Special Issue "Solar Cells and Modules: Fabrication, Characterization, and Environmental Issues"
Deadline for manuscript submissions: 20 March 2021.
Interests: solar cells; photovoltaics; renewable energy; energy storage; energy conversion; solid state electronics
At present, almost 600 GW of solar modules are installed worldwide. This power corresponds to an area of around 4000 km². The installed area is increasing daily by about three soccer fields, a number which, in terms of the total power and area, increases exponentially. The production cost of photovoltaic electricity ranges around a few ct/kWh and is lower than the cost of electricity from coal or nuclear power plants. Thus, the road to an environmentally friendly supply with electricity has been paved. Nevertheless, this success is accompanied by dynamic growth and creates certain problems. For example, some of the cell and module technologies contain toxic materials, such as lead and cadmium. These materials could leach out of the modules. Additionally, some modules degrade in electrical power. This Special Issue of Energies calls for papers in the following fields:
- Stability and degradation of solar modules;
- Reduction of material consumption (glass, Pb, Ag, Si, etc.);
- Potential induced degradation;
- Toxic materials and leaching experiments;
- Recycling and waste management of photovoltaic modules;
- Lowering of electricity cost;
- Novel methods for the characterization of large area photovoltaic fields;
- Energy yield improvements by bifaciality, temperature management, etc.
Prof. Dr. Jürgen Heinz Werner
Manuscript Submission Information
Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.
Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Energies is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.
Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2000 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.
- solar modules
- toxic materials
- measurement techniques
The below list represents only planned manuscripts. Some of these manuscripts have not been received by the Editorial Office yet. Papers submitted to MDPI journals are subject to peer-review.
Title: Clarification of the Chemical-Photovoltaic Mechanism and the Effect of TiO2 Catalysts on Large Stretchable and Compressible Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells (DSSC) Made with Rubber by Utilizing Magnetic Compound Fluid (MCF)
Authors: Kunio Shimada
Affiliation: Fukushima University, Japan
Abstract: Rubber involving magnetic compound fluid (MCF) and TiO2 is effective in dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) to create large efficacy. Wearable and portable solar cells made of MCF rubber are the most desirable as soft materials in robots or flexible devices, and are further desirable because they have self-generated power and power supply with sensing. Therefore, we investigated the effect of TiO2 catalysts on the photovoltaic effect of MCF rubber DSSCs under large tension and compression. The characteristics of the built-in electricity and photoelectricity were clarified experimentally. The experimental results were explained by a chemical-photovoltaic mechanism involving the behavior of dye, electrolytes, water, rubber molecules, and catalytic effect of the metal component of the MCF on Ni, Fe3O4 as well as TiO2. Once we are able to produce solar cells that have large tension and compression, the present experimental results and the model of the chemical-photovoltaic mechanism will be of great interest.
Title: Review of state of the art recycling methods for dye sensitized solar cells
Authors: Fabian Schoden
Affiliation: University of Applied Sciences of Bielefeld, Germany
Abstract: One of the great challenges of our time is climate change. To face it and reduce CO2 emissions renewable energies play an important role. The expansion of green technology however has a downside as well. Huge amounts of material is needed and in case of wind turbines or photovoltaic systems, concepts for deconstruction after the useful life were developed much too late or are still missing. This results in a lot of valuable material mixed with toxic compounds considered waste. By Phasing out coal and fossil fuels in favor of renewable energy sources a lot of valuable material needs to be recycled. So far dye sensitized solar cells (DSSC) only play a supporting role in phasing out fossil fuels. However recent progress in research indicates that DSSCs could be integrated in various objects, like textiles, electronics or buildings for instance. That is why; the state of the art in recycling and possible advances for a better circularity of DSSCs is reviewed in this work. This way holistic concepts for a sustainable technology could be supported.