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Processes 2019, 7(3), 161; https://doi.org/10.3390/pr7030161

Evaluating the Factors that are Affecting the Implementation of Industry 4.0 Technologies in Manufacturing MSMEs, the Case of Peru

1
Department of Industrial Engineering and Management, National Kaohsiung University of Science and Technology, Kaohsiung 80778, Taiwan
2
Department of Business Administration, National Kaohsiung University of Science and Technology, Kaohsiung 80778, Taiwan
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 19 February 2019 / Revised: 6 March 2019 / Accepted: 11 March 2019 / Published: 15 March 2019
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Abstract

The micro, small, and medium enterprises (MSMEs) sector plays a very crucial role in the economic and social development of Peru. Unfortunately, the tough access to the use of technologies is one of the weaknesses of this type of enterprises, which implies a low technological intensity production, according to the new technological trends. This study analyzes the factors that are affecting the implementation of Industry 4.0 technologies in Peruvian micro, small, and medium enterprises. According to the findings from the semi-structured interviews, it has identified four factors that respond to the main question of this research—lack of advanced technology, lack of financial investment, poor management vision, and lack of skilled workers. Data from 49 enterprises from the manufacturing sector were used for the assessment. The surveys conducted on business managers were evaluated using a multi-criterion decision-making method by the analytic hierarchy process. The findings of the study generate some recommendations that could be beneficial for the sectors involved with micro, small, and medium enterprises in Peru. View Full-Text
Keywords: industry 4.0; micro, small, and medium enterprises; developing countries; analytic hierarchy process industry 4.0; micro, small, and medium enterprises; developing countries; analytic hierarchy process
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Huang, C.-J.; Talla Chicoma, E.D.; Huang, Y.-H. Evaluating the Factors that are Affecting the Implementation of Industry 4.0 Technologies in Manufacturing MSMEs, the Case of Peru. Processes 2019, 7, 161.

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