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Review

Phenotyping Brown Rot Susceptibility in Stone Fruit: A Literature Review with Emphasis on Peach

1
Department of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences (DISAA), University of Milan, 20133 Milan, Italy
2
INRAE, GAFL, F-84143 Montfavet, France
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Harald Scherm and Douglas D. Archbold
Horticulturae 2021, 7(5), 115; https://doi.org/10.3390/horticulturae7050115
Received: 14 March 2021 / Revised: 11 May 2021 / Accepted: 12 May 2021 / Published: 17 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Feature Papers in Horticulturae Ⅱ)
Plant disease phenotyping methodologies can vary considerably among testers and often suffer from shortcomings in their procedures and applications. This has been an important challenge in resistance breeding to brown rot, one of the most severe pre-and postharvest stone fruit diseases caused by Monilinia spp. Literature about methodologies for evaluating stone fruit susceptibility to brown rot is abundant but displays significant variations across the described approaches, limiting the ability to compare results from different studies. This is despite the fact that authors largely agree on the main factors influencing brown rot development, such as Monilinia inocula, environmental conditions, cultivars, fruit stage, and management practices. The present review first discusses ways to control or at least account for major factors affecting brown rot phenotyping studies. The second section describes in detail the different steps of fruit infection assays, comparing different protocols available in the literature with the objective of highlighting best practices and further improvement of phenotyping for brown rot susceptibility. Finally, experimental results from multi-year evaluation trials are also reported, highlighting year-to-year variability and exploring correlations of evaluation outcomes among years and assay types, suggesting that choice of phenotyping methodology must be carefully considered in breeding programs. View Full-Text
Keywords: brown rot; inoculum application; Monilinia; phenotyping; phenotypic instability; stone fruit brown rot; inoculum application; Monilinia; phenotyping; phenotypic instability; stone fruit
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MDPI and ACS Style

Mustafa, M.H.; Bassi, D.; Corre, M.-N.; Lino, L.O.; Signoret, V.; Quilot-Turion, B.; Cirilli, M. Phenotyping Brown Rot Susceptibility in Stone Fruit: A Literature Review with Emphasis on Peach. Horticulturae 2021, 7, 115. https://doi.org/10.3390/horticulturae7050115

AMA Style

Mustafa MH, Bassi D, Corre M-N, Lino LO, Signoret V, Quilot-Turion B, Cirilli M. Phenotyping Brown Rot Susceptibility in Stone Fruit: A Literature Review with Emphasis on Peach. Horticulturae. 2021; 7(5):115. https://doi.org/10.3390/horticulturae7050115

Chicago/Turabian Style

Mustafa, Majid H., Daniele Bassi, Marie-Noëlle Corre, Leandro O. Lino, Véronique Signoret, Bénédicte Quilot-Turion, and Marco Cirilli. 2021. "Phenotyping Brown Rot Susceptibility in Stone Fruit: A Literature Review with Emphasis on Peach" Horticulturae 7, no. 5: 115. https://doi.org/10.3390/horticulturae7050115

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