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Open Innovation Competence for a Future-Proof Workforce: A Comparative Study from Four European Universities

Faculty of Management and Economics, Gdansk University of Technology, 80-233 Gdansk, Poland
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Academic Editors: Vahid Jafari-Sadeghi and Hannan Amoozad Mahdiraji
J. Theor. Appl. Electron. Commer. Res. 2021, 16(6), 2442-2457; https://doi.org/10.3390/jtaer16060134
Received: 5 August 2021 / Revised: 3 September 2021 / Accepted: 14 September 2021 / Published: 18 September 2021
Digital transformation is a key driving force of open innovation to capture and transfer knowledge inside and outside of a company’s bounds. New challenges in organizing multiple knowledge flows imply the need for increased competences related to this paradigm of future employees. In this article, we organize and aggregate the competencies required for open innovation collaboration and develop a competence profile that organizes individual competencies in an open innovation context. Based on elements of the European Entrepreneurship Competence Framework, we delineate an OI Competence Profile and list the core competencies to manage and accelerate the inflow and outflow of knowledge. We explore this profile by comparing data from 2332 students from four European universities to find differences in the distribution of OI competencies between countries. The study contributes to understanding the individual competencies that target the future OI needs of companies necessary in the context of digital transformation. It also introduces an interdisciplinary approach to integrate the research streams of management practice, open innovation, and entrepreneurial education. View Full-Text
Keywords: digital transformation; open innovation; competence digital transformation; open innovation; competence
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MDPI and ACS Style

McPhillips, M.; Licznerska, M. Open Innovation Competence for a Future-Proof Workforce: A Comparative Study from Four European Universities. J. Theor. Appl. Electron. Commer. Res. 2021, 16, 2442-2457. https://doi.org/10.3390/jtaer16060134

AMA Style

McPhillips M, Licznerska M. Open Innovation Competence for a Future-Proof Workforce: A Comparative Study from Four European Universities. Journal of Theoretical and Applied Electronic Commerce Research. 2021; 16(6):2442-2457. https://doi.org/10.3390/jtaer16060134

Chicago/Turabian Style

McPhillips, Marita, and Magdalena Licznerska. 2021. "Open Innovation Competence for a Future-Proof Workforce: A Comparative Study from Four European Universities" Journal of Theoretical and Applied Electronic Commerce Research 16, no. 6: 2442-2457. https://doi.org/10.3390/jtaer16060134

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