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Heritage 2018, 1(2), 377-391;

Introducing the HERACLES Ontology—Semantics for Cultural Heritage Management

Fraunhofer Institute of Optronics, System Technologies and Image Exploitation IOSB, 76131 Karlsruhe, Germany
Foundation for Research and Technology-Hellas FORTH, 700 13 Iraklio, Greece
ISMN, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche CNR, 00185 Rome, Italy
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 12 October 2018 / Revised: 15 November 2018 / Accepted: 16 November 2018 / Published: 22 November 2018
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Cultural Heritage (CH) (In the context of this paper, we consider cultural heritage built tangible cultural heritage, such as buildings or monuments.) is an important source of identity for humankind and needs to be conserved for future generations. Climate change (CC) will morph the environmental landscape, thus leading to climate stress imposed on CH. Experts from different domains, including, but not limited to, material scientists, conservators and managers of cultural heritage collaborate to find out how CC affects CH and how potentially harmful impacts can be mitigated. To find and understand correlations and effects of different factors, researchers collect and analyse vast amounts of data. Still, experts often cannot exchange or make efficient use of data since it often is unstructured, incompatible, or its plain existence is simply unknown. This article introduces means to achieve consent about available knowledge, to exploit synergy effects through the combination of available information and to provide a flexible multisource information platform in collaborative cultural heritage management projects. In the context of the European project HERACLES (HERACLES—HEritage Resilience Against CLimate Events on Site. Further information:, an application-ontology was developed. The ontology facilitates reuse and integration of data through structuring and representing its semantics. The involvement in the HERACLES project guaranteed end-user driven development, practical results and encompassment of all domains represented in the project. View Full-Text
Keywords: cultural heritage; climate change; ontology; knowledge base; semantics cultural heritage; climate change; ontology; knowledge base; semantics

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Hellmund, T.; Hertweck, P.; Hilbring, D.; Mossgraber, J.; Alexandrakis, G.; Pouli, P.; Siatou, A.; Padeletti, G. Introducing the HERACLES Ontology—Semantics for Cultural Heritage Management. Heritage 2018, 1, 377-391.

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