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Article

Finite Element Simulation of Multiple Slip Effects on MHD Unsteady Maxwell Nanofluid Flow over a Permeable Stretching Sheet with Radiation and Thermo-Diffusion in the Presence of Chemical Reaction

1
Department of Applied Mathematics, School of Science, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Dongxiang Road, Chang’an District, Xi’an 710129, China
2
School of Automation, Northwestern Polytechnical University, 127 West Youyi Road, Xi’an 710072, China
3
Department of Applied Mathematics, University of Gujrat Rawalpindi Campus, Rawalpindi 46300, Pakistan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Processes 2019, 7(9), 628; https://doi.org/10.3390/pr7090628
Received: 6 August 2019 / Revised: 4 September 2019 / Accepted: 12 September 2019 / Published: 17 September 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Fluid Flow and Heat Transfer of Nanofluids)
The aim of the present study is to investigate the multiple slip effects on magnetohydrodynamic unsteady Maxwell nanofluid flow over a permeable stretching sheet with thermal radiation and thermo-diffusion in the presence of chemical reaction. The governing nonlinear partial differential equations are transformed into a system of coupled nonlinear ordinary differential equations with the aid of appropriate similarity variables, and the transformed equations are then solved numerically by using a variational finite element method. The effects of various physical parameters on the velocity, temperature, solutal concentration, and nanoparticle concentration profiles as well as on the skin friction coefficient, rate of heat transfer, and Sherwood number for solutal concentration are discussed by the aid of graphs and tables. An exact solution of flow velocity, skin friction coefficient, and Nusselt number is compared with the numerical solution obtained by FEM and also with numerical results available in the literature. A good agreement between the exact and numerical solution is observed. Also, to justify the convergence of the finite element numerical solution, the calculations are carried out by reducing the mesh size. The present investigation is relevant to high-temperature nanomaterial processing technology. View Full-Text
Keywords: MHD; finite element method; nanofluid; Maxwell fluid; thermo-diffusion; multiple slip MHD; finite element method; nanofluid; Maxwell fluid; thermo-diffusion; multiple slip
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ali, B.; Nie, Y.; Khan, S.A.; Sadiq, M.T.; Tariq, M. Finite Element Simulation of Multiple Slip Effects on MHD Unsteady Maxwell Nanofluid Flow over a Permeable Stretching Sheet with Radiation and Thermo-Diffusion in the Presence of Chemical Reaction. Processes 2019, 7, 628. https://doi.org/10.3390/pr7090628

AMA Style

Ali B, Nie Y, Khan SA, Sadiq MT, Tariq M. Finite Element Simulation of Multiple Slip Effects on MHD Unsteady Maxwell Nanofluid Flow over a Permeable Stretching Sheet with Radiation and Thermo-Diffusion in the Presence of Chemical Reaction. Processes. 2019; 7(9):628. https://doi.org/10.3390/pr7090628

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ali, Bagh, Yufeng Nie, Shahid A. Khan, Muhammad T. Sadiq, and Momina Tariq. 2019. "Finite Element Simulation of Multiple Slip Effects on MHD Unsteady Maxwell Nanofluid Flow over a Permeable Stretching Sheet with Radiation and Thermo-Diffusion in the Presence of Chemical Reaction" Processes 7, no. 9: 628. https://doi.org/10.3390/pr7090628

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