Special Issue "Low-Cost Inventions and Patents: Series II"

A special issue of Inventions (ISSN 2411-5134). This special issue belongs to the section "Inventions and Innovation in Electrical Engineering/Energy/Communications".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 October 2022 | Viewed by 1556

Special Issue Editors

Prof. Dr. Esther Salmerón-Manzano
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Throughout the history of mankind, man has invented ingenious ways for solving problems, such as enhancing knowledge, but above all, for the improvement of our quality of life. Inventions are often those that we use on a daily basis and that go unnoticed, as they are something we have become accustomed to living with. Low-cost technologies are expected to be easy to build, have little or no energy consumption, and be easy to maintain and operate. The use of sustainable technologies is essential in order to move towards a greater global coverage of technology and, therefore, to improve the human quality of life. Low-cost products always respond to a specific need, even if no in-depth analysis of the situation or possible solutions is carried out. It is a consensus in all industrialized countries that patents have a decisive influence on the organization of the economy, being a key element in promoting technological innovation. Patents must aim to promote the technological development of countries, starting from their industrial situation.

Usually, for the proposal of a patent, a review of the state of technology on that particular issue must be constructed. This type of study is not often published in scientific journals, despite their technological value, which is why this Special Issue aims to include research works reviewing the state of the art in low-cost technologies used for patent applications. One way allowing the survival of a company, in a world as competitive as the current one, is the promotion of technological innovation through its inventions, making it possible to add value to the services and products it can offer. The management of technological innovation requires the implementation of a set of mechanisms, including the protection of intellectual property. Thus, patents, licenses, copyrights, trademarks and trade secrets are some legal tools through which inventors and innovators enforce their legitimate right to keep ownership of their inventions.

Prof. Dr. Francisco Manzano Agugliaro
Dr. Esther Salmerón-Manzano
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Inventions is an international peer-reviewed open access quarterly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1500 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • patent
  • low cost
  • sensors
  • cost effectiveness
  • substrates
  • thin films
  • image processing
  • hardware
  • smart grid
  • smart home
  • energy management
  • power electronics
  • global positioning system
  • GNSS
  • UAV
  • photogrammetry
  • embedded systems
  • wastewater treatment
  • pollutant removal
  • agriculture
  • automation
  • machinery

Published Papers (2 papers)

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Research

Article
Determination of the Expected Value of Losses Caused by the Cargo Transportation Insurance Risks by Water Transport
Inventions 2022, 7(3), 81; https://doi.org/10.3390/inventions7030081 - 12 Sep 2022
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Abstract
The purpose of this study was mathematical model development for assessing the cost of losses from risks in the maritime transportation of goods that are dynamic in nature, and developing a methodical approach to the dynamic costs assessment for each of the risks [...] Read more.
The purpose of this study was mathematical model development for assessing the cost of losses from risks in the maritime transportation of goods that are dynamic in nature, and developing a methodical approach to the dynamic costs assessment for each of the risks separately and integral costs for all risks and ensuring the fulfillment of the requirement to anticipate the insurance cost changes over the rate of change of the transportation integral risk (or its stage). The risks factor analysis in water transport, their classification and determination of the type and nature of their impact on sea transportation of goods were carried out. The groups of risk factors that lead to emergency situations for water transport in Ukraine were studied by comparing the data of 2019 and 2021 and determining their share in the total number of accidents before the start of the active phase of hostilities in Ukraine; the rates of their change were analyzed. This made it possible to develop a systematic assessment algorithm for the dependence of the expected and actual value of losses on risks and to create a mathematical approach to risks forecasting as a factor influencing the cost of expenses. As a result of the study, a methodical approach to forecasting the cost of losses from risks was formed for each of their types. However, the main attention was paid to the identification and assessment of dynamic risks, the impact of which has an absorbing nature relative to all others in their totality. Such risks in the waters of the Black and Azov seas today mainly include risks associated with the conduct of military operations, including such operations that go against international legal norms. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Low-Cost Inventions and Patents: Series II)
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Article
Fast Location of Table Grapes Picking Point Based on Infrared Tube
Inventions 2022, 7(1), 27; https://doi.org/10.3390/inventions7010027 - 24 Feb 2022
Viewed by 979
Abstract
This study investigates the low mechanization level of grape picking, and the problems associated with the difficult location of grape picking points in three-dimensional space. A method for rapidly locating the picking points of table grapes based on an infrared tube was proposed [...] Read more.
This study investigates the low mechanization level of grape picking, and the problems associated with the difficult location of grape picking points in three-dimensional space. A method for rapidly locating the picking points of table grapes based on an infrared tube was proposed in this paper. Firstly, the Otsu algorithm and the maximum connected domain were used to obtain the image of the target grape, which realized the fast recognition and segmentation of the target grape in two-dimensional space. Secondly, a location device for grape-picking points based on an infrared tube was designed, which resolved the technical problem related to the difficulty of locating picking points in three-dimensional space, and realized the accurate positioning of picking points for table grapes. Finally, the experimental results show that the proposed method can quickly and accurately locate the picking points of table grapes in three-dimensional space. The average running time of the proposed algorithm is 0.61 s, and the success rate of location identification is 90.0%. It provides a feasible scheme for the mechanized picking of table grapes. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Low-Cost Inventions and Patents: Series II)
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