Table of Contents
Fire, Volume 2, Issue 3 (September 2019)
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Cover Story (view full-size image) Here we present an index that can be used to assess, forecast, and map severe fire danger. The [...] Read more. Here we present an index that can be used to assess, forecast, and map severe fire danger. The five-class Severe Fire Danger Index (SFDI) is normalized to the local climate and is easily communicated to both firefighters and the public. SFDI is strongly associated with firefighter entrapments, where 97 of 129 (75.2%) burnover deaths over the last 40 years occurred under Very High or Severe SFDI conditions. SFDI forecast maps produced before 9 major fire events in California in 2017 and 2018 also showed that 76.2% of satellite active fire detections during the first 48 h following ignition occurred under Very High or Severe SFDI conditions. These firefighter safety and community risk case studies indicate that fire danger conditions conducive to large, destructive, and deadly wildfires could be mapped ahead of time, allowing both fire managers and vulnerable communities additional time to prepare. View this paper.