Special Issue "Advanced IoT Technologies for Data Gathering in Smart Grid"

A special issue of Energies (ISSN 1996-1073). This special issue belongs to the section "Smart Grids and Microgrids".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 10 November 2021.

Special Issue Editor

Prof. Dr. Hyo-Sik Yang
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Sejong University, Seoul, Korea
Interests: wavelength-division multiplexing (WDM) all-optical networks, mobile ad-hoc networks, and smart grid, especially on IEC 61850 and communication architecture.

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

We invite submissions to a Special Issue of Energies on the subject of “Advanced IoT Technologies for Data Gathering in Smart Grid”. In recent years, communication technology has converged with electrical power networks, which has led to the new concept of a smart grid. By using digital data communication, data gathered at a specific point can be reused in many other applications, whereas legacy analog data can be delivered using copper wires to the limited applications. The traditional client-server based communication concept is not efficient in the new era of the smart grid due to the large volume of data and distributed nature of data origin. IoT communication protocols use the publish–subscribe concept of data exchange and are suitable for many-to-many communication paradigm. The IoT protocol will pave the way for the use of widespread data anywhere and make big data applications possible.

The Special Issue encourages high-quality unpubished contribution on recent advances in IoT applications for data gathering in a smart grid. Topics of interest for publication include but are not limited to: IoT protocols for data gathering; IoT protocols for monitoring; IoT protocols for big data applications; Communication architecture for data gathering; Big data applications; Sensor network in a smart grid; Micro grid data gathering; IoT data analysis for smart grid; IEC 61850 to IoT protocol mapping.

Prof. Dr. Hyo-Sik Yang
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Energies is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2000 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • IoT protocols for data gathering
  • IoT protocols for monitoring
  • IoT protocols for big data applications
  • Communication architecture for data gathering
  • Big data applications
  • Sensor network in a smart grid
  • Micro grid data gathering
  • IoT data analysis for smart grid
  • IEC 61850 to IoT protocol mapping

Published Papers (3 papers)

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Research

Article
Performance of the XMPP and the MQTT Protocols on IEC 61850-Based Micro Grid Communication Architecture
Energies 2021, 14(16), 5024; https://doi.org/10.3390/en14165024 - 16 Aug 2021
Viewed by 331
Abstract
As micro grids are gradually being deployed in many areas, communication technology is becoming important for collecting data and controlling devices in micro grids. In a micro grid, various devices are distributed and perform their respective functions. These devices exchange information with each [...] Read more.
As micro grids are gradually being deployed in many areas, communication technology is becoming important for collecting data and controlling devices in micro grids. In a micro grid, various devices are distributed and perform their respective functions. These devices exchange information with each other and transmit information to the micro grid management system. This micro grid environment is similar to the IoT environment in which information is exchanged in the presence of a large number of devices. Recent studies have tried to apply various IoT protocols as a communication protocol in the micro grid. However, the data model used in current research is limited in proprietary data mapping. Recently, IEC TC 57 published another IEC 61850 series which maps the IEC 61850 services to XMPP (eXtensible Messaging Presence Protocol), which was the first IoT protocol mapping of IEC 61850. Few research has shown that the mapping of the IEC 61850 data model to the IoT protocol and communication boundary is limited in a lab environment. We developed a micro grid test-bed with an IEC 61850 data and service model, and mapped to two IoT protocols, that is, XMPP and the MQTT (Message Queuing Telemetry Transport). By combining IoT protocol with the IEC 61850 data and service model, the proposed micro grid architecture can provide interoperability with any DMS or other power utility system. Performance analysis was conducted on the test-bed by measuring various metrics, such as the response time, packet size, and packet loss, over a public network. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advanced IoT Technologies for Data Gathering in Smart Grid)
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Article
Feeder Topology Configuration and Application Based on IEC 61850
Energies 2021, 14(14), 4230; https://doi.org/10.3390/en14144230 - 13 Jul 2021
Viewed by 378
Abstract
Distribution automation (DA) and Internet of Things (IoT) all need the topology information of power distribution network to support some applications, such as fault diagnosis, network reconfiguration and optimization. IEC 61850 is a general communication model and standard for information exchange between intelligent [...] Read more.
Distribution automation (DA) and Internet of Things (IoT) all need the topology information of power distribution network to support some applications, such as fault diagnosis, network reconfiguration and optimization. IEC 61850 is a general communication model and standard for information exchange between intelligent electronic devices (IEDs). However, it has no mechanism for feeder topology information exchange. This paper solves this problem by developing the corresponding information model. Firstly, a feeder model is established as a container of the equipment along a distribution line. Secondly, logical models, such as terminal and connection nodes, are added to describe the physical connection relationship between the electrical equipment. Taking a circuit breaker as an example, this paper introduces how to add the terminal attribute to an existing logical node (XCBR). The physical connection between the circuit breaker and other electrical equipment is described by adding the logic node LCNN. Then, a new logical node LTPN is added to describe the logical connection between the devices. A new logical node, FTPA, is added to describe the status of the topology analysis and the topology results. Based on these new logical nodes, this paper proposes the mechanism of topology information exchange between IEDs. Three IEDs and the IEEE 13-node model are used to build an experimental environment. The result verifies the effectiveness of this method. More distributed applications can be used to test the validity and interoperability of the proposed model. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advanced IoT Technologies for Data Gathering in Smart Grid)
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Article
IEC-61850-Based Communication for Integrated EV Management in Power Systems with Renewable Penetration
Energies 2021, 14(9), 2493; https://doi.org/10.3390/en14092493 - 27 Apr 2021
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 382
Abstract
As the number of EVs increases, their impact on electrical systems will be substantial. Novel management schemes are needed to manage the electrical load they require when charging. Literature is rich with different techniques to manage and control this effect on the grid [...] Read more.
As the number of EVs increases, their impact on electrical systems will be substantial. Novel management schemes are needed to manage the electrical load they require when charging. Literature is rich with different techniques to manage and control this effect on the grid by controlling and optimizing power flow. Although these solutions heavily rely on communication lines, they mostly treat communication as a black box. It is important to develop communication solutions that can integrate EVs, charging stations (CSs), and the rest of the grid in an interoperable way. A standard approach would be indispensable as there are different EV models manufactured by different companies. The IEC 61850 standard is a strong tool used for developing communication models for different smart grid components. However, it does not have the necessary models for implementing smart EV management schemes that coordinate between EVs and CSs. In this paper, these missing links are addressed through the development of corresponding models and message mapping. A hardware-in-the-loop test is performed to validate the communication models and cross-platform operation. Then, a co-simulation environment is used to perform a combined study of communication and the power system components. The developed communication model helps integrate the EVs to a centralized, coordinated voltage control scheme. These models can be used to run extensive impact studies where different domains of smart grids need to be considered simultaneously. The main contribution of this paper is the development of smartgrid communication solutions for enabling successful information exchanges. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advanced IoT Technologies for Data Gathering in Smart Grid)
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