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Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Technologies for the Realisation of a Resilient and Zero-Carbon Economy

A special issue of Energies (ISSN 1996-1073). This special issue belongs to the section "A5: Hydrogen Energy".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (20 February 2024) | Viewed by 10059

Special Issue Editors


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Guest Editor
Foundation for Research and Technology—Hellas (FORTH), Institute of Geoenergy (IG), Building M1, University Campus, 73100 Chania, Greece
Interests: hydrogen and fuel cell technologies; alternative fuels; renewable energy systems; environmental technology
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Guest Editor
National Center for Scientific Research Demokritos, Patr. Gregoriou E and 27 Neapoleos Str, 15341 Agia Paraskevi, Athens, Greece
Interests: hydrogen and fuel cell technologies; alternative fuels; materials for energy storage and environmental applications

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Following the targets set by the Paris Agreement on Climate Change (COP 21, 2015), and the recently announced EU Hydrogen Strategy (8 July 2020), a series of urgent actions should be taken by the middle of this century to minimize greenhouse gas emissions down to zero, especially in the energy and transport sectors. Renewable energy sources and alternative fuels, as well as energy production and consumption efficiency measures, can potentially achieve the required carbon reductions. In this respect, efforts to decarbonize energy systems need to be made with two main aims: improving energy efficiency and switching to zero-carbon energy carriers. The use of hydrogen as such an energy carrier will offer solutions, flexibility and services for making the transition a reality.

The purpose of this Special Issue is to address the potential of hydrogen and fuel cell technologies as powerful enablers of the energy transition, as they offer a clean, sustainable and flexible option for overcoming multiple obstacles that stand in the way of a resilient and zero-carbon economy. We invite original manuscripts presenting recent advances in this area with special reference to the following topics:

  • hydrogen production, storage and distribution;
  • hydrogen and fuel cells in the energy and transport sectors;
  • hydrogen as a feedstock in industry;
  • materials for H2 and FC systems;
  • integrated systems and technoeconomic aspects of a hydrogen economy;
  • hydrogen and fuel cell safety, regulations, codes and standards.

Dr. Emmanuel Stamatakis
Dr. Athanasios Stubos
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Energies is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2600 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • hydrogen
  • fuel cells
  • hydrogen economy
  • energy management
  • energy storage
  • alternative fuels
  • sustainable development

Published Papers (3 papers)

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27 pages, 5794 KiB  
Article
Mapping the Future of Green Hydrogen: Integrated Analysis of Poland and the EU’s Development Pathways to 2050
by Igor Tatarewicz, Sławomir Skwierz, Michał Lewarski, Robert Jeszke, Maciej Pyrka and Monika Sekuła
Energies 2023, 16(17), 6261; https://doi.org/10.3390/en16176261 - 28 Aug 2023
Cited by 3 | Viewed by 2701
Abstract
This article presents the results of a comparative scenario analysis of the “green hydrogen” development pathways in Poland and the EU in the 2050 perspective. We prepared the scenarios by linking three models: two sectoral models for the power and transport sectors, and [...] Read more.
This article presents the results of a comparative scenario analysis of the “green hydrogen” development pathways in Poland and the EU in the 2050 perspective. We prepared the scenarios by linking three models: two sectoral models for the power and transport sectors, and a Computable General Equilibrium model (d-Place). The basic precondition for the large-scale use of hydrogen, in both Poland and in European Union countries, is the pursuit of ambitious greenhouse gas reduction targets. The EU plans indicate that the main source of hydrogen will be renewable energy (RES). “Green hydrogen” is seen as one of the main methods with which to balance energy supply from intermittent RES, such as solar and wind. The questions that arise concern the amount of hydrogen required to meet the energy needs in Poland and Europe in decarbonized sectors of the economy, and to what extent can demand be covered by internal production. In the article, we estimated the potential of the production of “green hydrogen”, derived from electrolysis, for different scenarios of the development of the electricity sector in Poland and the EU. For 2050, it ranges from 76 to 206 PJ/y (Poland) and from 4449 to 5985 PJ/y (EU+). The role of hydrogen as an energy storage was also emphasized, highlighting its use in the process of stabilizing the electric power system. Hydrogen usage in the energy sector is projected to range from 67 to 76 PJ/y for Poland and from 1066 to 1601 PJ/y for EU+ by 2050. Depending on the scenario, this implies that between 25% and 35% of green hydrogen will be used in the power sector as a long-term energy storage. Full article
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11 pages, 269 KiB  
Brief Report
Advances in Hydrogen-Powered Trains: A Brief Report
by Andile Nqodi, Thapelo C. Mosetlhe and Adedayo A. Yusuff
Energies 2023, 16(18), 6715; https://doi.org/10.3390/en16186715 - 20 Sep 2023
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 3017
Abstract
The majority of rail vehicles worldwide use diesel as a primary fuel source. Diesel engine carbon emissions harm the environment and human health. Although railway electrification can reduce emissions, it is not always the most economical option, especially on routes with low vehicle [...] Read more.
The majority of rail vehicles worldwide use diesel as a primary fuel source. Diesel engine carbon emissions harm the environment and human health. Although railway electrification can reduce emissions, it is not always the most economical option, especially on routes with low vehicle demand. As a result, interest in hydrogen-powered trains as a way to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions has steadily grown in recent years. In this paper, we discuss advancements made in hydrogen-powered freight and commuter trains, as well as the technology used in some aspects of hydrogen-powered vehicles. It was observed that hydrogen-powered trains are already in use in Europe and Asia, unlike most developing countries in Africa. Commuter trains have received most of the research and development (R&D) attention, but interest in hydrogen-powered freight trains has recently picked up momentum. Despite the availability and use of gray and blue hydrogen, green hydrogen is still the preferred fuel for decarbonizing the rail transport sector. Full article
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18 pages, 9537 KiB  
Brief Report
Establishment of Austria’s First Regional Green Hydrogen Economy: WIVA P&G HyWest
by Nikolaus Fleischhacker, Niusha Shakibi Nia, Markus Coll, Ewald Perwög, Helmut Schreiner, Andreas Burger, Emmanuel Stamatakis and Ernst Fleischhacker
Energies 2023, 16(9), 3619; https://doi.org/10.3390/en16093619 - 22 Apr 2023
Viewed by 2791
Abstract
The regional parliament of Tyrol in Austria adopted the climate, energy, and resources strategy “Tyrol 2050 energy autonomous” in 2014 with the aim to become climate neutral and energy autonomous. “Use of own resources before others do, or have to do” is the [...] Read more.
The regional parliament of Tyrol in Austria adopted the climate, energy, and resources strategy “Tyrol 2050 energy autonomous” in 2014 with the aim to become climate neutral and energy autonomous. “Use of own resources before others do, or have to do” is the main principle within this long-term strategic approach, in which the “power on demand” process is a main building block and the “power-to-hydrogen” process covers the intrinsic lack of a long-term, large-scale storage of electricity. Within this long-term strategy, the national research and development (R&D) flagship project WIVA P&G HyWest (ongoing since 2018) aims at the establishment of the first sustainable, business-case-driven, regional, green hydrogen economy in central Europe. This project is mainly based on the logistic principle and is a result of synergies between three ongoing complementary implementation projects. Among these three projects, to date, the industrial research within “MPREIS Hydrogen” resulted in the first green hydrogen economy. One hydrogen truck is operational as of January 2023 in the region of Tyrol for food distribution and related monitoring studies have been initiated. To fulfil the logistic principle as the main outcome, another two complementary projects are currently being further implemented. Full article
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