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Informatics 2018, 5(4), 43; https://doi.org/10.3390/informatics5040043

Multimodal Interaction of Contextual and Non-Contextual Sound and Haptics in Virtual Simulations

1
Software Informatics Research Centre, University of Ontario Institute of Technology, Oshawa, ON L1H 7K4, Canada
2
Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M5S 1A1, Canada
3
Department of Communication Arts, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON N2L 3G1, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 24 September 2018 / Revised: 19 November 2018 / Accepted: 20 November 2018 / Published: 26 November 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Virtual and Augmented Reality for Edutainment)
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Abstract

Touch plays a fundamental role in our daily interactions, allowing us to interact with and perceive objects and their spatial properties. Despite its importance in the real-world, touch is often ignored in virtual environments. However, accurately simulating the sense of touch is difficult, requiring the use of high-fidelity haptic devices that are cost-prohibitive. Lower fidelity consumer-level haptic devices are becoming more widespread, yet are generally limited in perceived fidelity and the range of motion (degrees of freedom) required to realistically simulate many tasks. Studies into sound and vision suggest that the presence or absence of sound can influence task performance. Here, we explore whether the presence or absence of contextually relevant sound cues influences the performance of a simple haptic drilling task. Although the results of this study do not show any statistically significant difference in task performance with general (task-irrelevant) sound, we discuss how this is a necessary step in understanding the role of sound on haptic perception. View Full-Text
Keywords: multimodal interactions; haptics; sound; virtual simulation; task performance; virtual environment multimodal interactions; haptics; sound; virtual simulation; task performance; virtual environment
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Melaisi, M.; Rojas, D.; Kapralos, B.; Uribe-Quevedo, A.; Collins, K. Multimodal Interaction of Contextual and Non-Contextual Sound and Haptics in Virtual Simulations. Informatics 2018, 5, 43.

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