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Open AccessArticle

RBS, PIXE, Ion-Microbeam and SR-FTIR Analyses of Pottery Fragments from Azerbaijan

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Dipartimento di Scienze Matematiche e Informatiche, Scienze Fisiche e Scienze della Terra, Università degli Studi di Messina, Viale Ferdinando Stagno d’Alcontres 31, 98166 S. Agata, Messina, Italy
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Dipartimento di Scienze Chimiche, Biologiche, Farmaceutiche ed Ambientali, Università degli Studi di Messina, Viale Ferdinando Stagno d’Alcontres 31, 98166 S. Agata, Messina, Italy
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Nuclear Physics Institute, ASCR, 25068 Rez, Czech Republic
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Dipartimento di Biologia, Ecologia e Scienze della Terra, Università degli Studi della Calabria, Via Pietro Bucci, 87036 Arcavacata di Rende (CS), Italy
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Elettra Sincrotrone Trieste, Strada Statale 14 km 163, 5 in AREA Science Park, 34149 Basovizza, Trieste, Italy
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YOuth in COnservation of CUltural Heritage, YOCOCU, 00175 Rome, Italy
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MIRAS Social Organization in Support of Studying of Cultural Heritage, AZ 1001 Baku, Azerbaijan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Heritage 2019, 2(3), 1852-1873; https://doi.org/10.3390/heritage2030113
Received: 6 June 2019 / Revised: 1 July 2019 / Accepted: 8 July 2019 / Published: 10 July 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Cultural Heritage)
The present work is aimed at the investigation of the ceramic bulk and pigmented glazed surfaces of ancient potteries dating back to XIX century A.D. and coming from the charming archeological site located in the Medieval Agsu town (Azerbaijan), a geographic area of special interest due to the ancient commercial routes between China, Asia Minor, and Europe. For the purpose of the study, complementary investigation tools have been exploited: non-destructive or micro-destructive investigation at elemental level by ion beam analysis (IBA) techniques, by using Rutherford Backscattering Spectrometry (RBS), Proton-Induced X-ray Emission (PIXE) spectroscopy and ion-microbeam analysis, and chemical characterization at microscopic level, by means of synchrotron radiation (SR) Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) microspectroscopy. The acquired information reveals useful for the identification of the provenance, the reconstruction of the firing technology, and finally, the identification of the pigment was used as a colorant of the glaze. View Full-Text
Keywords: pottery; Azerbaijan; RBS; PIXE; ion-microbeam; SR-FTIR; technology pottery; Azerbaijan; RBS; PIXE; ion-microbeam; SR-FTIR; technology
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MDPI and ACS Style

Torrisi, L.; Venuti, V.; Crupi, V.; Silipigni, L.; Cutroneo, M.; Paladini, G.; Torrisi, A.; Havránek, V.; Macková, A.; La Russa, M.F.; Birarda, G.; Vaccari, L.; Macchia, A.; Khalilli, F.; Ricca, M.; Majolino, D. RBS, PIXE, Ion-Microbeam and SR-FTIR Analyses of Pottery Fragments from Azerbaijan. Heritage 2019, 2, 1852-1873.

AMA Style

Torrisi L, Venuti V, Crupi V, Silipigni L, Cutroneo M, Paladini G, Torrisi A, Havránek V, Macková A, La Russa MF, Birarda G, Vaccari L, Macchia A, Khalilli F, Ricca M, Majolino D. RBS, PIXE, Ion-Microbeam and SR-FTIR Analyses of Pottery Fragments from Azerbaijan. Heritage. 2019; 2(3):1852-1873.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Torrisi, Lorenzo; Venuti, Valentina; Crupi, Vincenza; Silipigni, Letteria; Cutroneo, Mariapompea; Paladini, Giuseppe; Torrisi, Alfio; Havránek, Vladimír; Macková, Anna; La Russa, Mauro F.; Birarda, Giovanni; Vaccari, Lisa; Macchia, Andrea; Khalilli, Fariz; Ricca, Michela; Majolino, Domenico. 2019. "RBS, PIXE, Ion-Microbeam and SR-FTIR Analyses of Pottery Fragments from Azerbaijan" Heritage 2, no. 3: 1852-1873.

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