Special Issue "Economic and Policy Challenges of the Energy Transition in CEE Countries"
Deadline for manuscript submissions: 11 October 2021.
Interests: power system economics; energy markets; energy and climate policy; energy transition; energy planning; mathematical modeling; decision support systems
With the announcement of the European Green Deal, which defines a set of policy initiatives aimed at achieving a 50–55% reduction in carbon emissions by 2030 and making Europe climate neutral in 2050, the challenge of energy transition becomes even more critical. The transformation of national energy systems towards sustainability is progressing throughout all Central and Eastern European (CEE) countries, yet the goals and results are different. Most Member States have made substantial progress towards meeting their long-term commitments of emissions reductions. However, some block members have struggled to meet their obligations. The effective energy transition requires the introduction of appropriately designed policy instruments and of robust economic analyses that ensure the best possible outcomes at the lowest costs for society. In this context, this Special Issue aims to bring into the discussion the challenges that CEE countries have to face and overcome while undergoing energy transition.
Contributions on the following topics, among others, are invited:
- Energy transition;
- Economics of energy systems;
- Climate and energy policy instruments;
- Power generation system transition;
- Intelligent power and district heating networks;
- Demand-side management and energy storage;
- Integration of energy markets;
- Energy efficiency;
- Renewable energy;
- Low- and zero-emission transport;
- Smart grids.
Prof. Dr. Jacek Kamiński
Manuscript Submission Information
Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.
Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Energies is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.
Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2000 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.
- Central and Eastern European (CEE) countries
- Energy transition
- Energy policy
- Energy economics
- Energy markets
- Policy instruments
- Power generation systems
- Intelligent networks
- Demand side
- Energy storage
- Energy efficiency
- Renewable energy
- Low- and zero-emission transport
- Smart grids
- Energy security.
The below list represents only planned manuscripts. Some of these manuscripts have not been received by the Editorial Office yet. Papers submitted to MDPI journals are subject to peer-review.
Title: Market for limestone sorbents for flue gas desulphurization in coal fired power plants in the context of the transformation of the Polish power sector
Authors: Jarosław Szlugaj; Krzysztof Galos
Affiliation: Mineral and Energy Economy Research Institute, Polish Academy of Sciences, Kraków, Poland
Abstract: Since the beginning of the 1990s, a large number of flue gas desulphurization (FGD) installations has been constructed in the Polish coal-fired power industry. Thanks to that, domestic SO2 emission was reduced fourfold, recently amounting to less than 0.6 million tpy, while SO2 capture increased to over 80%, respectively. As for FGD purposes wet limestone method has been applied in most cases, a significant increase in domestic demand for limestone sorbents has been recorded, from virtually zero in 1990 to about 3.5 million tpy today, and coal-fired power industry has become the most important customer of limestone industry in Poland. The paper analyses process of the implementation of FGD in Poland along with potential and real limestone sorbents consumption and FGD gypsum production in the Polish coal-fired power plants. It also presents the currently used and potentially to be used limestone deposits, which are or can be useful for production of limestone sorbents applied in FGD. Electric energy mix in Poland is expected to be changed radically in the coming 30 years. Share of coal-fired electricity is still very high – ca. 80% - and significance of coal-fired power plants will remain dominant for at least next decade. With further increase in the level of FGD, it will result in further moderate increase of limestone sorbents consumption, even up to 3.7 million tpy in 2030. Nevertheless, after 2030 gradual, but significant decrease of share of coal-fired electricity is expected in Poland, down to probably ca. 30% in 2050. This will result in a gradual decrease in limestone sorbent demand, to max. 1.7 million tpy around 2050. Declining FGD gypsum production will follow it, from over 4 million tpy at the moment, down to only ca. 2 million tpy in 2050.
Title: The Relationship of Food Security, Climate Change and Energy Use – the Example of Central Europe
Authors: Domicián Máté; Mohammad Fazle Rabbi; Adam Novotny; Sándor Kovács
Affiliation: University of Debrecen - Faculty of Engineering, Department of Engineering Management and Entrepreneurship, H-4028, Hungary, Debrecen, Ótemető Str. 2.
Abstract: Pursuing goals in relation to sustainable economic growth, energy use, and climate change are posing new challenges for food security. This study implements a unique exploratory approach to study the intersections of these complex phenomena in Central European countries. A Multiple Factor Analysis (MFA) reveals that whereas climate change is positively related to food affordability and accessibility, temperature rise is negatively correlated with food safety and renewable energy consumption. It seems that higher food affordability and accessibility couple with lower food quality, and climate change may play a mediating role in this relationship. However, if countries switch to more renewable energy resources all three pillars of food security could be achieved together. The study also draws attention to the role of regional inequalities, emphasizing inventive local solutions and the need for educational programs to support exploratory and interdisciplinary research on complex social and environmental issues.
Title: Development of Energy Sector Dilemmas-European Common Goals Due to Polish Way of the Energy Transition
Authors: Waldemar Kamrat
Affiliation: Power Engineering Department, Faculty of Electrical and Control Engineering, Gdansk University of Technology, 80-233 Gdansk, Poland
Abstract: The paper presents the development of energy sector dilemmas vs European energy policy due to Polish way for climate goals achievement. The problems of investing effectiveness in energy sector are very important due to development of national economy. Power engineering, generally understood as a branch of the national economy is a strategic sector for the functioning of the state. Its standard development and in particular energy investments play a major role in changing the structure of material production, ensure the rapid development of modern industry, acting as carriers of technological progress in the national economy. These investments determine the increase of technical material production apparatus, its improvement and modernization. Investments play a vital role in ensuring the rational distribution of production, and thus saving social effort, for the comprehensive development of their national economy. As a result of investment activity in the construction of energy facilities, new jobs and conditions for the implementation of the principle of full and rational employment are created. This leads to desired changes in the socio-professional patterns and the development of the national economy. Energy policy determinants in Poland are presented. The Polish energy sector possibilities of the energy transition are described.
Title: Discounting for energy transition policies – estimation of a social discount rate for Poland
Authors: Rafał Buła; Monika Foltyn-Zarychta; Krystian Pera
Affiliation: University of Economics in Katowice , Poland
Abstract: The transition of energy system in Poland requires profound alterations to meet the sustainability goals required by the European Green Deal. The transformation policy must embrace inevitably long-time perspective, more likely measured in decades, than in years, firstly - due to the fact that climate change counteractions are long-term issues, secondly – because energy generation in Poland rests heavily on coal making the transformation long and difficult task. The stretching in time of transformation impacts involves inescapable economic efficiency questions, as the policy decisions should be based on a decision criterion capable of comparing gains and losses of those actions. Such criteria could be provided by economic analysis (i.e. net present value), where outlays borne at present are opposed to future impacts. One of the crucial parameter in such evaluation is a social discount rate (SDR) (used for public policies evaluation) that allows to calculate present value of future impacts to add them up to outlays borne today, however may be decisive for the outcome due to the fact that the growing time distance makes delayed gains and losses extraordinarily sensitive to discount rate value once they are transformed to present value. However, while the importance of SDR is undeniable, polish policy-makers have very small information resource in this area. The predominant practice for public spending is the application of EU cost-benefit guides recommendations of 5%, which is a general estimate for majority of CEE countries (EC 2014). Additionally, the studies measuring SDR that include Poland among other countries are rare (i.e. Evans & Sezer 2005, Florio & Sirtori 2013, Seçilmiş Akbulut 2019), while estimations devoted exclusively to Poland are almost non-existing (Foltyn-Zarychta 2018). Therefore, we aim at estimating SDR for Poland capable to be used for long-term energy sector transition policies. We apply the social rate of time preference approach, often referred to as Ramsey equation (Ramsey 1928) that adds up utility discount rate and the product of the growth rate of per capita consumption and the elasticity of marginal utility of consumption, estimated in our study on the basis of the personal taxation method (Stern 1977).
Title: Energy Security Issues in CEE Countries
Authors: Honorata Nyga-Łukaszewska
Affiliation: Szkoła Główna Handlowa w Warszawie, Kolegium Gospodarki Światowej, Instytut Ekonomii Międzynarodowej, al. Niepodległości 162, 02-554 Warszawa, Poland
Title: The Future of the Polish Energy Mix in the Context of Social Expectations
Authors: Oliwia Mróz – Malik; Wojciech Drożdż; Marcin Kopiczko
Affiliation: Logistics and Purchases Department, Electromobility and Transport Office, ENEA Operator, Poznan, Poland
Title: An Analysis of Support Mechanisms for New CHPs: The Case of Poland
Authors: Krzysztof Zamasz; Radosław Kapłan; Przemysław Kaszyński; Piotr W. Saługa
Affiliation: AGH University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Management, Krakow, Poland
Abstract: The increasing demand for energy on a global scale, as well as the social pressure related to counteracting the effects of climate change have created favourable conditions for the transformation of energy sectors towards the possession of low-emission generation sources. This situation, however, requires investment actions in order to modernise the existing power and CHP plants and constructing new units. These issues, together with the climate and energy policy pursued by the European Union, are the main reason for the emergence of various governmental mechanisms supporting the replacement of old coal power units with highly efficient cogeneration units based on gas turbines and other units. The support may take different forms. The article discusses two examples of mechanisms available on the Polish market, i.e. (i) the capacity market and (ii) promoting electricity from high-efficiency cogeneration in the form of individual cogeneration premium. Both those mechanisms have been characterised and then compared on the example of a planned cogeneration gas unit (an open cycle gas turbine – OCGT). The purpose of the analysis was to identify the pros and cons and to identify the key parameters which determine the advantage of a given mechanism. The analysis did not bring forward an unequivocal answer as to the absolute advantage of any of the solutions, but it allowed pointing out significant problems related to their practical use.
Title: A Model-Based Analysis of Energy Transition Scenarios for the Polish Power Sector to 2050
Authors: Pablo Benalcazar; Przemysław Kaszyński; Jacek Kamiński
Affiliation: Division of Energy Economics, Mineral and Energy Economy Research Institute of the Polish Academy of Sciences, 31-261 Kraków, Poland
Abstract: The imminent retirement of a significant share of coal-fired power plants in Poland by 2035, the rising EUA prices, and the declining costs in renewable energy technologies have intensified the need for modernization plans and energy transition pathways that can lead to a low-carbon generation portfolio. In this paper, we analyze the long-term impacts of several energy transition scenarios and decarbonization plans on the electricity generation mix of Poland. We quantify the necessary investments to achieve the technical transformation outlined in the analyzed scenarios and the emission reduction potential from the rising share of electricity generated from renewable energy sources. To this end, we employ a long-term investment model based on a linear programming approach to investigate different energy strategy scenarios. Our results provide important insights and a new perspective on the effects of declining costs of renewable energy technologies and the increasing share of gas-fired power plants on the Polish power sector. In addition, we identify and discuss the key factors that will drive Poland’s energy transition.
Title: Is Biomass a Sustainable Energy Source?
Authors: Wiktoria Sobczyk; Eugeniusz Jacek Sobczyk
Affiliation: AGH University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Mining and Geoengineering, al. Mickiewicza 30, 30-059 Krakow, Poland Mineral Energy and Economy Research Institute of the Polish Academy of Sciences, J. Wybickiego 7, 31-261 Krakow, Poland
Title: Use of Blockchain Technology to Achieve Goals of the Energy Transition in Poland - A Political and Legal Perspective
Authors: Krzysztof Matan; Radosław Miśkiewicz; Katarzyna Ziółkowska
Affiliation: Silesian University of Technology, University of Warsaw
Title: The Future of the Polish Energy Mix in the Context of Social Expectations
Authors: Wojciech Drożdż; Oliwia Mróz-Malik; Marcin Kopiczko; Andrzej Rrzeczycki
Affiliation: University of Szczecin; Research Center on Management in Energy Sector, Poland
Title: Forecasting European CO2 market - challenges in trading and fundamental pricing aspects. Poland as an example of a greenhouse gases producer in Europe
Authors: Dawid Klimczak
Affiliation: Polish Electricity Association (PKEE), Poland
Title: Value Creation of Electricity Generators through Decarbonisation – Examples from Poland
Authors: Artur Galbarczyk
Affiliation: Szkoła Główna Handlowa w Warszawie
Title: Competitiveness of the Polish Hard Coal Mining Sector as a Fuel Supplier for Heat and Power Generation
Authors: Przemysław KASZYŃSKI; Aleksandra KOMOROWSKA; Marcin MALEC; Jacek KAMIŃSKI
Affiliation: Mineral and Energy Economy Research Institute of the Polish Academy of Sciences, 31-261 Kraków, Wybickiego 7A, Poland
Title: Energy consumption in CEE households in the platform economics
Authors: Malgorzata Poniatowska-Jaksch
Affiliation: Warsaw School of Economics
Title: Green energy in CEE countries: New challenges on the path to sustainable development
Authors: Teresa Pakulska
Affiliation: Warsaw School of Economics, Poland