Antifungal Potential of Host Defense Peptide Mimetics in a Mouse Model of Disseminated Candidiasis
AbstractInvasive candidiasis caused by Candida albicans and non-albicans Candida (NAC) present a serious disease threat. Although the echinocandins are recommended as the first line of antifungal drug class, resistance to these agents is beginning to emerge, demonstrating the need for new antifungal agents. Host defense peptides (HDP) exhibit potent antifungal activity, but as drugs they are difficult to manufacture efficiently, and they are often inactivated by serum proteins. HDP mimetics are low molecular weight non-peptide compounds that can alleviate these problems and were shown to be membrane-active against C. albicans and NAC. Here, we expand upon our previous works to describe the in vitro and in vivo activity of 11 new HDP mimetics that are active against C. albicans and NAC that are both sensitive and resistant to standard antifungal drugs. These compounds exhibit minimum inhibitory/fungicidal concentration (MIC/MFC) in the µg/mL range in the presence of serum and are inhibited by divalent cations. Rapid propidium iodide influx into the yeast cells following in vitro exposure suggested that these HDP mimetics were also membrane active. The lead compounds were able to kill C. albicans in an invasive candidiasis CD-1 mouse model with some mimetic candidates decreasing kidney burden by 3–4 logs after 24 h in a dose-dependent manner. The data encouraged further development of this new anti-fungal drug class for invasive candidiasis. View Full-Text
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Chowdhury, M.H.; Ryan, L.K.; Cherabuddi, K.; Freeman, K.B.; Weaver, D.G.; Pelletier, J.C.; Scott, R.W.; Diamond, G. Antifungal Potential of Host Defense Peptide Mimetics in a Mouse Model of Disseminated Candidiasis. J. Fungi 2018, 4, 30.
Chowdhury MH, Ryan LK, Cherabuddi K, Freeman KB, Weaver DG, Pelletier JC, Scott RW, Diamond G. Antifungal Potential of Host Defense Peptide Mimetics in a Mouse Model of Disseminated Candidiasis. Journal of Fungi. 2018; 4(1):30.Chicago/Turabian Style
Chowdhury, Mobaswar H.; Ryan, Lisa K.; Cherabuddi, Kartikeya; Freeman, Katie B.; Weaver, Damian G.; Pelletier, Jeffry C.; Scott, Richard W.; Diamond, Gill. 2018. "Antifungal Potential of Host Defense Peptide Mimetics in a Mouse Model of Disseminated Candidiasis." J. Fungi 4, no. 1: 30.
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