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Influence of Eccentricity on Hydrodynamic Characteristics of Nuclear Reactor Coolant Pump under Different Cavitation Conditions

National Research Center of Pumps, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang 212013, China
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Processes 2020, 8(1), 98; https://doi.org/10.3390/pr8010098
Received: 12 November 2019 / Revised: 3 January 2020 / Accepted: 7 January 2020 / Published: 10 January 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Other Topics)
In order to study the influence of eccentricity on hydrodynamic characteristics of nuclear reactor coolant pump under different cavitation conditions, five different schemes were obtained by analyzing and optimizing the existing structural schemes. Based on the RNG k-ε model (Renormalization Group with k-epsilon turbulence models) and two-fluid two-phase flow model, the unsteady numerical analysis and test verification of different designed schemes are carried out by using the flow field software ANSYS CFX. The results of research show that different eccentricities will affect the nuclear reactor coolant pump’s head under different cavitation conditions, and the corresponding head in the scheme with the eccentricity of 5mm under the fracture cavitation condition is lower than that of the other schemes. When the impeller rotates at a certain angle from the initial position under critical and severe cavitation conditions, the radial force acting on the rotor system will fluctuate greatly. Under the condition of fracture cavitation, the radial force changed periodically and the resultant force value is small. Compared to the original scheme, the peak value of radial force is 6° clockwise after eccentricity of the impeller appeared. With the aggravation of cavitation condition, the axial force value of impeller decreases, but the corresponding amplitude of the impeller increases. Under critical and severe cavitation conditions, the maximum axial force amplitude of the nuclear reactor coolant pump appears in the two times blade frequency, and in the broken cavitation condition, the maximum axial force amplitude appears at the shaft frequency. When the eccentricity is 20 mm, the axial force fluctuates most under critical and severe cavitation conditions, and when the eccentricity is 10 mm, the corresponding axial force is smaller than that of the original scheme. When the eccentricity is 5 mm, the axial force on the impeller is the smallest, but the amplitude is the largest under the condition of fracture cavitation. View Full-Text
Keywords: nuclear reactor coolant pump; eccentricity; cavitation; radial force; axial force nuclear reactor coolant pump; eccentricity; cavitation; radial force; axial force
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Zhao, Y.; Lin, B.; Wang, X.; Zhu, R.; Fu, Q. Influence of Eccentricity on Hydrodynamic Characteristics of Nuclear Reactor Coolant Pump under Different Cavitation Conditions. Processes 2020, 8, 98.

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