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200 Years Anniversary of “Sadi Carnot, Réflexions Sur La Puissance Motrice Du Feu”; Bachelier: Paris, France, 1824

A special issue of Entropy (ISSN 1099-4300). This special issue belongs to the section "Thermodynamics".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 December 2024 | Viewed by 1613

Special Issue Editors

Institute of Physical Chemistry and Electrochemistry, Leibniz University Hannover, Callinstr. 3A, 30167 Hannover, Germany
Interests: thermo-iono-electronic materials; oxygen transport membranes; hydrogen transport membranes; triple conductors; nature of entropy; metrology of entropy; nonequilibrium thermodynamics; thermodynamics of small systems; thermoelectricity; thermocells; thermodiffusion; energy harvesting
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals
CNRS, UMR 8236-LIED, Université Paris Cité, 75013 Paris, France
Interests: out-of-equilibrium thermodynamics; solid-state physics; thermoelectricity; living systems; thermodynamics optimization; network thermodynamics; ecological economics
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals
Department of Chemistry, Aix-Marseille University, 13013 Marseille, France
Interests: thermoelectricity; bonding in materials; structure–properties relationships
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals
Faculty of Sciences, Aix Marseille Univ, CNRS, IM2NP, F-13013 Marseille, France
Interests: materials for energy; thermoelectrics; structure-properties relationships; density funstional theory calculations; quantum theory in atoms and molecules; phase stability; phase equilibria; chalcogenides
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals
Dr. Eric Herbert
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
LIED laboratory, Université Paris Cité, 75013 Paris, France
Interests: power production in living systems, branching and growing network
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Dr. Gaël Giraud
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique McCourt School of Public Policy, Georgetown University, Washington, DC 20057, USA
Interests: economic
Dr. Mathieu Arnoux
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales, Université Paris Cité, Paris, France
Interests: preindustrial technology and economics; non sustainable economical systems; energy technological systems

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

The 1824 book by Sadi Carnot was no less than the cradle of thermodynamics. It has influenced different disciplines, including physics, chemistry, biology, geology, engineering and materials science. Thermodynamics provides the framework for a generalized dynamics covering all kind of energy conversion in the living and non-living world, including metabolic pathways, chemical reactions, thermoelectricity and Hamiltonian mechanics. In harmonized appearance, all balance equations for extensive quantities (e.g. mass, momentum, angular momentum, entropy, electric charge, chemical substance, energy) follow the same format and reflect the uniformity in the basic principles. Thermodynamics covers both equilibrium and non-equilibrium systems. It is compatible with relativistic theory and field theories and, when complemented by statistical concepts, it comprises phenomena that traditionally fall in the domain of quantum mechanics. Thermodynamics is widely viewed as one of the sound standing and far-reaching concepts in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM). Contributions addressing any of these issues are very welcome.

This Special Issue aims to be a forum for the presentation of new and improved insight into all branches of thermodynamics. Critical reflections on the historical development of the field of thermodynamics also fall within the scope of this Special Issue.

Prof. Dr. Armin Feldhoff
Prof. Dr. Christophe Goupil
Prof. Dr. Pascal Boulet
Prof. Dr. Marie-Christine Record
Dr. Eric Herbert
Dr. Gaël Giraud
Dr. Mathieu Arnoux
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Entropy is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2600 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Research

21 pages, 392 KiB  
Article
Testing the Minimum System Entropy and the Quantum of Entropy
Entropy 2023, 25(11), 1511; https://doi.org/10.3390/e25111511 - 03 Nov 2023
Viewed by 1014
Abstract
Experimental and theoretical results about entropy limits for macroscopic and single-particle systems are reviewed. All experiments confirm the minimum system entropy Skln2. We clarify in which cases it is possible to speak about a minimum system entropy [...] Read more.
Experimental and theoretical results about entropy limits for macroscopic and single-particle systems are reviewed. All experiments confirm the minimum system entropy Skln2. We clarify in which cases it is possible to speak about a minimum system entropykln2 and in which cases about a quantum of entropy. Conceptual tensions with the third law of thermodynamics, with the additivity of entropy, with statistical calculations, and with entropy production are resolved. Black hole entropy is surveyed. Claims for smaller system entropy values are shown to contradict the requirement of observability, which, as possibly argued for the first time here, also implies the minimum system entropy kln2. The uncertainty relations involving the Boltzmann constant and the possibility of deriving thermodynamics from the existence of minimum system entropy enable one to speak about a general principle that is valid across nature. Full article
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