Advances in Electromembrane Processes for Resource Recovery, 2nd Edition

A special issue of Membranes (ISSN 2077-0375). This special issue belongs to the section "Membrane Processing and Engineering".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (15 September 2023) | Viewed by 4738

Special Issue Editors


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Department of Inorganic, Analytical Chemistry and Electrochemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, Silesian University of Technology, ul. B. Krzywoustego 6, 44-100 Gliwice, Poland
Interests: electrodialysis and electromembrane processes; industrial wastewater treatment; desalination; recovery of raw materials from waste water; hybrid and integrated membrane systems
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Guest Editor
Department of Inorganic, Analytical Chemistry and Electrochemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, Silesian University of Technology (SUT), B. Krzywoustego 6, 44-100 Gliwice, Poland
Interests: membrane desalination
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

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Guest Editor
Chemical Engineering Department, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya (UPC)—Barcelona TECH, Campus Diagonal, Besòs, 08930 Barcelona, Spain
Interests: membranes; resource recovery; waste to product; acid water; seawater; nanofiltration; electrodialysis; liquid–liquid membrane contactors; ion-exchange resins; agro-food recovery
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Guest Editor
1. Chemical Engineering Department, School of Industrial Engineering (EEI), University of Vigo, 36310 Vigo, Spain
2. Chemical Engineering Department, Escuela de Ingeniería de Barcelona Este (EEBE), Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya (UPC)-BarcelonaTECH, 08930 Barcelona, Spain
Interests: bioactive ingredients; surface-active compounds; natural products; cosmetic formulations; green technology; waste valorization; fermentation; Lactobacillus species; probiotic and prebiotic properties
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Economic development and population growth increase the need for natural resources. As many of the raw materials are non-renewable, this puts a strain on the environment. One of the possible solutions is to recover the resources from industrial waste waters. Electromembrane processes, which are based on the use of ion-exchange membranes placed in the electric field, can be used either directly for obtaining materials from waste, or as a part of integrated or hybrid systems designed for resource recovery. 

This Special Issue of Membranes, with the theme “Advances in Electromembrane Processes for Resource Recovery”, aims at publishing the latest advances in the application of electromembrane processes in resource recovery. The topics may include, but are not limited to, the following: 

  • Application of electrodialysis in the recovery of minerals from saline waste waters;
  • Recovery of specific ions by selective membrane capacitive deionization;
  • Application of electromembrane processes in recovering heavy metals in the electroplating industry;
  • Recovery of organic acids and bases using bipolar membranes.

Dr. Krzysztof Mitko
Prof. Dr. Marian Turek
Dr. Mònica Reig
Dr. Xanel Vecino
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Membranes is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2700 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • electrodialysis
  • electrodeionization
  • electrodialysis metathesis
  • bipolar membrane electrodialysis
  • membrane capacitive deionization
  • selective electrodialysis
  • electro-electrodialysis
  • microbial desalination cell
  • resource recovery
  • circular economy

Published Papers (3 papers)

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Research

14 pages, 517 KiB  
Article
Enhancing Palladium Recovery Rates in Industrial Residual Solutions through Electrodialysis
by Pauline Zimmermann, Önder Tekinalp, Øivind Wilhelmsen, Liyuan Deng and Odne Stokke Burheim
Membranes 2023, 13(11), 859; https://doi.org/10.3390/membranes13110859 - 26 Oct 2023
Viewed by 1404
Abstract
Palladium is a vital commodity in the industry. To guarantee a stable supply in the future, it is imperative to adopt more effective recycling practices. In this proof-of-concept study, we explore the potential of electrodialysis to enhance the palladium concentration in a residual [...] Read more.
Palladium is a vital commodity in the industry. To guarantee a stable supply in the future, it is imperative to adopt more effective recycling practices. In this proof-of-concept study, we explore the potential of electrodialysis to enhance the palladium concentration in a residual solution of palladium recycling, thus promoting higher recovery rates. Experiments were conducted using an industrial hydrochloric acid solution containing around 1000 mg/L of palladium, with a pH below 1. Two sets of membranes, Selemion AMVN/CMVN and Fujifilm Type 12 AEM/CEM, were tested at two current levels. The Fujifilm membranes, which are designed for low permeability of water, show promising results, recovering around 40% of palladium within a two-hour timeframe. The Selemion membranes were inefficient due to excessive water transport. All membranes accumulated palladium in their structures. Anion-exchange membranes showed higher palladium accumulation at lower currents, while cation-exchange membranes exhibited increased palladium accumulation at higher currents. Owing to the low concentration of palladium and the presence of abundant competing ions, the current efficiency remained below 2%. Our findings indicate a strong potential for augmenting the palladium stage in industrial draw solutions through electrodialysis, emphasizing the importance of membrane properties and process parameters to ensure a viable process. Beyond the prominent criteria of high permselectivity and low resistance, minimizing the permeability of water within IEMs remains a key challenge to mitigating the efficiency loss associated with uncontrolled mixing of the electrolyte solution. Full article
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15 pages, 4760 KiB  
Article
On the Use of Permselectivity to Describe the Selective Transfer of Organic Acids in Electrodialysis
by Robin Caveriviere, Sylvain Galier and Hélène Roux-de Balmann
Membranes 2023, 13(6), 545; https://doi.org/10.3390/membranes13060545 - 23 May 2023
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Abstract
The increasing number of investigations on the use of electrodialysis (ED) in bio-refinery requires a better understanding and tools to evaluate and describe the transfer of charged organic solutes. This study focuses, as an example, on the selective transfer of acetate, butyrate, and [...] Read more.
The increasing number of investigations on the use of electrodialysis (ED) in bio-refinery requires a better understanding and tools to evaluate and describe the transfer of charged organic solutes. This study focuses, as an example, on the selective transfer of acetate, butyrate, and chloride (used as a reference), characterized by using permselectivity. It is shown that permselectivity between two anions does not depend on the total ion concentration, neither on the ion proportions, current intensity, or time nor on the presence of an additional compound. Therefore, it is demonstrated that permselectivity can be used to model the evolution of the stream composition during ED, even at high demineralization rates. Indeed, a very good agreement is found between experimental and calculated values. This study and the application of permselectivity as a tool, as developed in this paper, could be highly valuable for a wide range of applications in electrodialysis. Full article
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17 pages, 2452 KiB  
Article
Selective Separation of Singly Charged Chloride and Dihydrogen Phosphate Anions by Electrobaromembrane Method with Nanoporous Membranes
by Dmitrii Butylskii, Vasiliy Troitskiy, Daria Chuprynina, Ivan Kharchenko, Ilya Ryzhkov, Pavel Apel, Natalia Pismenskaya and Victor Nikonenko
Membranes 2023, 13(5), 455; https://doi.org/10.3390/membranes13050455 - 23 Apr 2023
Cited by 7 | Viewed by 1445
Abstract
The entrance of even a small amount of phosphorus compounds into natural waters leads to global problems that require the use of modern purification technologies. This paper presents the results of testing a hybrid electrobaromembrane (EBM) method for the selective separation of Cl [...] Read more.
The entrance of even a small amount of phosphorus compounds into natural waters leads to global problems that require the use of modern purification technologies. This paper presents the results of testing a hybrid electrobaromembrane (EBM) method for the selective separation of Cl (always present in phosphorus-containing waters) and H2PO4 anions. Separated ions of the same charge sign move in an electric field through the pores of a nanoporous membrane to the corresponding electrode, while a commensurate counter-convective flow in the pores is created by a pressure drop across the membrane. It has been shown that EBM technology provides high fluxes of ions being separated across the membrane as well as a high selectivity coefficient compared to other membrane methods. During the processing of solution containing 0.05 M NaCl and 0.05 M NaH2PO4, the flux of phosphates through a track-etched membrane can reach 0.29 mol/(m2×h). Another possibility for separation is the EBM extraction of chlorides from the solution. Its flux can reach 0.40 mol/(m2×h) through the track-etched membrane and 0.33 mol/(m2×h) through a porous aluminum membrane. The separation efficiency can be very high by using both the porous anodic alumina membrane with positive fixed charges and the track-etched membrane with negative fixed charges due to the possibility of directing the fluxes of separated ions in opposite sides. Full article
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