Special Issue "Recent Research and Developments of Digitalization Transformation and innovation in Businesses"

A special issue of Journal of Theoretical and Applied Electronic Commerce Research (ISSN 0718-1876). This special issue belongs to the section "Entrepreneurship, Innovation, FinTech Accounting and Industry 4.0".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 May 2022) | Viewed by 8336

Special Issue Editors

Dr. Vahid Jafari-Sadeghi
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Newcastle Business School, Northumbria University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK
Interests: international entrepreneurship; digital transformation
Dr. Hannan Amoozad Mahdiraji
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Leicester Castle Business School, De Montfort University, Leicester, UK
Interests: digitalisation in supply chain; game theory; decision making

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

In recent years, the business environment has been characterised by the emergence of a different set of digital infrastructures, platforms, and technologies that have changed the way people live and work (Jafari-Sadeghi et al., 2021; Rezaei et al., 2020). This has been boosted by the current trends of automation of manufacturing, applying innovative business practices, and employing advanced technologies in the Fourth Industrial Revolution (Industry 4.0). Therefore, the “digitalisation transformation” is employed to highlight the disruptive and transformational implications of the latest digital technologies for businesses (Matt et al., 2016).

Literature has tried to investigate the role of innovation and digitalisation transformation in various fields, such as business models and performance (Garousi Mokhtarzadeh, Amoozad Mahdiraji, Jafari-Sadeghi, et al., 2020; Garousi Mokhtarzadeh, Amoozad Mahdiraji, Jafarpanah, et al., 2020; Hinterhuber & Nilles, 2021; Kotarba, 2018; Sukumar et al., 2020), entrepreneurship (Jafari Sadeghi & Biancone, 2018), healthcare (Rezaei et al., 2021), etc. However, there is little known still about the extent to which businesses employ innovative digital strategies to survive and grow in the intricate business environment. For this reason, this Special Issue aims to disentangle specific digital resources, dynamic capabilities, innovative strategies, etc. which are crucial for successful digital transformation in a different type of businesses, such as (but not limited to) entrepreneurial businesses, digital start-ups, innovative international new ventures, etc.

We encourage conceptual and empirical papers using a diverse range of methods (either qualitative or quantitative). In particular, research papers bridging the gap between theoretical conceptions and practical insights are highly welcome. As such, this Special Issue focuses on research on digital innovation and strategies, digitalisation, and digital transformation and calls for is but not limited to the below themes:

  • Digital innovation and strategies and value creation;
  • External (e.g., institutions, infrastructure) and internal (e.g., unique resources, dynamic capabilities) factors of digitalisation transformation;
  • Key drivers and main outcomes of digitalisation transformation and innovation for businesses;
  • Effect of digitalisation transformation in firm internationalisation;
  • Digitalisation transformation in small firms;
  • Digital entrepreneurship and new venture creation;
  • Digital supply chain transformation;
  • Decision-making processes for digital transformation;
  • Decision analytics and decision-making frameworks towards digitalisation;
  • New business models and transformation within key industries;
  • Individual- and firm-level motivations towards digitalisation transformation;
  • Managerial characteristics and for digital transformation.

References

Garousi Mokhtarzadeh, N., Amoozad Mahdiraji, H., Jafari-Sadeghi, V., Soltani, A., & Abbasi Kamardi, A. (2020). A product-technology portfolio alignment approach for food industry : A multi-criteria decision making with z-numbers. British Food Journal, 122(12), 3947–3967. https://doi.org/10.1108/BFJ-02-2020-0115

Garousi Mokhtarzadeh, N., Amoozad Mahdiraji, H., Jafarpanah, I., Jafari-Sadeghi, V., & Cardinali, S. (2020). Investigating the impact of networking capability on firm innovation performance: using the resource-action-performance framework. Journal of Intellectual Capital, 21(6), 1009–1034. https://doi.org/10.1108/JIC-01-2020-0005

Hinterhuber, A., & Nilles, M. (2021). Digital transformation, the holy greail and the disruption of business models. Business Horizons.

Jafari-Sadeghi, V., Garcia-Perez, A., Candelo, E., & Couturier, J. (2021). Exploring the impact of digital transformation on technology entrepreneurship and technological market expansion : The role of technology readiness , exploration and exploitation. Journal of Business Research, 124(2021), 100–111. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbusres.2020.11.020

Jafari Sadeghi, V., & Biancone, P. Pietro. (2018). How micro, small and medium-sized enterprises are driven outward the superior international trade performance? A multidimensional study on Italian food sector. Research in International Business and Finance, 45(October 2018), 597–606. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ribaf.2017.07.136

Kotarba, M. (2018). Digital transformation of business models. Foundations of Management, 10(1), 123–142.

Matt, C., Hess, T., Benlian, A., & Wiesbock, F. (2016). Options for formulating a digital transformation strategy. MIS Quarterly Executive, 15(2), 6.

Rezaei, M., Jafari-Sadeghi, V., & Bresciani, S. (2020). What Drives the Process of Knowledge Management in a Cross-Cultural Setting: The Impact of Social Capital. European Business Review, 32(3), 485–511. https://doi.org/10.1108/EBR-06-2019-0127

Rezaei, M., Jafari-Sadeghi, V., Cao, D., & Amoozad Mahdiraji, H. (2021). Key indicators of ethical challenges in digital healthcare: A combined Delphi exploration and confirmative factor analysis approach with evidence from Khorasan province in Iran. Technological Forecasting & Social Change, 167(2021), 120724. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.techfore.2021.120724

Sukumar, A., Jafari-Sadeghi, V., Garcia-Perez, A., & Dutta, D. K. (2020). The potential link between corporate innovations and corporate competitiveness: evidence from IT firms in the UK. Journal of Knowledge Management, 24(5), 965–983. https://doi.org/10.1108/JKM-10-2019-0590

Dr. Vahid Jafari-Sadeghi
Dr. Hannan Amoozad Mahdiraji
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

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Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1000 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

 

Keywords

  • Keywords: Digitalisation transformation
  • Innovation
  • Digital technology readiness
  • Digital technology exploration
  • Digital supply chain transformation
  • Blockchain Integration and Industry 4.0 in supply chain management
  • Digital technology exploitation
  • New business models
  • Digital entrepreneurship
  • Internationalisation

Published Papers (6 papers)

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Research

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Article
The Effect of Digital Orientation and Digital Capability on Digital Transformation of SMEs during the COVID-19 Pandemic
J. Theor. Appl. Electron. Commer. Res. 2022, 17(2), 669-685; https://doi.org/10.3390/jtaer17020035 - 11 May 2022
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 870
Abstract
Despite the growing importance of digital transformation, empirical research on the drivers of digital transformation is still lacking, creating a knowledge gap. The purpose of this study is to explore the effect of digital orientation and digital capability on digital transformation, as well [...] Read more.
Despite the growing importance of digital transformation, empirical research on the drivers of digital transformation is still lacking, creating a knowledge gap. The purpose of this study is to explore the effect of digital orientation and digital capability on digital transformation, as well as the mediating effect of digital transformation on revenues and business models of SMEs during the COVID-19 pandemic. This paper examines a new conceptual framework designed on resource-based theory perspectives by using survey data of 246 SMEs in Latvia. To achieve the research purpose, this study used a mediation analysis to examine the direct effect of digital orientation and digital capability on digital transformation, as well as to explore the mediating effect of digital transformation on SME outcomes. Our results reveal that both digital orientation and digital capability have direct positive effects on digital transformation. We also found that digital transformation has a positive mediating effect from digital orientation on revenue and business model, as well as from digital capability on revenue. These findings could be useful for policymakers, managers and practitioners to clarify how digital orientation and digital capability intermediated through digital transformation affect the outcomes of SMEs. Full article
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Article
Show Me What You Do and I Will Tell You Who You Are: A Cluster Typology of Supply Chain Risk Management in SMEs
J. Theor. Appl. Electron. Commer. Res. 2022, 17(1), 345-359; https://doi.org/10.3390/jtaer17010018 - 10 Mar 2022
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Abstract
Although research on risk management (RM) in small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in general and regarding supply chains (SCs) has increased recently, our understanding is still rather fragmented and underdeveloped. This refers particularly to new types of risks such as dynamic crises or [...] Read more.
Although research on risk management (RM) in small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in general and regarding supply chains (SCs) has increased recently, our understanding is still rather fragmented and underdeveloped. This refers particularly to new types of risks such as dynamic crises or emerging risks associated with digital transformation (DT). Therefore, the purpose of this exploratory paper is to investigate RM in SMEs in SCs. More precisely, the aim is to identify patterns that can be used to group SMEs according to their risk behavior (i.e., risk attitude and perception). Drawing from a data set of 181 European SMEs, this paper empirically conceptualizes a typology of SMEs. The typology consists of four distinct types of SMEs that emerged from a cluster analysis: collective risk eliminators, collective playing it safe seekers, collective risk-ignoring knights of fortune, and collective neglecting imperturbable ones. The findings indicate that different risk behavior leads to different degrees of collaboration within the SC. Furthermore, the close interconnection between RM as found in the different clusters and the respective firm’s innovation performance can be shown. By acknowledging the heterogeneity found in SMEs, this paper breaks away from mainstream research that tends to consider SMEs as a homogeneous entity. Full article
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Article
Decision-Making Strategy for Digital Transformation: A Two-Year Analytical Study and Follow-Up Concerning Innovative Improvements in University e-Services
J. Theor. Appl. Electron. Commer. Res. 2022, 17(1), 138-164; https://doi.org/10.3390/jtaer17010008 - 14 Jan 2022
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 928
Abstract
Universities worldwide strive to provide the best student services possible, particularly those that support student achievements and career goals. Therefore, academic advising continues to be a significant part of the student experience, one which universities need to fully understand in terms of its [...] Read more.
Universities worldwide strive to provide the best student services possible, particularly those that support student achievements and career goals. Therefore, academic advising continues to be a significant part of the student experience, one which universities need to fully understand in terms of its objectives, application processes, and required skill. As a result of significant technological improvements since the turn of the millennium, including expanding internet applications and digital transformations, universities have established computer information systems that support academic advising and course registration services. This study examined the effects of modifications to the electronic academic advising and course registration systems at King Abdulaziz University in 2018, and then again in 2020, following a university-wide system failure in 2018 resulting from a demand overload. In 2018, a preliminary statistical analysis and student feedback survey were conducted by the authors to measure student satisfaction with the online portal On-Demand University Services (ODUS Plus). In addition to recommendations suggested by the 2018 analysis such as balancing the load distribution of the university’s network, organizational (i.e., non-technical) solutions, rules, and regulations were adjusted such as progressive course registration that prioritized those expected to graduate first. The survey and analysis were repeated by the authors in 2020 to assess improvements in student satisfaction. As a result of the changes, the investigation revealed improved student satisfaction with the performance of ODUS Plus and network access. Overall, students were significantly more satisfied in 2020 than in 2018. This research shows that some technical challenges can be resolved using re-engineered processes and organizational solutions. Full article
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Article
Deploying Big Data Enablers to Strengthen Supply Chain Agility to Mitigate Bullwhip Effect: An Empirical Study of China’s Electronic Manufacturers
J. Theor. Appl. Electron. Commer. Res. 2021, 16(7), 3375-3405; https://doi.org/10.3390/jtaer16070183 - 10 Dec 2021
Viewed by 1312
Abstract
With the development of economic globalization, the uncertainty of supply chains is also increasing, and alleviating the bullwhip effect has become an important issue. From previous discussions on alleviating the bullwhip effect, there was no research on alleviating it by enhancing supply chain [...] Read more.
With the development of economic globalization, the uncertainty of supply chains is also increasing, and alleviating the bullwhip effect has become an important issue. From previous discussions on alleviating the bullwhip effect, there was no research on alleviating it by enhancing supply chain agility through improving big data. Moreover, it has not been found that quality function deployment is used to analyze the interdependence between big data and supply chain agility, as well as between supply chain agility and the bullwhip effect. In particular, the interaction of bullwhip effect factors are not considered. In this study, the multicriteria decision-making integrated framework is proposed and the largest relay manufacturer in China is taken to identify key big data enablers to enhance supply chain agility and mitigate the bullwhip effect, thus providing an effective method for electronic equipment manufacturing enterprises to develop a supply chain that can quickly respond to changes and uncertainties. These big data enablers can enhance supply chain agility and reduce the bullwhip effect. This framework provides an effective method for electronic manufacturers to formulate supply chain agility indicators and big data enablers to mitigate the bullwhip effect and also provides a reference for other manufacturing enterprises in supply chain management. Full article
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Article
Open Innovation Competence for a Future-Proof Workforce: A Comparative Study from Four European Universities
J. Theor. Appl. Electron. Commer. Res. 2021, 16(6), 2442-2457; https://doi.org/10.3390/jtaer16060134 - 18 Sep 2021
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 944
Abstract
Digital transformation is a key driving force of open innovation to capture and transfer knowledge inside and outside of a company’s bounds. New challenges in organizing multiple knowledge flows imply the need for increased competences related to this paradigm of future employees. In [...] Read more.
Digital transformation is a key driving force of open innovation to capture and transfer knowledge inside and outside of a company’s bounds. New challenges in organizing multiple knowledge flows imply the need for increased competences related to this paradigm of future employees. In this article, we organize and aggregate the competencies required for open innovation collaboration and develop a competence profile that organizes individual competencies in an open innovation context. Based on elements of the European Entrepreneurship Competence Framework, we delineate an OI Competence Profile and list the core competencies to manage and accelerate the inflow and outflow of knowledge. We explore this profile by comparing data from 2332 students from four European universities to find differences in the distribution of OI competencies between countries. The study contributes to understanding the individual competencies that target the future OI needs of companies necessary in the context of digital transformation. It also introduces an interdisciplinary approach to integrate the research streams of management practice, open innovation, and entrepreneurial education. Full article
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Systematic Review
Fintechs and Institutions: A Systematic Literature Review and Future Research Agenda
J. Theor. Appl. Electron. Commer. Res. 2022, 17(2), 722-750; https://doi.org/10.3390/jtaer17020038 - 27 May 2022
Viewed by 551
Abstract
The growth of fintechs has exponentially modified the international financial system. These changes affect social mechanisms that regulate the performance of economic agents, generating the need to modify the current role played by institutions. Despite the clear relationship that exists between fintechs and [...] Read more.
The growth of fintechs has exponentially modified the international financial system. These changes affect social mechanisms that regulate the performance of economic agents, generating the need to modify the current role played by institutions. Despite the clear relationship that exists between fintechs and institutions, studies exploring the details of this relationship are still scarce. The objective of this article is to propose a review and analysis of the current state of research on fintechs and institutions. To achieve this goal, a systematic literature review was conducted, with the selection and analysis of 123 documents published which were based on preestablished inclusion and exclusion criteria. The main results show the development of a framework that allows us to increase our understanding of fintechs and institutions; the identification of three propositions that serve as a guide to the institutional landscape in which fintechs operate; and finally the recognition of a research agenda. Full article
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