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Article

Multigene Phylogeny and Morphology Reveal Unexpectedly High Number of New Species of Cantharellus Subgenus Parvocantharellus (Hydnaceae, Cantharellales) in China

1
State Key Laboratory of Applied Microbiology Southern China, Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Microbial Culture Collection and Application, Institute of Microbiology, Guangdong Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou 510070, China
2
Institut Systématique, Evolution, Biodiversité (ISYEB), UMR 7205, Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle, Sorbonne Université, CNRS, Case Postale 39, 12 rue Buffon, F-75005 Paris, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Vladimír Antonín and Hana Sevcikova
J. Fungi 2021, 7(11), 919; https://doi.org/10.3390/jof7110919
Received: 25 September 2021 / Revised: 24 October 2021 / Accepted: 25 October 2021 / Published: 28 October 2021
The genus Cantharellus, commonly known as chanterelles, has recently been divided into six subgenera; however, wider sampling approaches are needed to clarify the relationships within and between these groups. A phylogenetic overview of Cantharellus subgenus Parvocantharellus in China was inferred based on the large subunit nuclear ribosomal RNA gene (nrLSU), the DNA-directed RNA polymerase II subunit 2 (rpb2), and the transcription elongation factor 1-alpha (tef1). A total of nine species from China were assigned to the subgenus, including seven novel species, namely Cantharellusaurantinus, C. austrosinensis, C. galbanus, C. luteolus, C. luteovirens, C. minioalbus, and C. sinominior, and two known species, namely C. albus and C. zangii. The detailed descriptions and illustrations were provided based on the newly obtained data, with the comparisons to closely related species. C. zangii was restudied based on the paratype specimens and multiple new collections from the type locality. Futhermore, the Indian species C. sikkimensis was identified as a synonym of C. zangii based on the morphological and molecular analyses. A key to the Chinese species belonging to the subg. Parvocantharellus is also provided. View Full-Text
Keywords: chanterelles; molecular phylogeny; morphology; seven new taxa; taxonomy chanterelles; molecular phylogeny; morphology; seven new taxa; taxonomy
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zhang, M.; Wang, C.-Q.; Buyck, B.; Deng, W.-Q.; Li, T.-H. Multigene Phylogeny and Morphology Reveal Unexpectedly High Number of New Species of Cantharellus Subgenus Parvocantharellus (Hydnaceae, Cantharellales) in China. J. Fungi 2021, 7, 919. https://doi.org/10.3390/jof7110919

AMA Style

Zhang M, Wang C-Q, Buyck B, Deng W-Q, Li T-H. Multigene Phylogeny and Morphology Reveal Unexpectedly High Number of New Species of Cantharellus Subgenus Parvocantharellus (Hydnaceae, Cantharellales) in China. Journal of Fungi. 2021; 7(11):919. https://doi.org/10.3390/jof7110919

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zhang, Ming, Chao-Qun Wang, Bart Buyck, Wang-Qiu Deng, and Tai-Hui Li. 2021. "Multigene Phylogeny and Morphology Reveal Unexpectedly High Number of New Species of Cantharellus Subgenus Parvocantharellus (Hydnaceae, Cantharellales) in China" Journal of Fungi 7, no. 11: 919. https://doi.org/10.3390/jof7110919

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