Special Issue "Polymer Nanocomposites: Preparation, Characterisation and Applications"

A special issue of Nanomaterials (ISSN 2079-4991). This special issue belongs to the section "Synthesis, Interfaces and Nanostructures".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 20 March 2021.

Special Issue Editor

Dr. Kinga Pielichowska
Website
Guest Editor
AGH University of Science and Technology, Krakow MP, Poland
Interests: polymer blends and (nano)composites; thermal analysis of polymeric materials; polymeric thermal energy storage materials; crystallization of polymers; degradation of polymers; polymeric biomaterials

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Polymer nanocomposites are an interesting and rapidly growing class of novel materials with enhanced properties, even at low nanofiller loads. They are considered to be promising materials in a wide variety of applications, including automotive, aerospace, mechanics, electronics and biomedical system applications.

The structure, properties and their relationships in polymer nanocomposites strongly depend not only on the polymer matrix type, its average molar mass, its dispersity and the architecture of polymer chains, but also on the type, chemical composition, shape, size and content of nanoparticles and their compatibility with polymer matrix. Proper functionalization of nanomaterials can substantially improve polymer–filler compatibility and/or lead to new desirable features. Depending on these factors, nanoparticles can strongly influence mechanical, rheological and optical properties; flame retardancy; and the thermal and electrical conductivity of polymer matrices. It is also well-known that nanoparticles can change the thermal stability and degradation mechanism (including kinetics) of a polymer matrix. They may influence the mechanism of polymer matrix crystallization and facilitate formation of new crystalline structures.

This Special Issue of Nanomaterials will attempt to cover the most recent advances in polymer nanocomposites, including their preparation, compatibilization and processing, along with the properties and methods of their characterization. It will also report on nano-effects like entanglements, confinement and other phenomena connected to the incorporation of nano-size particles to polymer matrix and their influence on the behavior of macromolecules. Papers on applications of polymer nanocomposites in different sectors, ranging from mechanical engineering, automotive and buildings to electronics and biomedicine are welcome. I hope this Special Issue will contribute to a better understanding of polymer-based nanocomposite structure and properties, thus opening further application perspectives.

In this Special Issue, “Polymer Nanocomposites: Preparation, Characterization and Applications”, full research papers and reviews will be published.

Dr. Kinga Pielichowska
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Nanomaterials is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2200 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • polymer nanocomposites
  • nanofillers
  • nanoparticles
  • processing
  • characterizations
  • nano-effects
  • properties
  • applications

Published Papers

This special issue is now open for submission, see below for planned papers.

Planned Papers

The below list represents only planned manuscripts. Some of these manuscripts have not been received by the Editorial Office yet. Papers submitted to MDPI journals are subject to peer-review.

Title: The effect of poly(ε-caprolactone)-functionalized nanohydroxyapatite on the physico-chemical properties and crystallization kinetics of polyoxymethylene composites
Authors: Kinga Pielichowska, Paula Szuba, Joanna Maciocha, Beata Macherzyńska, Katarzyna Nowicka, Piotr Szatkowski
Affiliation: AGH University of Science and Technology, Krakow MP, Poland
Abstract: In this work nanohydroxyapatite (HAp) was functionalized with poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL) using 1,6-hexamethylene diisocyanate as a coupling agent and then incorporated into polyoxymethylene copolymer (POM) matrix using extrusion technique. The obtained POM/HAp-g-PCL composites were investigated using FTIR, DSC, TOPEM DSC and TG methods. Mechanical properties using destructive and non-destructive ultrasonic methods, wettability and POM crystallization kinetics in the presence of HAp-g-PCL were also studied. Moreover, preliminary assessment bioactivity of the POM/HAp-g-PCL composites was performed using Kokubo method. It was found that the introduction of HAp-g-PCL to POM matrix has a limited effect on the phase transitions of POM as well as on its degree of crystallinity. Importantly, HAp grafted with PCL caused a significant increase of POM thermal stability – from 292°C for pristine POM to 333°C for POM modified with 2.5% of HAp-g-PCL; if unmodified HAp was used, a distinct decrease in the POM thermal stability was observed. Crystallization kinetics studies confirmed that in small amounts HAp-g-PCL can act as a nucleating agent for POM crystallization process. Moreover, it was found that incorporation of HAp-g-PCL, although slightly decreases mechanical properties of POM composites, improves crucial parameter in biomedical applications - in vitro bioactivity.

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