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Article

Key Ergonomics Requirements and Possible Mechanical Solutions for Augmented Reality Head-Mounted Displays in Surgery

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Dipartimento di Ingegneria dell’Informazione, Università di Pisa, Via Girolamo Caruso 16, 56122 Pisa, Italy
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ENDOCAS Center for Computer Assisted Surgery, Università di Pisa, Ospedale di Cisanello, Via Paradisa 2, 56124 Pisa, Italy
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Dipartimento di Scienze Biomediche e Neuromotorie, Università di Bologna, Via Massarenti 9, 40138 Bologna, Italy
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Pilotfish Taipei, 3F-2, No. 88, Zhouzi St., Neihu District, Taipei City 114, Taiwan
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Pilotfish Netherlands BV, Looiersgracht 50, 1016 VT Amsterdam, The Netherlands
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Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Andrea Sanna
Multimodal Technol. Interact. 2022, 6(2), 15; https://doi.org/10.3390/mti6020015
Received: 10 December 2021 / Revised: 31 January 2022 / Accepted: 2 February 2022 / Published: 10 February 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Feature Papers of MTI in 2021)
In the context of a European project, we identified over 150 requirements for the development of an augmented reality (AR) head-mounted display (HMD) specifically tailored to support highly challenging manual surgical procedures. The requirements were established by surgeons from different specialties and by industrial players working in the surgical field who had strong commitments to the exploitation of this technology. Some of these requirements were specific to the project, while others can be seen as key requirements for the implementation of an efficient and reliable AR headset to be used to support manual activities in the peripersonal space. The aim of this work is to describe these ergonomic requirements that impact the mechanical design of the HMDs, the possible innovative solutions to these requirements, and how these solutions have been used to implement the AR headset in surgical navigation. We also report the results of a preliminary qualitative evaluation of the AR headset by three surgeons. View Full-Text
Keywords: mixed/augmented reality; interface design prototyping; user-centered design mixed/augmented reality; interface design prototyping; user-centered design
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MDPI and ACS Style

D’Amato, R.; Cutolo, F.; Badiali, G.; Carbone, M.; Lu, H.; Hogenbirk, H.; Ferrari, V. Key Ergonomics Requirements and Possible Mechanical Solutions for Augmented Reality Head-Mounted Displays in Surgery. Multimodal Technol. Interact. 2022, 6, 15. https://doi.org/10.3390/mti6020015

AMA Style

D’Amato R, Cutolo F, Badiali G, Carbone M, Lu H, Hogenbirk H, Ferrari V. Key Ergonomics Requirements and Possible Mechanical Solutions for Augmented Reality Head-Mounted Displays in Surgery. Multimodal Technologies and Interaction. 2022; 6(2):15. https://doi.org/10.3390/mti6020015

Chicago/Turabian Style

D’Amato, Renzo, Fabrizio Cutolo, Giovanni Badiali, Marina Carbone, Hao Lu, Harm Hogenbirk, and Vincenzo Ferrari. 2022. "Key Ergonomics Requirements and Possible Mechanical Solutions for Augmented Reality Head-Mounted Displays in Surgery" Multimodal Technologies and Interaction 6, no. 2: 15. https://doi.org/10.3390/mti6020015

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