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Open AccessFeature PaperArticle

Acid-Base Flow Battery, Based on Reverse Electrodialysis with Bi-Polar Membranes: Stack Experiments

Institute of Chemical Process Engineering, University of Stuttgart, Boeblinger Strasse 78, D-70199 Stuttgart, Germany
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Processes 2020, 8(1), 99; https://doi.org/10.3390/pr8010099
Received: 19 November 2019 / Revised: 8 January 2020 / Accepted: 9 January 2020 / Published: 11 January 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Electrolysis Processes)
Neutralization of acid and base to produce electricity in the process of reverse electrodialysis with bipolar membranes (REDBP) presents an interesting but until now fairly overlooked flow battery concept. Previously, we presented single-cell experiments, which explain the principle and discuss the potential of this process. In this contribution, we discuss experiments with REDBP stacks at lab scale, consisting of 5 to 20 repeating cell units. They demonstrate that the single-cell results can be extrapolated to respective stacks, although additional losses have to be considered. As in other flow battery stacks, losses by shunt currents through the parallel electrolyte feed/exit lines increases with the number of connected cell units, whereas the relative importance of electrode losses decreases with increasing cell number. Experimental results are presented with 1 mole L−1 acid (HCl) and base (NaOH) for open circuit as well as for charge and discharge with up to 18 mA/cm2 current density. Measures to further increase the efficiency of this novel flow battery concept are discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: electrical energy storage; acid-base neutralization flow battery; reverse electrodialysis with bipolar membranes; stack test results electrical energy storage; acid-base neutralization flow battery; reverse electrodialysis with bipolar membranes; stack test results
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Xia, J.; Eigenberger, G.; Strathmann, H.; Nieken, U. Acid-Base Flow Battery, Based on Reverse Electrodialysis with Bi-Polar Membranes: Stack Experiments. Processes 2020, 8, 99.

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