Advances in Veterinarian Surgical, Anesthetic, and Patient Monitoring

A special issue of Animals (ISSN 2076-2615). This special issue belongs to the section "Mammals".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 30 November 2024 | Viewed by 964

Special Issue Editor


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Guest Editor
Department of Veterinary Medicine (DMV), University of Bari Aldo Moro, S.P. 62 per Casamassima Km 3, 70010 Valenzano, BA, Italy
Interests: reproductive surgery; analgesia and anesthesia in reproductive surgery of small animals; male and female genital pathologies in domestic animals and non-conventional species; veterinary andrology; non-surgical contraception; chemical sterilization methods in dog and cat
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Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Surgery and anesthesia in veterinary medicine are essential for a variety of procedures, from routine spaying and neutering to complex surgeries. The following is an overview of the process:

  1. Pre-Surgery Evaluation: The veterinary team assesses the animal's health, reviews medical history, and may perform pre-operative blood tests to ensure the patient is fit for anesthesia and surgery.
  1. Anesthesia Selection: Anesthesia protocols are tailored to the specific procedure and animal. General anesthesia is common, but local or regional anesthesia may be used for some procedures.
  1. Induction: The animal is given medication to induce unconsciousness and muscle relaxation. The veterinary team closely monitors vital signs like heart rate, blood pressure, and oxygen levels.
  1. Maintenance: Anesthesia is maintained throughout the surgery to keep the animal unconscious and pain-free. Monitoring continues to ensure stability.
  1. Surgical Procedure: The surgery is performed with precision, and the veterinary team takes precautions to minimize infection risk.
  1. Monitoring: Vital signs are continuously monitored during surgery, including ECG, blood pressure, temperature, and respiration.
  1. Recovery: After surgery, the animal is carefully monitored as it wakes up from anesthesia. Pain management is crucial during this phase.
  1. Post-Operative Care: Post-operative care includes pain management, wound care, and monitoring for any complications.
  1. Discharge: Once the animal is stable, it can be discharged with instructions for at-home care and follow-up appointments.

Veterinary anesthesiologists and trained technicians play a vital role in ensuring the safety and well-being of animals during surgery and anesthesia. Monitoring and maintaining anesthesia is critical to minimize risks and complications. Veterinary patient monitoring has changed significantly in recent years, becoming increasingly similar to human medicine. Fortunately, global veterinary medicine is undergoing specialization, so the number of operators specialized in anesthesia, ventilation, and pain therapy is increasing. Optimal anesthesia requires good patient monitoring and excellent intra- and post-operative analgesia. Patient monitoring must be continuous and follow increasingly higher standards. Analgesia during the surgical procedure is important because intraoperative pain can cause negative effects that prevent patient recovery. Effective operative pain control can be achieved with multimodal analgesia using a combination of agents with different mechanisms of action. Multimodal anesthesia includes drugs administered both systemically and regionally and is considered the most effective approach to provide pain relief. This type of anesthesia includes single or combination drugs administered at varying dosages, through varying routes, and for varying times; it is a less standardized approach but is better suited to individual patients’ needs. Furthermore, veterinary surgery has become very specialized. This has required an ever-increasing number of anesthetists. This Special Issue aims to present a collection of articles to improve the skills of operators in the surgical area and a point of reference for innovation and comparison. For this reason, this Special Issue is a good opportunity to improve various anesthesiologic aspects of our patients’ treatment. We encourage submissions in different areas, including different types of procedures: obstetric, orthopedic, oncological, etc.

Dr. Vincenzo Cicirelli
Matteo Burgio
Alice Carbonari
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Animals is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2400 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • surgery
  • anesthesia
  • analgesia
  • pain management
  • surgical procedure
  • multimodal anesthesia
  • anesthesiologic risk
  • nociceptor
  • anesthesia induction
  • premedication
  • opioid
  • patient monitoring

Published Papers (1 paper)

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6 pages, 822 KiB  
Case Report
The Successful Use of an Ultrasound-Guided Mid-Femur Sciatic Nerve Block in a Juvenile Emu (Dromaius novaehollandiae) under General Anaesthesia
by Alexandru Cosmin Tutunaru, Dimitri Alarcon Morata and Valentine Pollet
Animals 2024, 14(8), 1178; https://doi.org/10.3390/ani14081178 - 14 Apr 2024
Viewed by 679
Abstract
The current case report describes a successful ultrasound-guided mid-femur sciatic nerve block in an emu. A 2-month-old emu suffering from acute-onset lameness was referred to the University Clinic of Liège, where he was diagnosed with a lateral luxation of the Achilles tendon on [...] Read more.
The current case report describes a successful ultrasound-guided mid-femur sciatic nerve block in an emu. A 2-month-old emu suffering from acute-onset lameness was referred to the University Clinic of Liège, where he was diagnosed with a lateral luxation of the Achilles tendon on both hind limbs. Two surgical procedures were performed for treatment. Both surgical procedures were performed under general anaesthesia with butorphanol, ketamine, midazolam and isoflurane in oxygen. The anaesthesia was continuously monitored. An ultrasound-guided sciatic nerve block was performed to prevent and treat surgically induced nociception. The technique was adapted from what is already described in other species. Levobupivacaine was injected perineurally under ultrasound-guidance. Intraoperative nociception was assessed based on the heart rate and mean arterial pressure changes. The recovery was uneventful and with no clinical signs of postoperative pain. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Veterinarian Surgical, Anesthetic, and Patient Monitoring)
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