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Article

Virtual Group Exercises and Psychological Status among Community-Dwelling Older Adults during the COVID-19 Pandemic—A Feasibility Study

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Ageing and Age-Associated Disorders Research Group, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur 50603, Malaysia
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Department of Nursing Science, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur 50603, Malaysia
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Centre for Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur 50603, Malaysia
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Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur 50603, Malaysia
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Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur 50603, Malaysia
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Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur 50603, Malaysia
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Department of Medical Sciences, Faculty of Healthcare and Medical Sciences, Sunway University, Selangor 47500, Malaysia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Donatella Rita Petretto and Jonathan Hewitt
Geriatrics 2021, 6(1), 31; https://doi.org/10.3390/geriatrics6010031
Received: 10 February 2021 / Revised: 11 March 2021 / Accepted: 19 March 2021 / Published: 22 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue SARS-CoV-2 Infections in the Elderly)
Social isolation, magnified by the restriction of movement order during the COVID-19 pandemic, may lead to negative psychosocial health impacts among community-dwelling older adults. We, therefore, aimed to evaluate recruitment rates, data collection, and group exercises conducted through virtual technology among individuals aged 60 years and over in Malaysia. Participants were recruited from the Promoting Independence in Seniors with Arthritis (PISA) pilot cohort through social media messaging. A four-week course of virtual group exercise was offered. Anxiety and depression were assessed with the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) during the last attended follow-up of the cohort study (pre-pandemic), pre-intervention, and post-intervention. Exercise adherence was recorded using diaries with daily entries and attendance to the virtual group exercise sessions were also captured electronically daily. The outcomes of interest were changes in anxiety and depression scores from baseline to pre-intervention (pandemic-related) and post-intervention (virtual exercise related). Forty-three individuals were recruited. A significant increase in anxiety scores from baseline to pre-intervention was observed. Comparisons using repeated-measures analysis of variance between those who attendance ≥14 and <14 group exercise sessions revealed no between-within subject differences in depression scores. There was a 23% dropout rate in the post intervention survey and 60.5% of diaries were returned. Virtual group exercises could be conducted among older adults residing in a middle-income country, though recruitment would have been limited to those with internet access. View Full-Text
Keywords: older adults; physical exercise; virtual exercise; COVID-19 older adults; physical exercise; virtual exercise; COVID-19
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ibrahim, A.; Chong, M.C.; Khoo, S.; Wong, L.P.; Chung, I.; Tan, M.P. Virtual Group Exercises and Psychological Status among Community-Dwelling Older Adults during the COVID-19 Pandemic—A Feasibility Study. Geriatrics 2021, 6, 31. https://doi.org/10.3390/geriatrics6010031

AMA Style

Ibrahim A, Chong MC, Khoo S, Wong LP, Chung I, Tan MP. Virtual Group Exercises and Psychological Status among Community-Dwelling Older Adults during the COVID-19 Pandemic—A Feasibility Study. Geriatrics. 2021; 6(1):31. https://doi.org/10.3390/geriatrics6010031

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ibrahim, Amirah, Mei C. Chong, Selina Khoo, Li P. Wong, Ivy Chung, and Maw P. Tan 2021. "Virtual Group Exercises and Psychological Status among Community-Dwelling Older Adults during the COVID-19 Pandemic—A Feasibility Study" Geriatrics 6, no. 1: 31. https://doi.org/10.3390/geriatrics6010031

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