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A Novel Putter Design to Minimise Range Variability in Golf Putts

School of Engineering and Built Environment, Griffith University, Gold Coast Campus, Queensland 4222, Australia
Ping Europe Limited, Corringham Road, Gainsborough, Lincolnshire DN21 1XZ, UK
Faculty of Arts, Computing, Engineering & Sciences—Sheffield Hallam University, Sheffield S1 1WB, UK
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Presented at the 12th Conference of the International Sports Engineering Association, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia, 26–29 March 2018.
Proceedings 2018, 2(6), 242;
Published: 6 March 2018
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of ISEA 2018)
PDF [674 KB, uploaded 23 March 2018]


Putting accounts for more shots in a round of golf than any other type of play. The percentage of putts holed decreases as putt length increases, because golfers struggle to achieve a consistent range and direction. Range variation has been partly attributed to the ball striking the club face away from the central plane of the putter face. Tests have shown a 30 mm off-centre impact can reduce the roll distance of a putt by 13%. In this paper, changes in mass distribution of the putter body and the addition of a flexible striking surface are considered. Physical testing and Finite Element Analysis are used to produce a club design with more consistent roll distance. Redistribution of mass reduced the roll distance variation across the clubface. Combining this with a flexible impact surface reduced the variation between a central impact and one 20 mm from center to just 1%. The proposed design could significantly reduce distance variation; aiding golfers in holing putts. Future work will optimise the design and validate through physical prototyping.
Keywords: sports; FEA; golf; testing; equipment; COR sports; FEA; golf; testing; equipment; COR
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Emerson, N.J.; Morris, T.; Potts, J.R. A Novel Putter Design to Minimise Range Variability in Golf Putts. Proceedings 2018, 2, 242.

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