Next Article in Journal
Melioidosis in South America
Next Article in Special Issue
Argument for Inclusion of Strongyloidiasis in the Australian National Notifiable Disease List
Previous Article in Journal / Special Issue
The History of Bancroftian Lymphatic Filariasis in Australasia and Oceania: Is There a Threat of Re-Occurrence in Mainland Australia?
Article

Scabies in Resource-Poor Communities in Nasarawa State, Nigeria: Epidemiology, Clinical Features and Factors Associated with Infestation

1
Parasitology Unit, Department of Zoology, University of Ilorin, PMB 1515 Ilorin, Nigeria
2
Department of Community Health, School of Medicine, Federal University of Ceará, Fortaleza CE 60430-140, Brazil
3
College of Public Health, Medical and Veterinary Sciences, Division of Tropical Health and Medicine, James Cook University, Townsville 4811, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Trop. Med. Infect. Dis. 2018, 3(2), 59; https://doi.org/10.3390/tropicalmed3020059
Received: 24 April 2018 / Revised: 25 May 2018 / Accepted: 29 May 2018 / Published: 4 June 2018
Epidemiology and clinical features of scabies remain largely unknown in Nigeria’s rural communities. To fill this gap, we performed a cross-sectional study in three rural communities in north central Nigeria. A total of 500 individuals were included and examined for scabies infestation; a questionnaire was applied to collect socio-demographic and behavioral data. Scabies was diagnosed in 325 (65.0%) participants. Excoriations (68.6%), vesicles (61.8%), and papules (58.8%) were common skin lesions. Itching was the most common symptom (77.5%); 64% complained of sleep disturbances. Lymphadenopathy was identified in 48.3%. Lesions were most commonly encountered on the abdomen (35.5%), inguinal area (19.1%), and interdigital spaces (14.2%). Poverty-related variables, such as illiteracy (OR: 7.15; 95% CI: 3.71–13.95), low household income (7.25; 1.19–88.59), absence of a solid floor inside house (12.17; 2.83–52.34), and overcrowding (1.98; 1.08–2.81) were significantly associated with infestation. Individual behavior, such as sharing of beds/pillows (2.11; 1.42–3.14) and sharing of clothes (2.51; 1.57–3.99), was also highly significantly associated with scabies. Regular bathing habits (0.37; 0.24–0.56) and regular use of bathing soap (0.36; 0.21–0.53) were protective factors. Scabies is extremely common in the communities under study and is associated with considerable morbidity. The disease is intrinsically linked with extreme poverty. View Full-Text
Keywords: scabies; epidemiology; parasitic skin disease; cross-sectional study; Nigeria scabies; epidemiology; parasitic skin disease; cross-sectional study; Nigeria
MDPI and ACS Style

Ugbomoiko, U.S.; Oyedeji, S.A.; Babamale, O.A.; Heukelbach, J. Scabies in Resource-Poor Communities in Nasarawa State, Nigeria: Epidemiology, Clinical Features and Factors Associated with Infestation. Trop. Med. Infect. Dis. 2018, 3, 59. https://doi.org/10.3390/tropicalmed3020059

AMA Style

Ugbomoiko US, Oyedeji SA, Babamale OA, Heukelbach J. Scabies in Resource-Poor Communities in Nasarawa State, Nigeria: Epidemiology, Clinical Features and Factors Associated with Infestation. Tropical Medicine and Infectious Disease. 2018; 3(2):59. https://doi.org/10.3390/tropicalmed3020059

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ugbomoiko, Uade S., Samuel A. Oyedeji, Olarewaju A. Babamale, and Jorg Heukelbach. 2018. "Scabies in Resource-Poor Communities in Nasarawa State, Nigeria: Epidemiology, Clinical Features and Factors Associated with Infestation" Tropical Medicine and Infectious Disease 3, no. 2: 59. https://doi.org/10.3390/tropicalmed3020059

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop