Special Issue "Directions and Mechanisms to Support the Development and Popularization of Renewable Energy Sources"

A special issue of Energies (ISSN 1996-1073). This special issue belongs to the section "Energy Economics and Policy".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 13 August 2021.

Special Issue Editors

Prof. Dr. Anna Szeląg-Sikora
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Faculty of Production and Power Engineering, University of Agriculture in Krakow, ul. Balicka 116B , 30-149 Kraków, Poland
Interests: spatial and environmental framework for RES developmentl operation and reliability of RES systems; sustainable development; economic efficiency of innovative projects, management
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Prof. Dr. Jakub Sikora
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of Bioprocess Engineering, Power Engineering and Automation, University of Agriculture in Kraków, 31-120 Kraków, Poland
Interests: optimization of the biogas production process from waste biomass mixed with agricultural biomass; the bidder’s development for fertilizer and energy purposes; biogas production from the organic fraction of municipal waste
Special Issues and Collections in MDPI journals
Dr. Zofia Gródek-Szostak
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of Economics and Enterprise Organization, Cracow University of Economics, ul. Rakowicka 27, 31-510 Krakow, Poland
Interests: education, political and legal framework for the public funding of innovative RES projects; technological cooperation; innovation partnerships; technology transfer; sustainable development; economic efficiency of innovative projects
Special Issues and Collections in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

As the Guest Editor, I kindly invite you to submit your papers to be published in a Special Edition of Energies, "Directions and Mechanisms to Support the Development and Popularization of Renewable Energy Sources".

Renewable energy systems (RES) are a pro-environmental response to meet the growing current energy demands, both global and prosumer. Renewable energy is seen as a way to reduce the consumption of conventional, fossil-based energy resources, while ensuring environmental protection. Renewable energy sources are also seen as an investment in future social development from an economic point of view.

Therefore, this Special Edition of Energies aims to support the implementation of RES by increasing the scientific and interdisciplinary knowledge of innovative supporting mechanisms for the development of RES. Currently, determining the directions and trends of the development of RES seems to be the strategic direction of research, both from the technological and developmental point of view. It is also important to observe social attitudes towards RES, as the sustainable development of natural and social environment is important in the research on RES.

We would appreciate your papers on innovative technical and technological solutions for RES, case studies as well as research of related fields that are important for the development of RES and fit into the sustainable development of the energy sector. Topics that will be included in the publication can include, for example:

  • Political and legal framework for RES;
  • Support mechanisms and instruments for RES;
  • RES markets;
  • Economic aspects of implementing RES;
  • Spatial and environmental framework for RES development;
  • Operation and reliability of RES systems;
  • Innovative, next-generation RES technologies;
  • Technical aspects of RES production;
  • Environmental impact of RES investments;
  • Integration of RES with current and future energy systems.

Prof. Dr. Anna Szeląg-Sikora
Prof. Dr. hab. inż. Jakub Sikora
Dr. Zofia Gródek-Szostak
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Energies is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2000 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • Renewable energy systems
  • Political and legal framework for RES
  • Innovative, next-generation RES technologies
  • Support mechanisms and instruments for RES
  • Environmental impact of RES investments

Published Papers (7 papers)

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Research

Article
The RES in the Countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States: Potential and Production from 2015 to 2019
Energies 2021, 14(7), 1856; https://doi.org/10.3390/en14071856 - 26 Mar 2021
Viewed by 435
Abstract
Amidst the changes and adjustments of the international energy situation, the leading trend is to shift from fossil fuels to low-carbon fuels, and ultimately, to enter the era of sustainable energy, based mainly on renewable energy. The ongoing changes in global security of [...] Read more.
Amidst the changes and adjustments of the international energy situation, the leading trend is to shift from fossil fuels to low-carbon fuels, and ultimately, to enter the era of sustainable energy, based mainly on renewable energy. The ongoing changes in global security of energy supply and the high volatility of fossil energy prices also stimulate investment in alternative energy sources, making renewable energy sources (RES) one of the rapidly growing elements in the global energy system. This article fills the research gap by analyzing the potential of using renewable energy in the countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) in the years 2015–2018. The authors address the energy potential in the years 2015–2019, and energy consumption in the years 2015–2018 as the potential of RES in the CIS countries was not researched after 2014. Please note that the study covers the CIS countries, along with Georgia and Ukraine, which are no longer formal members of the Community, but have been included for cognitive and comparative purposes. Upon comparing the increase in energy production in the CIS countries to the average increase for the European Union (EU) countries, the value of this increase is observably higher than the average for the EU countries only in Ukraine. However, the average for the entire CIS is much lower than the EU average, therefore in CIS countries, the changes in the volume of RES energy production are varied. In some countries, there is a significant increase in the production of this type of energy (e.g., Ukraine, Kyrgyzstan, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Georgia). However, there are also countries in which the changes are negligible, or which noted significant drops in RES energy production (Uzbekistan, Moldova, Russia, Armenia). The findings contribute to the RES market debate and the international relations theory by comparing political factors with territorial and economic factors. Full article
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Article
Effectiveness of Instruments Supporting Inter-Organizational Cooperation in the RES Market in Europe. Case Study of Enterprise Europe Network
Energies 2020, 13(23), 6443; https://doi.org/10.3390/en13236443 - 05 Dec 2020
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 432
Abstract
In the renewable energy source (RES) market, which is highly atomized, business events play an important role in supporting inter-organizational cooperation. The aim of this paper was to examine the impact of three characteristics of the events, namely, the location of the event, [...] Read more.
In the renewable energy source (RES) market, which is highly atomized, business events play an important role in supporting inter-organizational cooperation. The aim of this paper was to examine the impact of three characteristics of the events, namely, the location of the event, type of event (brokerage event versus company mission), and type of leading partner (public versus private), on the effectiveness of the business events (expressed by the number of meetings during an event and the number of partnerships initiated as a result of these meetings). We analyzed 304 promotional events organized in the European RES market. We employed basic statistical tests to verify our hypotheses. Our findings suggest that (1) the numbers of meetings and partnerships differ depending on the event’s location (country and region of Europe), (2) the type of the event (brokerage event versus company mission) affects the numbers of meetings and partnerships (in particular, during brokerage events (BEs), significantly more meetings take place than during company meetings (CMs)), and (3) the type of an event’s leading partner (public versus private) has no impact on the numbers of meetings and partnerships. With its findings, this paper contributes to RES market development and the theory of inter-organizational relations. It presents meaningful implications and recommendations for enterprises, business networks, and event managers operating in RES markets. Full article
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Article
The Liberalization of the Internal Energy Market in the European Union: Evidence of Its Influence on Reducing Environmental Pollution
Energies 2020, 13(22), 6116; https://doi.org/10.3390/en13226116 - 22 Nov 2020
Cited by 3 | Viewed by 556
Abstract
From an empirical point of view, the liberalization of the internal energy market reduces carbon dioxide emissions, promoting a wider range of renewable energy sources. The aim of this paper is to examine the effect of the liberalization of the internal energy market [...] Read more.
From an empirical point of view, the liberalization of the internal energy market reduces carbon dioxide emissions, promoting a wider range of renewable energy sources. The aim of this paper is to examine the effect of the liberalization of the internal energy market on CO2 emissions, which was implemented in the European Union in 2011. The research data cover 27 countries of the European Union during the period 2004–2017 and was processed by estimating a two-way effects econometric model. The results suggest that the liberalization of the internal energy market is negatively related to CO2 emissions; the policy was effective in reducing CO2 emissions and, therefore, slowing down climate change. This result is significant at the level of the European Union, and in high-income countries since the year the policy was implemented, being different in the upper-middle-income countries, which begins to be effective after two years, which is due to the economic characteristics of the countries. The public policies to be implemented to reduce carbon dioxide emissions should focus on reducing the barriers imposed on foreign trade, which prevent efficient use of resources and providing financial and operating facilities to renewable energy providers in order to stimulate their production and consumption. Full article
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Article
Renewable Energy Promotion Instruments Used by Innovation Brokers in a Technology Transfer Network. Case Study of the Enterprise Europe Network
Energies 2020, 13(21), 5752; https://doi.org/10.3390/en13215752 - 03 Nov 2020
Cited by 4 | Viewed by 479
Abstract
Stable and sustainable economic development—including that of renewable energy resources (RES)—requires institutional support of an environment that would enable market operations, and support them in case they are ineffective. Innovation brokers, including structured technology transfer networks, play a key role in promoting, disseminating, [...] Read more.
Stable and sustainable economic development—including that of renewable energy resources (RES)—requires institutional support of an environment that would enable market operations, and support them in case they are ineffective. Innovation brokers, including structured technology transfer networks, play a key role in promoting, disseminating, and liaising between the parties in the RES sector. The aim of the paper is to present the structure of events used to promote RES in Europe by the Enterprise Europe Network in the years 2017–2018; to verify whether the type of promotion instrument used is significantly related to the location of the events organized; to research whether the selection of the supporting partner is determined by the organized event’s geographical location. The analysis is carried out by means of an empirical study of the network of innovation brokers, i.e., the Enterprise Europe Network. Additionally, the available data are analyzed in terms of the type of the partner supporting individual events. It has been shown that there is a significant variation in the structure of the types of events for individual regions of Europe. This could mean that the organizers’ decisions as to the type of events organized in particular regions of Europe are deliberate and in some way adjusted to the region in which they take place. Full article
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Article
Estimating Persistent and Transient Energy Efficiency in Belt and Road Countries: A Stochastic Frontier Analysis
Energies 2020, 13(15), 3837; https://doi.org/10.3390/en13153837 - 27 Jul 2020
Cited by 4 | Viewed by 632
Abstract
In this paper, we examine the energy efficiency performance of the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) countries using a newly developed panel data stochastic frontier model that allows for estimation of both persistent and transient efficiency while controlling for random country effects and [...] Read more.
In this paper, we examine the energy efficiency performance of the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) countries using a newly developed panel data stochastic frontier model that allows for estimation of both persistent and transient efficiency while controlling for random country effects and noise. By this, we contribute to the energy economic literature by providing a complete picture of the level of persistent, transient, and total energy efficiency estimates from a cross country perspective for a panel of 48 BRI countries during the period 1990–2015. Adding that there is little evidence to support energy efficiency convergence in the energy economic literature, we went further to check whether energy efficiency converges in the BRI countries. The results show that (1) persistent efficiencies are much lower than transient efficiencies, suggesting that the energy problem in the BRI countries is more of a structural issue; (2) while energy efficiency varies widely across the countries, high-income countries perform better than the lower-income countries; (3) there is evidence of efficiency convergence and it accelerates when trade increases, but decreases when the industrial sector increases. Based on these findings, we propose some policy implications. Full article
Article
Promotion of RES in a Technology Transfer Network. Case Study of the Enterprise Europe Network
Energies 2020, 13(13), 3445; https://doi.org/10.3390/en13133445 - 03 Jul 2020
Cited by 5 | Viewed by 749
Abstract
The promotion of renewable energy is a key concept in the European Union for both environmental and economic reasons. It contributes to securing the objectives set out in the Kyoto Protocol. In addition, it brings various social and economic benefits, e.g., diversification of [...] Read more.
The promotion of renewable energy is a key concept in the European Union for both environmental and economic reasons. It contributes to securing the objectives set out in the Kyoto Protocol. In addition, it brings various social and economic benefits, e.g., diversification of the energy offer, new jobs, improvement of regional and local development opportunities and building a solid national industry. The main purpose of the article is to contribute to the debate on the instruments promoting renewable energy sources (RES) by emphasizing its importance within the technology transfer network. The subject is an empirical study of an actual technology transfer network. Its international activity promotes RES among entrepreneurs. Data related to meetings as part of brokerage events (BE) and company missions (CM) were subject to statistical and visual analysis, based on the data obtained from the Enterprise Europe Network from the years 2017–2018. The presented results are the foundation for future theoretical and practical studies. One of the important aspects to be examined is the intensity of cooperation launched during CM and BE. It is related to the results of partnership agreements and the importance of increasing the knowledge flow and creating opportunities for partners to acquire foreign technologies. Full article
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Article
“Leaky Bucket” of Kazakhstan’s Power Grid: Losses and Inefficient Distribution of Electric Power
Energies 2020, 13(11), 2947; https://doi.org/10.3390/en13112947 - 08 Jun 2020
Cited by 6 | Viewed by 749
Abstract
This paper aims to determine and explain the main factors for power losses (the so-called “leaky bucket” effect) in Kazakhstan and the reasons for inefficient energy distribution within the country. Energy efficiency in Kazakhstan is much lower compared to more economically developed countries. [...] Read more.
This paper aims to determine and explain the main factors for power losses (the so-called “leaky bucket” effect) in Kazakhstan and the reasons for inefficient energy distribution within the country. Energy efficiency in Kazakhstan is much lower compared to more economically developed countries. The differences between energy efficiency in various regions of Kazakhstan are also significant. This article explores the impact of administrative monopoly tariffs on the regional energy efficiency, based on a national study conducted in Kazakhstan in 2017. The purpose of the study was to identify the administrative barriers and their impact on the sustainability of enterprise development. What hinders the distribution of energy resources among different regions is artificial barriers in the energy market and the administrative tariff monopoly for electric power. This leads to the inefficient distribution of resources throughout the country. In addition, it is difficult to leverage low distribution efficiency in the absence of a market. The authors attempt to prove that the magnitude of administrative barriers directly affects the efficiency and competitiveness of business, as well as the final prices of goods and services for the end consumer. Full article
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