The Influence of Exercise on Body Mass Index in Children of Different Ages

A special issue of Children (ISSN 2227-9067). This special issue belongs to the section "Global Pediatric Health".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (20 February 2024) | Viewed by 2029

Special Issue Editor


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Guest Editor
Faculty for Sport and Physical Education, University of Montenegro, 81400 Niksić, Montenegro
Interests: children's nutrition level; body mass index (BMI) as a measure of nutritional level; effects of training on BMI

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Body Mass Index (BMI) is a good measure of the nutritional status of children of different ages. In recent decades, BMI values have been increasing in children of all ages around the world. A large number of studies show that children with high BMI values generally have the same values as adults; this can pose a great health risk, as high BMI values are the cause of various diseases. It is known that exercise and training can lead to a reduction in BMI values; therefore, it is very important to conduct studies in this direction. We invite researchers to submit all papers related to this topic for consideration in this Special Issue.

Dr. Jovan Gardasevic
Guest Editor

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Keywords

  • body mass index
  • nutritional status of children
  • children and training
  • training and BMI
  • training effects

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Research

10 pages, 249 KiB  
Article
The Influence of Body Composition on Sagittal Plane Posture among Elementary School-Aged Children
by Bojan M. Jorgić, Stefan N. Đorđević, Miljan M. Hadžović, Saša Milenković, Nenad Đ. Stojiljković, Mihai Olanescu, Miruna Peris, Adrian Suciu, Danut Popa and Alin Plesa
Children 2024, 11(1), 36; https://doi.org/10.3390/children11010036 - 28 Dec 2023
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 1321
Abstract
Proper posture, characterized by the appropriate alignment of the cervical, thoracic, and lumbar segments of the spine, enables these regions to maintain their normal curvature. Body composition is recognized as one of the factors that can influence overall postural alignment of the spine. [...] Read more.
Proper posture, characterized by the appropriate alignment of the cervical, thoracic, and lumbar segments of the spine, enables these regions to maintain their normal curvature. Body composition is recognized as one of the factors that can influence overall postural alignment of the spine. The objective of this study was to determine the influence of the parameters of body composition on the prevalence of postural disorders in the sagittal plane. The cross-sectional study was conducted on 152 children of both genders (78 boys), at a mean age of 11 years ± 6 months. In order to evaluate postural disorders, the Formetric 4D System, a tool manufactured by Diers, Schlangenbad, Germany was used. Based on its output data, the following variables were obtained: hyperkyphosis, hyperlordosis, kypholordosis, flatback, and normal alignment of the body in the sagittal plane. The evaluation of body composition parameters was conducted using the InBody 770 device. To determine how body composition influences the postural status of the spinal column, a discriminant analysis was employed. The results showed that approximately 65.8% of children exhibit various types of postural disorders when assessing the alignment of the spine in the sagittal plane. The most prevalent disorder observed was hyperkyphosis, affecting 34.2% of the subjects, followed by kypholordosis at 16.4%. Moreover, the results demonstrated that body composition significantly influences body posture (p = 0.004). An increase in fat mass corresponds to a deviation from normal body posture, whereas an increase in the percentage of skeletal muscle mass and fat-free mass is associated with a reduction in postural abnormalities in the sagittal plane. Considering the results, it is clear that body composition parameters serve as more reliable predictors of the influence on body posture compared to simply calculating the body mass index. Furthermore, it can be concluded that there are consistent patterns of influence by specific body composition parameters, including fat mass, percentage of skeletal muscle, and fat-free mass, on body posture among children from various climates. These results underscore the significance of implementing strength exercises in children, particularly during periods of rapid growth and development, as a means of preventing and correcting postural disorders. Full article
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