Special Issue "Forest Stand Dynamics and Its Applications"

A special issue of Forests (ISSN 1999-4907). This special issue belongs to the section "Forest Ecology and Management".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 28 February 2020.

Special Issue Editor

Prof. Dr. Pil Sun Park
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of Forest Sciences, Seoul National University, Seoul 08826, Republic of Korea
Interests: forest ecology; forest stand dynamics; disturbance; forest regeneration

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Forests change continuously, interacting with disturbances and the surrounding environment. Past species composition, stand age, and disturbance history result in the current forest structure, which changes over time. Stand structure and disturbance affect each other, determining stand development and subsequent structure. The rate and amount of stand changes are affected by the growth rates of trees, species composition, species life history traits, stand structure, disturbance, and the environment supporting the forest ecosystem, and are key issues for forest management.

Forest stand dynamics focuses on changes in forest stand structure with time, including stand behavior during and after disturbance. Information on current stand structure, the rate and amount of stand changes, and disturbance regime help to predict stand conditions and ecosystem structure in the future, and lead to better silvicultural regimes for forest management goals. Forests should be managed based on an understanding of the ecological characteristics of stands and forest stand dynamics. This Special Issue focuses on research and findings on changes in species composition and stand structure, as well as ways to use the forest stand dynamics information.

Prof. Dr. Pil Sun Park
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Forests is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1800 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • stand structure
  • disturbance
  • regeneration
  • species composition

Published Papers (2 papers)

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Research

Open AccessArticle
Disturbance History and Dynamics of an Old-Growth Nothofagus Forest in Southern Patagonia
Forests 2020, 11(1), 101; https://doi.org/10.3390/f11010101 - 14 Jan 2020
Abstract
The identification of disturbance events using disturbance chronologies has become a valuable tool in reconstructing disturbance history in temperate forests worldwide; yet detailed reconstructions of disturbance history and their effect on the structure and dynamics of the old-growth Nothofagus forests in the southern [...] Read more.
The identification of disturbance events using disturbance chronologies has become a valuable tool in reconstructing disturbance history in temperate forests worldwide; yet detailed reconstructions of disturbance history and their effect on the structure and dynamics of the old-growth Nothofagus forests in the southern Patagonia are scarce. We reconstructed forest dynamics and disturbance history of an old-growth N. pumilio forest in the Toro River Valley, Santa Cruz, Argentina using dendroecological techniques. Since a variation in the disturbance regimes was expected with changing elevation, we sampled at different elevations. We found distinct differences in forest structure, dynamics, and disturbance history with changes in the elevation. The disturbance chronologies provided robust evidence that forests in the study area have been subjected to multiple disturbance events over the last 200 years. Yet, recognizing the agent of disturbance could be difficult in these montane forests and further studies are required. Moreover, disturbances might have varied from frequent, moderate- to high-severity events to less frequent and more severe events. This study represents the first of its kind for the temperate forests of Patagonia. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Forest Stand Dynamics and Its Applications)
Open AccessArticle
Dynamics of Abies nephrolepis Seedlings in Relation to Environmental Factors in Seorak Mountain, South Korea
Forests 2019, 10(8), 702; https://doi.org/10.3390/f10080702 - 19 Aug 2019
Abstract
We present novel evidence of environmental drivers of seedling density in Abies nephrolepis, an alpine and subalpine tree species. Continuous monitoring of natural conditions is required to understand forest ecosystem dynamics. We investigated Abies nephrolepis seedling dynamics in relation to biotic and [...] Read more.
We present novel evidence of environmental drivers of seedling density in Abies nephrolepis, an alpine and subalpine tree species. Continuous monitoring of natural conditions is required to understand forest ecosystem dynamics. We investigated Abies nephrolepis seedling dynamics in relation to biotic and abiotic factors. The survey, which included the measurement of trees and seedlings, was carried out from March to October in 2016 and 2018. Monitoring sites in the coniferous forests of Seorak Mountain were divided into 27 quadrats. We analyzed relationships using simple and multiple linear regression. The majority of Abies nephrolepis individuals had a diameter at breast height less than l0 cm, and the number of seedlings increased over the study period. This reflects survival and growth due to successive annual mast seeding events. Aspect direction (R2 = 0.201, p < 0.05), rock exposure (R2 = 0.364, p < 0.001), canopy openness (R2 = 0.322, p < 0.05), herbaceous cover (R2 = 0.268, p < 0.01), and basal area (R2 = 0.199, p < 0.05) show significant linear relationships with seedling density. Seedling density was positively related to rock exposure, canopy openness, and species richness, and there was a negative relationship between herbaceous cover and basal area (p < 0.0001). The relative importance of predictor variables was as follows: Rock exposure (40.3%), canopy openness (30.2%), basal area (13.9%), herbaceous cover (11.5%), and species richness (4.1%). Seedling density was most strongly influenced by the presence of large rocks, which provide shelter from harsh winds and a substrate for moss. We conclude that appropriate canopy openness creates a synergistic relationship. We found a positive association between the Abies nephrolepis seedling density in subalpine forests and certain physical environmental factors. Therefore, environmental gradients about the roles of rocks and canopies apply, even in this habitat. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Forest Stand Dynamics and Its Applications)
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