Special Issue "Sustainable Agriculture Based on Crop Ecophysiological Functioning"

A special issue of Agronomy (ISSN 2073-4395). This special issue belongs to the section "Farming Sustainability".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (20 October 2020).

Special Issue Editor

Dr. Vicente Vives-Peris
Website
Guest Editor
Department of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, Universitat Jaume I , Castellón de la Plana, 12071, Spain
Interests: plant physiology; abiotic stress;root exudates; phytohormones; plant tissue culture

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Crop production is a global problem for agriculture, and it is being exacerbated in the last decades due to climate change, being limited by the increase of the impact of abiotic stresses as drought, salinity, or extreme temperatures, as well as the rise of pest incidence. Moreover, the increase of total world population, which needs to be fed, reveals the importance of developing new biotechnological approaches to boost crop yield, guaranteeing the minimal use of resources.

Recent advances have been achieved in the last years, but some of them have only been tested in a reduced number of plant species, and the results may not be extended to other crops with agronomic interest. In addition, most of these works have been tested in laboratory conditions, with the application of individual factors instead of combined as usually occurs in field conditions.

This Special Issue will be focused on “Sustainable agriculture based on crop ecophysiological functioning”. We expect to receive original research, reviews and opinion letters regarding on related topics, as abiotic stress tolerance, crop and metabolite production, sustainable agriculture, phenotyping, or plant breeding.

Dr. Vicente Vives-Peris
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Agronomy is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1600 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

plant physiology;

sustainable agriculture;

abiotic stress;

crop production;

Published Papers (2 papers)

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Review

Open AccessReview
Revamping of Cotton Breeding Programs for Efficient Use of Genetic Resources under Changing Climate
Agronomy 2020, 10(8), 1190; https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy10081190 - 13 Aug 2020
Abstract
Empirical cotton breeding was based upon the concept of selecting single and best high-yielding progeny from the segregating populations to develop a cultivar. It helped in releasing of high yielding varieties with superior fibre quality through conventional breeding. Though the production of cotton [...] Read more.
Empirical cotton breeding was based upon the concept of selecting single and best high-yielding progeny from the segregating populations to develop a cultivar. It helped in releasing of high yielding varieties with superior fibre quality through conventional breeding. Though the production of cotton has been increased manifold in the last decades, but it has also seen enormous ebb and flow of yield uncertainties during the past several years. Therefore, the development of climatic resilient cotton ideotypes through the introduction of wild alleles and using contemporary genetic markers have become inevitable. Emerging genome engineering technologies such as CRISPR/Cas9 system can also potentially exploited to edit the disease susceptible and negative regulators of yield related genes in cotton. In the present review we concentrate on accomplishments and forthcoming of plant breeding and biotechnology to facelift the cotton breeding programs. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Agriculture Based on Crop Ecophysiological Functioning)
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Open AccessFeature PaperReview
Root Involvement in Plant Responses to Adverse Environmental Conditions
Agronomy 2020, 10(7), 942; https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy10070942 - 01 Jul 2020
Abstract
Climate change is altering the environment in which plants grow and survive. An increase in worldwide Earth surface temperatures has been already observed, together with an increase in the intensity of other abiotic stress conditions such as water deficit, high salinity, heavy metal [...] Read more.
Climate change is altering the environment in which plants grow and survive. An increase in worldwide Earth surface temperatures has been already observed, together with an increase in the intensity of other abiotic stress conditions such as water deficit, high salinity, heavy metal intoxication, etc., generating harmful conditions that destabilize agricultural systems. Stress conditions deeply affect physiological, metabolic and morphological traits of plant roots, essential organs for plant survival as they provide physical anchorage to the soil, water and nutrient uptake, mechanisms for stress avoidance, specific signals to the aerial part and to the biome in the soil, etc. However, most of the work performed until now has been mainly focused on aerial organs and tissues. In this review, we summarize the current knowledge about the effects of different abiotic stress conditions on root molecular and physiological responses. First, we revise the methods used to study these responses (omics and phenotyping techniques). Then, we will outline how environmental stress conditions trigger various signals in roots for allowing plant cells to sense and activate the adaptative responses. Later, we discuss on some of the main regulatory mechanisms controlling root adaptation to stress conditions, the interplay between hormonal regulatory pathways and the global changes on gene expression and protein homeostasis. We will present recent advances on how the root system integrates all these signals to generate different physiological responses, including changes in morphology, long distance signaling and root exudation. Finally, we will discuss the new prospects and challenges in this field. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Agriculture Based on Crop Ecophysiological Functioning)
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