Special Issue "Air Pollution and Plant Ecosystems"

A special issue of Climate (ISSN 2225-1154).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 30 April 2019

Special Issue Editors

Guest Editor
Dr. Evgenios Agathokleous

Hokkaido Research Center, Forestry and Forest Products Institute, Japan
Website | E-Mail
Interests: global change impacts on plant ecosystems; air pollution biomonitoring; carbon dioxide; dose responses; ecophysiology; forests; ozone; temperature; trees; hormesis; adaptive response
Guest Editor
Dr. Elisa Carrari

Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Institute for Sustainable Plant Protection, Firenze, Italy
Website | E-Mail
Interests: botany; forest ecology; forest monitoring; plant biodiversity; plant ecophysiology; plant stress; ozone
Guest Editor
Dr. Pierre Sicard

ARGANS, Sophia Antipolis, France
Website | E-Mail
Interests: air pollution and climate change impacts on forests; modelling ozone uptake by vegetation; surveys campaigns and epidemiological study (visible ozone injury); assessment of stomatal ozone flux-based critical levels for visible ozone injury; validation of satellite-derived products by specific surveys at ground-based monitoring sites; statistical and multivariate analysis (e.g., co-kriging, spatio-temporal changes)

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

This Special Issue comprises papers deal with air pollution and air pollution effects on plant ecosystems.

Along these lines, it includes papers presented at the International Conference on Ozone and Plant Ecosystems (2nd Ozone and Plants Conference), held from May 21 to May 25, 2018, in Florence, Italy, as well as excellent contributions from those who did not have the opportunity to attend the conference.

Air pollution, and especially surface ozone, continues to be a serious issue for terrestrial ecosystems and plant health. Progress has been achieved by controlling the emission of precursors in some areas of the world, but much remains to be done. The International Conference on Ozone and Plant Ecosystems allowed all experts in the interactions between ozone and plant ecosystems to meet and discuss the state-of-the-art and strategies for continuous improvements. The three man subjects of the conference were:

  1. Monitoring, modelling and assessing the risk of ozone damage to plant ecosystems
  2. How plant ecosystems respond to ozone exposure
  3. How plant ecosystems affect ozone concentration in the atmosphere

The Guest Editors invite papers that promote and advance the exciting and rapidly-changing field of Air Pollution and Plant Ecosystems. Papers which exclusively deal with any aspects of tropospheric ozone or other air pollutants (physics-chemistry) are also welcome.

Dr. Evgenios Agathokleous
Dr. Elisa Carrari
Dr. Pierre Sicard
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Climate is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 550 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • air pollution
  • ozone
  • plants
  • ecosystems
  • food security
  • modeling
  • monitoring
  • risk assessment
  • plant response
  • urban green
  • vegetation-atmosphere interactions

Published Papers (3 papers)

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Research

Open AccessArticle A New Wetness Index to Evaluate the Soil Water Availability Influence on Gross Primary Production of European Forests
Climate 2019, 7(3), 42; https://doi.org/10.3390/cli7030042
Received: 19 February 2019 / Revised: 11 March 2019 / Accepted: 14 March 2019 / Published: 19 March 2019
PDF Full-text (2466 KB)
Abstract
Rising temperature, drought and more-frequent extreme climatic events have been predicted for the next decades in many regions around the globe. In this framework, soil water availability plays a pivotal role in affecting vegetation productivity, especially in arid or semi-arid environments. However, direct [...] Read more.
Rising temperature, drought and more-frequent extreme climatic events have been predicted for the next decades in many regions around the globe. In this framework, soil water availability plays a pivotal role in affecting vegetation productivity, especially in arid or semi-arid environments. However, direct measurements of soil moisture are scarce, and modeling estimations are still subject to biases. Further investigation on the effect of soil moisture on plant productivity is required. This study aims at analyzing spatio-temporal variations of a modified temperature vegetation wetness index (mTVWI), a proxy of soil moisture, and evaluating its effect on gross primary production (GPP) in forests. The study was carried out in Europe on 19 representative tree species during the 2000–2010 time period. Results outline a north–south gradient of mTVWI with minimum values (low soil water availability) in Southern Europe and maximum values (high soil water availability) in Northeastern Europe. A low soil water availability negatively affected GPP from 20 to 80%, as a function of site location, tree species, and weather conditions. Such a wetness index improves our understanding of water stress impacts, which is crucial for predicting the response of forest carbon cycling to drought and aridity. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Air Pollution and Plant Ecosystems)
Open AccessArticle High Variation in Resource Allocation Strategies among 11 Indian Wheat (Triticum aestivum) Cultivars Growing in High Ozone Environment
Climate 2019, 7(2), 23; https://doi.org/10.3390/cli7020023
Received: 26 December 2018 / Revised: 23 January 2019 / Accepted: 23 January 2019 / Published: 28 January 2019
PDF Full-text (1350 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text | Supplementary Files
Abstract
Eleven local cultivars of wheat (Triticum aestivum) were chosen to study the effect of ambient ozone (O3) concentration in the Indo-Gangetic Plains (IGP) of India at two high-ozone experimental sites by using 300 ppm of Ethylenediurea (EDU) as a [...] Read more.
Eleven local cultivars of wheat (Triticum aestivum) were chosen to study the effect of ambient ozone (O3) concentration in the Indo-Gangetic Plains (IGP) of India at two high-ozone experimental sites by using 300 ppm of Ethylenediurea (EDU) as a chemical protectant against O3. The O3 level was more than double the critical threshold reported for wheat grain production (AOT40 8.66 ppm h). EDU-grown plants had higher grain yield, biomass, stomatal conductance and photosynthesis, less lipid peroxidation, changes in superoxide dismutase and catalase activities, changes in content of oxidized and reduced glutathione compared to non-EDU plants, thus indicating the severity of O3 induced productivity loss. Based on the yield at two different growing sites, the cultivars could be addressed in four response groups: (a) generally well-adapted cultivars (above-average yield); (b) poorly-adapted (below-average yield); (c) adapted to low-yield environment (below-average yield); and (d) sensitive cultivars (adapted to high-yield environment). EDU responses were dependent on the cultivar, the developmental phase (vegetative, flowering and harvest) and the experimental site. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Air Pollution and Plant Ecosystems)
Figures

Graphical abstract

Open AccessArticle Temporal and Spatial Ozone Distribution over Egypt
Climate 2018, 6(2), 46; https://doi.org/10.3390/cli6020046
Received: 21 May 2018 / Revised: 25 May 2018 / Accepted: 27 May 2018 / Published: 29 May 2018
Cited by 1 | PDF Full-text (5129 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
The long-term temporal trends and spatial distribution of Ozone (O3) over Egypt is presented using monthly data from both the Atmospheric Infrared Sounder (AIRS) and the model Modern-Era Retrospective analysis for Research and Applications (MERRA) datasets. The twelve-year monthly record (2005–2016) [...] Read more.
The long-term temporal trends and spatial distribution of Ozone (O3) over Egypt is presented using monthly data from both the Atmospheric Infrared Sounder (AIRS) and the model Modern-Era Retrospective analysis for Research and Applications (MERRA) datasets. The twelve-year monthly record (2005–2016) of the Total Ozone Column (TOC) has a spatial resolution of 1 × 1° from AIRS and 0.5 × 0.625° from the MERRA-2 dataset. The average monthly, seasonal and interannual time series are analyzed for their temporal trends, while the seasonal average spatial distributions are compared. It was found that MERRA-2 underestimated AIRS measurements. Both AIRS and MERRA-2 have their minimum monthly averages of TOC in February 2013. The maximum monthly average TOC from AIRS is 321.48 DU in July 2012, while that from MERRA-2 is 303.48 in April 2011. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Air Pollution and Plant Ecosystems)
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