Special Issue "Gas Sensing beyond MOX Semiconductors"

A special issue of Chemosensors (ISSN 2227-9040). This special issue belongs to the section "Materials for Chemical Sensing".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 March 2023 | Viewed by 4692

Special Issue Editors

Dr. Andrea Gaiardo
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Guest Editor
Micro-Nano Facility, Centre for Materials and Microsystems, Fondazione Bruno Kessler, Via Sommarive 18, 30123 Trento, Italy
Interests: gas sensors; nanostructured material synthesis; material characterizations; microfabrication process; thin and thick film depositions
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals
Dr. Barbara Fabbri
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Guest Editor
University of Ferrara, Department of Physics and Earth Sciences, Via G. Saragat 1/C, 44122, Ferrara, Italy
Interests: chemoresistive gas sensors; metal-oxide semiconductors; non-metal oxides; agri-food application; remote gas sensing
Prof. Dr. Vincenzo Guidi
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Guest Editor
Department of Physics and Earth Sciences, University of Ferrara, Via Saragat 1, 44122 Ferrara, Italy
Interests: gas sensors; metal-oxide chemoresistive materials; nanophased materials; two-dimensional materials
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Chemoresistive gas sensors are steadily attracting increasing attention, even though they have been investigated and commercialized since 1970. This technology is mainly based on the development and use of nanostructured Metal OXide Semiconductors (MOXS) as sensing materials, which act both as receptors and transducers in the sensing mechanism. Sensors based on MOXS highlight very interesting features, i.e., high sensitivity, low cost, small size, low-power consumption and amenability of large-scale production through microfabrication methods and easiness of integration. All these peculiarities have allowed researchers to develop devices that find their way to the market, providing solutions to many applications. Nevertheless, MOXS gas sensors showed performance weaknesses, such as low selectivity and high working temperature, which still limited their widespread employment in several utilizations.

Recently, a huge effort has been devoted by researchers to develop and investigate new advanced nanostructured semiconductors that can overcome the above-mentioned MOXS limitations.

Some of these innovative non-MOXS materials highlighted noteworthy features, such as exceptional electronic properties and great and specific chemical reactivity, which result in optimal sensing performance, including high sensitivity and selectivity, and low activation temperature (2D materials, metal organic frameworks, carbon nanotubes, polymers, etc). The aim of this Special Issue is to broaden and deepen the use and knowledge on innovative non-MOXS sensing materials.

Accordingly, this Special Issue will cover topics on gas sensing beyond MOXS. You are invited to contribute with relevant reviews and original research articles focused on:

  • Development of novel non-MOXS materials and sensing strategies
  • Investigation of sensing performance of non-MOXS nanostructure unexplored so far
  • Understanding the sensing mechanism in non-MOXS and advances in investigation techniques
  • Development of non-MOXS-based sensing platforms for specific applications

Dr. Andrea Gaiardo
Dr. Barbara Fabbri
Prof. Dr. Vincenzo Guidi
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Chemosensors is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1800 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • Non-MOXS sensing materials
  • Chemical sensors
  • 2D materials
  • Metal organic frameworks
  • Polymers for gas sensing
  • Organic-based sensing materials
  • Sensing material synthesis and characterization
  • Gas sensing performances
  • Innovative gas sensing materials
  • Gas sensing applications
  • Micro and nanofabrication processes
  • Surface functionalization
  • Semiconductor-based gas sensors
  • Gas sensing mechanism
  • Gas sensing platforms

Published Papers (4 papers)

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Research

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Article
Indium Oxide Decorated WS2 Microflakes for Selective Ammonia Sensors at Room Temperature
Chemosensors 2022, 10(10), 402; https://doi.org/10.3390/chemosensors10100402 - 08 Oct 2022
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 413
Abstract
Tungsten sulfide decorated with indium oxide nanoparticles (In2O3/WS2) was studied for a chemiresistive-type NH3 sensor at room temperature. It was found that the responses of the developed In2O3/WS2 heterostructure nanocomposite-based sensors [...] Read more.
Tungsten sulfide decorated with indium oxide nanoparticles (In2O3/WS2) was studied for a chemiresistive-type NH3 sensor at room temperature. It was found that the responses of the developed In2O3/WS2 heterostructure nanocomposite-based sensors are significantly improved to 3.81 from 1.45 for WS2. The response and recovery time of the heterostructure-based sensor was found to significantly decrease to 88 s/116 s (10 ppm) from 112 s/192 s for the WS2-based one. The sensor also exhibits excellent selectivity and signal reproducibility. In comparison to WS2 decorated with both ZnO and SnO2 in similar ways, the In2O3-decorated WS2 has overall better sensing performance in terms of sensitivity, selectivity and response/recovery speeds for NH3 from 1 ppm to 10 ppm at room temperature. The improved sensing properties of WS2 incorporating In2O3 could be attributed to the joint enhancement mechanisms of the “electronic and catalytic” sensitizations. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Gas Sensing beyond MOX Semiconductors)
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Review

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Review
Recent Advances in Gas Sensing Technology Using Non-Oxide II-VI Semiconductors CdS, CdSe, and CdTe
Chemosensors 2022, 10(11), 482; https://doi.org/10.3390/chemosensors10110482 - 15 Nov 2022
Viewed by 378
Abstract
In recent years, there has been an increasing need and demand for gas sensors to detect hazardous gases in the atmosphere, as they are indispensable for environmental monitoring. Typical hazardous gas sensors that have been widely put to practical use include conductometric gas [...] Read more.
In recent years, there has been an increasing need and demand for gas sensors to detect hazardous gases in the atmosphere, as they are indispensable for environmental monitoring. Typical hazardous gas sensors that have been widely put to practical use include conductometric gas sensors, such as semiconductor gas sensors that use the change in electrical resistance of metal oxide semiconductors, catalytic combustion gas sensors, and electrochemical gas sensors. However, there is a growing demand for gas sensors that perform better and more safely, while also being smaller, lighter, less energy-demanding, and less costly. Therefore, new gas sensor materials are being explored, as well as optical gas sensor technology that expresses gas detection not electrically but optically. Cadmium sulfide (CdS), cadmium selenide (CdSe), and cadmium telluride (CdTe) are typical group II-VI non-oxide semiconductors that have been used as, for example, electronic materials. Recently, they have attracted attention as new gas sensor materials. In this article, recent advances in conductometric and optical gas sensing technologies using CdS, CdSe, and CdTe are reviewed. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Gas Sensing beyond MOX Semiconductors)
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Review
Materials for Chemical Sensing: A Comprehensive Review on the Recent Advances and Outlook Using Ionic Liquids, Metal–Organic Frameworks (MOFs), and MOF-Based Composites
Chemosensors 2022, 10(8), 290; https://doi.org/10.3390/chemosensors10080290 - 22 Jul 2022
Viewed by 957
Abstract
The ability to measure and monitor the concentration of specific chemical and/or gaseous species (i.e., “analytes”) is the main requirement in many fields, including industrial processes, medical applications, and workplace safety management. As a consequence, several kinds of sensors have been developed in [...] Read more.
The ability to measure and monitor the concentration of specific chemical and/or gaseous species (i.e., “analytes”) is the main requirement in many fields, including industrial processes, medical applications, and workplace safety management. As a consequence, several kinds of sensors have been developed in the modern era according to some practical guidelines that regard the characteristics of the active (sensing) materials on which the sensor devices are based. These characteristics include the cost-effectiveness of the materials’ manufacturing, the sensitivity to analytes, the material stability, and the possibility of exploiting them for low-cost and portable devices. Consequently, many gas sensors employ well-defined transduction methods, the most popular being the oxidation (or reduction) of the analyte in an electrochemical reactor, optical techniques, and chemiresistive responses to gas adsorption. In recent years, many of the efforts devoted to improving these methods have been directed towards the use of certain classes of specific materials. In particular, ionic liquids have been employed as electrolytes of exceptional properties for the preparation of amperometric gas sensors, while metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) are used as highly porous and reactive materials which can be employed, in pure form or as a component of MOF-based functional composites, as active materials of chemiresistive or optical sensors. Here, we report on the most recent developments relative to the use of these classes of materials in chemical sensing. We discuss the main features of these materials and the reasons why they are considered interesting in the field of chemical sensors. Subsequently, we review some of the technological and scientific results published in the span of the last six years that we consider among the most interesting and useful ones for expanding the awareness on future trends in chemical sensing. Finally, we discuss the prospects for the use of these materials and the factors involved in their possible use for new generations of sensor devices. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Gas Sensing beyond MOX Semiconductors)
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Review
Metal-Organic-Frameworks: Low Temperature Gas Sensing and Air Quality Monitoring
Chemosensors 2021, 9(11), 316; https://doi.org/10.3390/chemosensors9110316 - 08 Nov 2021
Cited by 7 | Viewed by 1915
Abstract
As an emerging class of hybrid nanoporous materials, metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) have attracted significant attention as promising multifunctional building blocks for the development of highly sensitive and selective gas sensors due to their unique properties, such as large surface area, highly diversified structures, [...] Read more.
As an emerging class of hybrid nanoporous materials, metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) have attracted significant attention as promising multifunctional building blocks for the development of highly sensitive and selective gas sensors due to their unique properties, such as large surface area, highly diversified structures, functionalizable sites and specific adsorption affinities. Here, we provide a review of recent advances in the design and fabrication of MOF nanomaterials for the low-temperature detection of different gases for air quality and environmental monitoring applications. The impact of key structural parameters including surface morphologies, metal nodes, organic linkers and functional groups on the sensing performance of state-of-the-art sensing technologies are discussed. This review is concluded by summarising achievements and current challenges, providing a future perspective for the development of the next generation of MOF-based nanostructured materials for low-temperature detection of gas molecules in real-world environments. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Gas Sensing beyond MOX Semiconductors)
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