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Melioidosis in South America

Post-Graduation Program in Medical Sciences, University of Fortaleza (UNIFOR), Fortaleza CE 60811-905, Brazil
Medicine School, Ceara State University (UECE), Fortaleza CE 60714-903, Brazil
Public Health and Infection Research Group, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universidad Tecnologica de Pereira, Pereira 660003, Risaralda, Colombia
Infectious Diseases Section, Pablo Tobón Uribe Hospital, Medellín 05001000, Colombia
Pulmonology Unit, León XIII Clinic of Antioquia University, Medellín 05001000, Colombia
Research Group in Respiratory and Infectious Diseases (GIERI), Medellín 05001000, Colombia
Lao-Oxford-Mahosot Hospital-Wellcome Trust Research Unit, Microbiology Laboratory, Mahosot Hospital, Vientiane, Laos
Centre for Tropical Medicine & Global Health, University of Oxford, Oxford OX3 7FZ, UK
London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London WC1E 7HT, UK
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Trop. Med. Infect. Dis. 2018, 3(2), 60;
Received: 12 March 2018 / Revised: 23 May 2018 / Accepted: 31 May 2018 / Published: 5 June 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Global Burden and Challenges of Melioidosis)
Melioidosis is an emerging disease in the Americas. This paper reviews confirmed cases, the presence of Burkholderia pseudomallei and the organization of national surveillance policies for melioidosis in South America. Confirmed cases in humans have been reported from Ecuador, Venezuela, Colombia, Brazil, and Peru. The bacterium has been isolated from the environment in Brazil and Peru. The state of Ceará, northeastern region of Brazil, is the only place where specific public strategies and policies for melioidosis have been developed. We also discuss the urgent need for health authorities in South America to pay greater attention to this disease, which has the potential to have a high impact on public health, and the importance of developing coordinated strategies amongst countries in this region. View Full-Text
Keywords: melioidosis; Burkholderia pseudomallei; South America melioidosis; Burkholderia pseudomallei; South America
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Rolim, D.B.; Lima, R.X.R.; Ribeiro, A.K.C.; Colares, R.M.; Lima, L.D.Q.; Rodríguez-Morales, A.J.; Montúfar, F.E.; Dance, D.A.B. Melioidosis in South America. Trop. Med. Infect. Dis. 2018, 3, 60.

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