Special Issue "Genomics Analysis of Fungi"

A special issue of Journal of Fungi (ISSN 2309-608X). This special issue belongs to the section "Fungal Genomics, Genetics and Molecular Biology".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 July 2023 | Viewed by 5767

Special Issue Editor

Prof. Dr. Marcus de Melo Teixeira
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
1. Pathogen and Microbiome Institute, Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, AZ 86011-4073, USA
2. Núcleo de Medicina Tropical, University of Brasília, Brasília 70910-900, DF, Brazil
Interests: fungal pathogens; comparative genomics; population genetics; DNA sequencing; evolution; phylogenomics

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Genomic sciences and interdisciplinary approaches have revolutionized the understanding of fungal biology, evolution, chromosomal variation, taxonomy, systematics, ecology, and pathogenesis. The number of completed and partial fungal genomes has increased exponentially since the first draft genome of Saccharomyces cerevisiae was published. High-throughput DNA sequencing methods, advances in bioinformatics tools, and the availability of genomic databases have become mainstays of contemporary mycology. Moreover, functional genomics based on RNA sequencing technologies allows for the identification of gene subsets involved in the production of phenotypes of interest, hence its importance in environmental, medical, and plant mycology. In this vein, we welcome manuscripts on structural, comparative, functional and population genomics, phylogenomics, metagenomics, and epigenomics. The proposed Special Issue of Journal of Fungi on “Genomics Analysis of Fungi” is intended to collect papers aiming to understand how fungi interact with diverse ecosystems.

Prof. Dr. Marcus de Melo Teixeira
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Journal of Fungi is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2200 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • genomics
  • DNA sequencing
  • RNA sequencing
  • transcriptomics
  • fungi
  • metagenomics
  • epigenomics

Published Papers (7 papers)

Order results
Result details
Select all
Export citation of selected articles as:

Research

Article
Comparative Genomic Analysis Reveals Gene Content Diversity, Phylogenomic Contour, Putative Virulence Determinants, and Potential Diagnostic Markers within Pythium insidiosum Traits
J. Fungi 2023, 9(2), 169; https://doi.org/10.3390/jof9020169 - 27 Jan 2023
Viewed by 315
Abstract
Pythium insidiosum has successfully evolved into a human/animal filamentous pathogen, causing pythiosis, a life-threatening disease, worldwide. The specific rDNA-based genotype of P. insidiosum (clade I, II, or III) is associated with the different hosts and disease prevalence. Genome evolution of P. insidiosum can [...] Read more.
Pythium insidiosum has successfully evolved into a human/animal filamentous pathogen, causing pythiosis, a life-threatening disease, worldwide. The specific rDNA-based genotype of P. insidiosum (clade I, II, or III) is associated with the different hosts and disease prevalence. Genome evolution of P. insidiosum can be driven by point mutations, pass vertically to the offspring, and diverge into distinct lineages, leading to different virulence, including the ability to be unrecognized by the host. We conducted comprehensive genomic comparisons of 10 P. insidiosum strains and 5 related Pythium species using our online “Gene Table” software to investigate the pathogen’s evolutionary history and pathogenicity. In total, 245,378 genes were found in all 15 genomes and grouped into 45,801 homologous gene clusters. Gene contents among P. insidiosum strains varied by as much as 23%. Our results showed a strong agreement between the phylogenetic analysis of 166 core genes (88,017 bp) identified across all genomes and the hierarchical clustering analysis of gene presence/absence profiles, suggesting divergence of P. insidiosum into two groups, clade I/II and clade III strains, and the subsequent segregation of clade I and clade II. A stringent gene content comparison using the Pythium Gene Table provided 3263 core genes exclusively presented in all P. insidiosum strains but no other Pythium species, which could involve host-specific pathogenesis and serve as biomarkers for diagnostic purposes. More studies focusing on characterizing the biological function of the core genes (including the just-identified putative virulence genes encoding hemagglutinin/adhesin and reticulocyte-binding protein) are needed to explore the biology and pathogenicity of this pathogen. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Genomics Analysis of Fungi)
Show Figures

Figure 1

Article
Description and Genome Characterization of Three Novel Fungal Strains Isolated from Mars 2020 Mission-Associated Spacecraft Assembly Facility Surfaces—Recommendations for Two New Genera and One Species
J. Fungi 2023, 9(1), 31; https://doi.org/10.3390/jof9010031 - 23 Dec 2022
Viewed by 780
Abstract
National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s (NASA) spacecraft assembly facilities are monitored for the presence of any bacteria or fungi that might conceivably survive a transfer to an extraterrestrial environment. Fungi present a broad and diverse range of phenotypic and functional traits to adapt [...] Read more.
National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s (NASA) spacecraft assembly facilities are monitored for the presence of any bacteria or fungi that might conceivably survive a transfer to an extraterrestrial environment. Fungi present a broad and diverse range of phenotypic and functional traits to adapt to extreme conditions, hence the detection of fungi and subsequent eradication of them are needed to prevent forward contamination for future NASA missions. During the construction and assembly for the Mars 2020 mission, three fungal strains with unique morphological and phylogenetic properties were isolated from spacecraft assembly facilities. The reconstruction of phylogenetic trees based on several gene loci (ITS, LSU, SSU, RPB, TUB, TEF1) using multi-locus sequence typing (MLST) and whole genome sequencing (WGS) analyses supported the hypothesis that these were novel species. Here we report the genus or species-level classification of these three novel strains via a polyphasic approach using phylogenetic analysis, colony and cell morphology, and comparative analysis of WGS. The strain FJI-L9-BK-P1 isolated from the Jet Propulsion Laboratory Spacecraft Assembly Facility (JPL-SAF) exhibited a putative phylogenetic relationship with the strain Aaosphaeria arxii CBS175.79 but showed distinct morphology and microscopic features. Another JPL-SAF strain, FJII-L3-CM-DR1, was phylogenetically distinct from members of the family Trichomeriaceae and exhibited morphologically different features from the genera Lithohypha and Strelitziana. The strain FKI-L1-BK-DR1 isolated from the Kennedy Space Center facility was identified as a member of Dothideomycetes incertae sedis and is closely related to the family Kirschsteiniotheliaceae according to a phylogenetic analysis. The polyphasic taxonomic approach supported the recommendation for establishing two novel genera and one novel species. The names Aaosphaeria pasadenensis (FJI-L9-BK-P1 = NRRL 64424 = DSM 114621), Pasadenomyces melaninifex (FJII-L3-CM-DR1 = NRRL 64433 = DSM 114623), and Floridaphiala radiotolerans (FKI-L1-BK-DR1 = NRRL 64434 = DSM 114624) are proposed as type species. Furthermore, resistance to ultraviolet-C and presence of specific biosynthetic gene cluster(s) coding for metabolically active compounds are unique to these strains. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Genomics Analysis of Fungi)
Show Figures

Figure 1

Article
Genomic and Metabolomic Analyses of the Medicinal Fungus Inonotus hispidus for Its Metabolite’s Biosynthesis and Medicinal Application
J. Fungi 2022, 8(12), 1245; https://doi.org/10.3390/jof8121245 - 25 Nov 2022
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 716
Abstract
Inonotus hispidus mushroom is a traditional medicinal fungus with anti-cancer, antioxidation, and immunomodulatory activities, and it is used in folk medicine as a treatment for indigestion, cancer, diabetes, and gastric illnesses. Although I. hispidus is recognized as a rare edible medicinal macrofungi, its [...] Read more.
Inonotus hispidus mushroom is a traditional medicinal fungus with anti-cancer, antioxidation, and immunomodulatory activities, and it is used in folk medicine as a treatment for indigestion, cancer, diabetes, and gastric illnesses. Although I. hispidus is recognized as a rare edible medicinal macrofungi, its genomic sequence and biosynthesis potential of secondary metabolites have not been investigated. In this study, using Illumina NovaSeq combined with the PacBio platform, we sequenced and de novo assembled the whole genome of NPCB_001, a wild I. hispidus isolate from the Aksu area of Xinjiang Province, China. Comparative genomic and phylogenomic analyses reveal interspecific differences and evolutionary traits in the genus Inonotus. Bioinformatics analysis identified candidate genes associated with mating type, polysaccharide synthesis, carbohydrate-active enzymes, and secondary metabolite biosynthesis. Additionally, molecular networks of metabolites exhibit differences in chemical composition and content between fruiting bodies and mycelium, as well as association clusters of related compounds. The deciphering of the genome of I. hispidus will deepen the understanding of the biosynthesis of bioactive components, open the path for future biosynthesis research, and promote the application of Inonotus in the fields of drug research and functional food manufacturing. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Genomics Analysis of Fungi)
Show Figures

Figure 1

Article
Phylogenomic and Evolutionary Analyses Reveal Diversifications of SET-Domain Proteins in Fungi
J. Fungi 2022, 8(11), 1159; https://doi.org/10.3390/jof8111159 - 02 Nov 2022
Viewed by 566
Abstract
In recent years, many publications have established histone lysine methylation as a central epigenetic modification in the regulation of chromatin and transcription. The histone lysine methyltransferases contain a conserved SET domain and are widely distributed in various organisms. However, a comprehensive study on [...] Read more.
In recent years, many publications have established histone lysine methylation as a central epigenetic modification in the regulation of chromatin and transcription. The histone lysine methyltransferases contain a conserved SET domain and are widely distributed in various organisms. However, a comprehensive study on the origin and diversification of the SET-domain-containing genes in fungi has not been conducted. In this study, a total of 3816 SET-domain-containing genes, which were identified and characterized using HmmSearch from 229 whole genomes sequenced fungal species, were used to ascertain their evolution and diversification in fungi. Using the CLANS program, all the SET-domain-containing genes were grouped into three main clusters, and each cluster contains several groups. Domain organization analysis showed that genes belonging to the same group have similar sequence structures. In contrast, different groups process domain organizations or locations differently, suggesting the SET-domain-containing genes belonging to different groups may have obtained distinctive regulatory mechanisms during their evolution. These genes that conduct the histone methylations (such as H3K4me, H3K9me, H3K27me, H4K20me, H3K36me) are mainly grouped into Cluster 1 while the other genes grouped into Clusters 2 and 3 are still functionally undetermined. Our results also showed that numerous gene duplication and loss events have happened during the evolution of those fungal SET-domain-containing proteins. Our results provide novel insights into the roles of SET-domain genes in fungal evolution and pave a fundamental path to further understanding the epigenetic basis of gene regulation in fungi. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Genomics Analysis of Fungi)
Show Figures

Figure 1

Article
Genomic Characteristics and Comparative Genomics Analysis of Parafenestella ontariensis sp. nov.
J. Fungi 2022, 8(7), 732; https://doi.org/10.3390/jof8070732 - 14 Jul 2022
Viewed by 949
Abstract
A new ascomycetous species of Parafenestella was isolated from Acer negundo during the survey of diseased trees in Southern Ontario, Canada. The species is morphologically similar to other taxa of Cucurbitariacea (Pleosporales). The new species is different from the extant species [...] Read more.
A new ascomycetous species of Parafenestella was isolated from Acer negundo during the survey of diseased trees in Southern Ontario, Canada. The species is morphologically similar to other taxa of Cucurbitariacea (Pleosporales). The new species is different from the extant species in the morphology of ascospores, culture characteristics and molecular data. The novel species is described as Parafenestella ontariensis sp. nov. based on morphological and multi-gene phylogenetic analyses using a combined set of ITS, LSU, tef1 and tub2 loci. Additionally, the genome of P. ontariensis was sequenced and analyzed. The phylogenomic analysis confirmed the close relationship of the species to the fenestelloid clades of Cucurbitariaceae. The comparative genomics analysis revealed that the species lifestyle appears to be multitrophic (necrotrophic or hemi-biotrophic) with a capability to turn pathogenic on a corresponding plant host. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Genomics Analysis of Fungi)
Show Figures

Figure 1

Article
Comparative Genomics of Three Aspergillus Strains Reveals Insights into Endophytic Lifestyle and Endophyte-Induced Plant Growth Promotion
J. Fungi 2022, 8(7), 690; https://doi.org/10.3390/jof8070690 - 29 Jun 2022
Viewed by 810
Abstract
Aspergillus includes both plant pathogenic and beneficial fungi. Although endophytes beneficial to plants have high potential for plant growth promotion and improving stress tolerance, studies on endophytic lifestyles and endophyte-plant interactions are still limited. Here, three endophytes belonging to Aspergillus, AS31, AS33, [...] Read more.
Aspergillus includes both plant pathogenic and beneficial fungi. Although endophytes beneficial to plants have high potential for plant growth promotion and improving stress tolerance, studies on endophytic lifestyles and endophyte-plant interactions are still limited. Here, three endophytes belonging to Aspergillus, AS31, AS33, and AS42, were isolated. They could successfully colonize rice roots and significantly improved rice growth. The genomes of strains AS31, AS33, and AS42 were sequenced and compared with other Aspergillus species covering both pathogens and endophytes. The genomes of AS31, AS33, and AS42 were 36.8, 34.8, and 35.3 Mb, respectively. The endophytic genomes had more genes encoding carbohydrate-active enzymes (CAZymes) and small secreted proteins (SSPs) and secondary metabolism gene clusters involved in indole metabolism than the pathogens. In addition, these endophytes were able to improve Pi (phosphorus) accumulation and transport in rice by inducing the expression of Pi transport genes in rice. Specifically, inoculation with endophytes significantly increased Pi contents in roots at the early stage, while the Pi contents in inoculated shoots were significantly increased at the late stage. Our results not only provide important insights into endophyte-plant interactions but also provide strain and genome resources, paving the way for the agricultural application of Aspergillus endophytes. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Genomics Analysis of Fungi)
Show Figures

Figure 1

Article
The Lysine Demethylases KdmA and KdmB Differently Regulate Asexual Development, Stress Response, and Virulence in Aspergillus fumigatus
J. Fungi 2022, 8(6), 590; https://doi.org/10.3390/jof8060590 - 31 May 2022
Viewed by 1006
Abstract
Histone demethylases govern diverse cellular processes, including growth, development, and secondary metabolism. In the present study, we investigated the functions of two lysine demethylases, KdmA and KdmB, in the opportunistic human pathogenic fungus Aspergillus fumigatus. Experiments with mutants harboring deletions of genes [...] Read more.
Histone demethylases govern diverse cellular processes, including growth, development, and secondary metabolism. In the present study, we investigated the functions of two lysine demethylases, KdmA and KdmB, in the opportunistic human pathogenic fungus Aspergillus fumigatus. Experiments with mutants harboring deletions of genes encoding KdmA (ΔkdmA) and KdmB (ΔkdmB) showed that KdmA is necessary for normal growth and proper conidiation, whereas KdmB negatively regulates vegetative growth and conidiation. In both mutant strains, tolerance to H2O2 was significantly decreased, and the activities of both conidia-specific catalase (CatA) and mycelia-specific catalase (Cat1) were decreased. Both mutants had significantly increased sensitivity to the guanine nucleotide synthesis inhibitor 6-azauracil (6AU). The ΔkdmA mutant produced more gliotoxin (GT), but the virulence was not changed significantly in immunocompromised mice. In contrast, the production of GT and virulence were markedly reduced by the loss of kdmB. Comparative transcriptomic analyses revealed that the expression levels of developmental process-related genes and antioxidant activity-related genes were downregulated in both mutants. Taken together, we concluded that KdmA and KdmB have opposite roles in vegetative growth, asexual sporulation, and GT production. However, the two proteins were equally important for the development of resistance to 6AU. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Genomics Analysis of Fungi)
Show Figures

Figure 1

Back to TopTop