Background: Hepassocin is a liver-derived protein and its serum concentrations significantly increase in diabetes and fatty liver patients. Hepassocin is also a biomarker for diabetes and fatty liver; therefore, we aimed to investigate the impacts of different types of bariatric surgery on hepassocin plasma levels in obese patients with diabetes, and to determine if hepassocin could be a potential new marker for monitoring the effects of bariatric surgery and a treatment target. Methods: Overall, 12 patients undergoing gastric bypass (GB), 10 patients undergoing sleeve gastrectomy (SG) and 11 patients undergoing duodeno-jejunal bypass with sleeve gastrectomy (DJB-SG) were enrolled. Fasting hepassocin levels were measured at baseline, three, 12, and 24 months after surgery. Results: All the three groups significantly decreased their body mass index, waist-to-hip ratio, a body shape index (ABSI), triglycerides, fasting blood sugar, hemoglobin A1c, C-peptide levels and homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance 24 months after surgery. There were no significant changes in hepassocin levels, even 24 months after the three surgeries. Hepassocin had a significant negative relationship with the ABSI (p
< 0.001) 24 months after the SG. Conclusions: Neither GB, SG, nor DJB-SG altered plasma hepassocin levels in diabetic patients up to 24 months after surgery. The use of hepassocin in clinical settings requires more investigation.
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