Topical Collection "Textures and Anisotropy in Advanced Materials"
A topical collection in Materials (ISSN 1996-1944).
The anisotropic properties of polycrystalline aggregates are strongly influenced by the preferred orientation (texture) of their constituting crystals. Beneficiation of such textures is conducted in order to optimize macroscopic properties in specific directions. A plethora of elaboration techniques have been developed for this optimization, resulting in various sample dimensionalities, from nanofibers and thin architectures to large bulks and composites. Initial mechanical forces used in rolling, casting, etc., developed to shape textured metallic alloys, today range in techniques using other orientation forces, such as electrical and magnetic fields, thermal gradients, spark plasmas, substrates, etc. All fields of materials science are concerned, such as shape memory alloys, semiconductors, superconductors, thermoelectrics, magnetics, ferroelectrics, polymers, ionic conductors, metals, etc. As a result, elaborated materials are of increasing architectural complexity, often composed of low crystal symmetry and multiphased, and Quantitative Texture Analysis (QTA) tools evolved for their characterization. Usual QTA, using X-ray, electron, and neutron scattering, progressively incorporated the characterization of residual stresses, crystal defects, and their variations in samples, giving rise to the new concept of Combined Analysis to take into account as many of the possible aspects of the actual material. Additionally, the representation and simulation of the resulting properties, using direct tensor homogenizations and first-principle calculations, holds an important place in the understanding of a material’s behavior.
In this Special Issue, we aim at reviewing recent aspects of texture application to advanced materials of all kinds, from anisotropic elaboration techniques to the resulting anisotropic properties, and via their scattering and spectroscopic characterization and simulation. New process developments, characterization techniques, simulations, and databases linked to anisotropy are targeted.
Prof. Dr. Daniel Chateigner
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- texture analysis
- tensor homogenization
- tensor property
- orientation distribution
- 3D printing
- shape memory alloys
- magnetic texture
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