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Functional Compounds from Banana Peel Used to Decrease Oxidative Stress Effects

Department of Genetics, University of Bucharest, 36-46 Bd. M. Kogalniceanu, 5th District, 050107 Bucharest, Romania
Centre of Bioanalysis, National Institute for Biological Sciences, 296 Spl. Independentei, 060031 Bucharest, Romania
Faculty of Biotechnology, University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, 011464 Bucharest, Romania
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Bruna de Falco
Processes 2022, 10(2), 248;
Received: 21 December 2021 / Revised: 16 January 2022 / Accepted: 24 January 2022 / Published: 27 January 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Bioactive Compounds from Food Waste and By-Products)
Banana peel, a little-used waste, contains a high amount of biologically active compounds. The aim of the study is to demonstrate in vitro, the antioxidant, cytotoxic, and antimicrobial effects of hydroalcoholic extracts from yellow (BP) and red (BPR) banana peels. The analysis of the extracts by Capillary Zone Electrophoresis (CZE) has confirmed the presence of several bioactive compounds. BPR has a higher in vitro antioxidant activity than BP, which correlates with a significant cytotoxic, antimicrobial effect, with a UVA/UVB rate of 0.9. In the case of BPR, the results confirm the presence of isoquercitrin and kaempferol in a 1:3 ratio. The bioactive compounds from the extracts have shown a different interaction with HCT-8 cell lines and with tested bacterial strains with pathogenic properties. The HCA analysis proved the biological value of BPR to reduce oxidative stress and its potential use in natural products. View Full-Text
Keywords: in vitro; cytotoxicity; kaempferol; antimicrobial in vitro; cytotoxicity; kaempferol; antimicrobial
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MDPI and ACS Style

Avram, I.; Gatea, F.; Vamanu, E. Functional Compounds from Banana Peel Used to Decrease Oxidative Stress Effects. Processes 2022, 10, 248.

AMA Style

Avram I, Gatea F, Vamanu E. Functional Compounds from Banana Peel Used to Decrease Oxidative Stress Effects. Processes. 2022; 10(2):248.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Avram, Ionela, Florentina Gatea, and Emanuel Vamanu. 2022. "Functional Compounds from Banana Peel Used to Decrease Oxidative Stress Effects" Processes 10, no. 2: 248.

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