Special Issue "Indoor Thermal Comfort"

A special issue of Atmosphere (ISSN 2073-4433). This special issue belongs to the section "Biometeorology".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 30 November 2019.

Special Issue Editors

Guest Editor
Prof. Dr. Francesca Romana d’Ambrosio

Department of Industrial Engineering, University of Salerno, 84084 Fisciano (SA), Italy
Website | E-Mail
Interests: ergonomics of the thermal environment (thermal comfort and thermal stress assessment); occupational health; building physics; Indoor Air Quality (IAQ); historical buildings, standardization
Guest Editor
Prof. Dr. Boris Palella

Department of Industrial Engineering, University of Naples Federico II, P.le V. Tecchio 80, 80125 Naples, Italy
Website | E-Mail
Interests: thermal environment assessment (comfort and stress indices, thermoregulation models, subjective investigations, microclimatic measurements, and software); Indoor Air Quality (IAQ); historical buildings; standardization in the field of the ergonomics of the thermal environment

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

As the century begins, natural resources are under increasing pressure, threatening public health and development. As a result, the balance between man and nature has been disrupted, with climatic changes whose effects are starting to be irreversible. Due to the relationship between the quality of the indoor built environment and its energy demand, thermal comfort issues are still relevant in the disciplinary debate. This is also because the indoor environment has a potential impact on occupants' health and productivity, affecting their physical and psychological conditions.

To achieve a sustainable compromise in terms of comfort and energy requirements, several challenging questions must be answered with regard to design, technical, engineering, psychological, and physiological issues, and, finally, potential interactions with other IEQ issues.

This Special Issue invites scholars to contribute original research and review articles on innovative design, systems, and/or control domains that can enhance occupant comfort, work productivity, wellbeing in a built environment, and the integration of human factors in buildings energy performance.

Potential research topics include but are not limited to the following:

  • Demand-response and smart technologies for high-performance buildings;
  • Personalized comfort;
  • Ergonomics of the built environment and the design of flexible spaces;
  • Health, human performance, and productivity in the built environment;
  • Human factors;
  • Human physiological responses;
  • Indoor environmental parameters (thermal, visual, aural, and olfactory comfort) in the context of energy-related issues;
  • Innovative/sustainable design for human physiological benefits;
  • Modelling;
  • Occupants inter- and intra-individual differences for reducing inequalities;
  • Post-occupancy evaluation and measurement;
  • Urban microclimate and thermal comfort outdoor;
  • Virtual or augmented reality in the built environment.

Prof. Dr. Francesca Romana d’Ambrosio
Prof. Dr. Boris Palella
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Atmosphere is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1400 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.


  • thermal comfort
  • built environment
  • energy saving
  • Indoor Environmental Quality (IEQ)
  • sustainability
  • design/system optimization
  • occupant-centered approach
  • innovative building
  • data-driven approach
  • evidence-based design

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Open AccessArticle
Simulation Analysis of a Ventilation System in a Smart Broiler Chamber Based on Computational Fluid Dynamics
Atmosphere 2019, 10(6), 315; https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos10060315
Received: 3 May 2019 / Revised: 28 May 2019 / Accepted: 5 June 2019 / Published: 6 June 2019
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In this paper, a CFD (computational fluid dynamics) numerical calculation was employed to examine whether the ventilation system of the self-designed smart broiler house meets the requirements of cooling and ventilation for the welfare in poultry breeding. The broiler chamber is powered by [...] Read more.
In this paper, a CFD (computational fluid dynamics) numerical calculation was employed to examine whether the ventilation system of the self-designed smart broiler house meets the requirements of cooling and ventilation for the welfare in poultry breeding. The broiler chamber is powered by two negative pressure fans. The fans are designed with different frequencies for the ventilation system according to the specific air temperature in the broiler chamber. The simulation of ventilation in the empty chamber involved five working conditions in this research. The simulation of ventilation in the broiler chamber and the simulation of the age of air were carried out under three working conditions. According to the measured dimensions of the broiler chamber, a three-dimensional model of the broiler chamber was constructed, and then the model was simplified and meshed in ICEM CFD (integrated computer engineering and manufacturing code for computational fluid dynamics). Two models, i.e., the empty chamber mesh model and the chamber mesh model with block model, were imported in the Fluent software for calculation. In the experiment, 15 measurement points were selected to obtain the simulated and measured values of wind velocity. For the acquired data on wind velocity, the root mean square error (RMSE) was 19.1% and the maximum absolute error was 0.27 m/s, which verified the accuracy of the CFD model in simulating the ventilation system of the broiler chamber. The boundary conditions were further applied to the broiler chamber model to simulate the wind velocity and the age of air. The simulation results show that, when the temperature was between 32 and 34 °C, the average wind velocity on the plane of the corresponding broiler chamber (Y = 0.2 m) was higher than 0.8 m/s, which meets the requirement of comfortable breeding. At the lowest frequency of the fan, the oldest age of air was less than 150 s, which meets the basic requirement for broiler chamber design. An optimization idea is proposed for the age of air analysis under three working conditions to improve the structure of this smart broiler chamber. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Indoor Thermal Comfort)

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