalence of this disease entity, primary prevention is key. This Special Issue on “clinical nutrition for arterial health” is focused on the role that clinical nutrition has on health of the arteries and arterial disease. Works on the association between clinical nutrition and coronary, carotid, cerebral, aortic and peripheral arterial occlusive and aneurysmal disease are welcomed. The intent of this issue is to broadly explore a wide range of nutrients and/or dietary patterns and their association with arterial health and disease.

Prof. Dr. Stefan Acosta
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Nutrients is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2400 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • Nutrition
  • Diet
  • Arterial health
  • Arterial disease

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Research

Open AccessArticle
Association of Food and Alcohol Consumption with Peripheral Atherosclerotic Plaque Volume as Measured by 3D-Ultrasound
Nutrients 2020, 12(12), 3711; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12123711 - 30 Nov 2020
Viewed by 598
Abstract
Background: Food patterns and alcohol consumption influence the risk for cardiovascular diseases (CVD) and a healthy nutrition is essential for the prevention of CVD. The aim of this study was to determine the influence of nutrition and alcohol consumption on peripheral atherosclerotic plaque [...] Read more.
Background: Food patterns and alcohol consumption influence the risk for cardiovascular diseases (CVD) and a healthy nutrition is essential for the prevention of CVD. The aim of this study was to determine the influence of nutrition and alcohol consumption on peripheral atherosclerotic plaque volume (PV) using an innovative 3D ultrasound approach. Methods: In this prospective, single centre study we included 342 patients with at least one cardiovascular risk factor or established CVD. PV in the carotid and femoral artery was measured using a semi-automatic software. Information on food and alcohol consumption of the participants was collected using an internationally acknowledged standardized questionnaire (DEGS1). Results: Patients with low total PV consumed significantly more vegetables (p = 0.004) and vegetable juice (p = 0.019) per week compared to patients with high total PV. In contrast, patients with high total PV reported a higher alcohol consumption compared to patients with low total PV (p = 0.026). Patients without vascular disease, in particular cerebrovascular disease (p = 0.001) and peripheral arterial disease (p = 0.012), reported a significantly higher fish consumption per week. In the multivariate model, we found a significant negative association for vegetable consumption (p = 0.034) and female gender (p = 0.018) but a significant positive association for alcohol (p = 0.001), age (p < 0.001) the presence of vascular disease (p < 0.001) and cardiovascular risk factors (p < 0.001) with total PV. Conclusion: In this study we were able to show an association of food and alcohol consumption with peripheral atherosclerotic PV measured by 3D-ultrasonography. Following a healthy nutritional lifestyle (vegetable consumption, no excessive alcohol consumption) and regular fish consumption appears to be associated with less peripheral atherosclerosis and decreased prevalence of vascular diseases, respectively. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Clinical Nutrition for Arterial Health)
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