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Open AccessArticle

Applications of Blockchain Technology to Logistics Management in Integrated Casinos and Entertainment

by Da-Yin Liao 1,* and Xuehong Wang 2
1
Straight & Up Intelligent Innovation Group Co., San Jose, CA 95113, USA
2
Chinese Academy of Fiscal Sciences, Ministry of Finance of the People’s Republic of China, Beijing 100142, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Informatics 2018, 5(4), 44; https://doi.org/10.3390/informatics5040044
Received: 21 September 2018 / Revised: 18 November 2018 / Accepted: 22 November 2018 / Published: 27 November 2018
The gaming industry has evolved into a multi-functional smart city that combines integrated casinos and entertainment (ICE). ICE logistics involve supply chains with various stages in geographically-distributed locations and with limited and complex storage and warehouses. Challenges are to leverage demands, traffic, and storage allocation in ICE logistics. The decentralized structure of blockchain technology allows all parties to participate in ICE logistics. Its cryptography-based, immutable nature gives the assurance of security. This research deals with the design and application of blockchains in ICE logistics. We first adopt a Concentric Value Circles (CVC) model to identify the requirements and business opportunities that use blockchain technology in ICE logistics. We develop an open, automated, and transparent platform, TransICE, which utilizes the feature of smart contracts in blockchain technology and adopts a decentralized model, Hawk, where no financial transactions are stored on the blockchain to hold privacy of transactions publicly. Two cases, (1) the Shipment Pricing and Scheduling process and (2) the Pickup, Shipping and Delivery process in TransICE, are studied to illustrate the applications and feasibility of the proposed TransICE platform and the developed smart contracts of the Hawk model. View Full-Text
Keywords: blockchain; integrated casinos and entertainment; supply chain; logistics; gaming; concentric value circles; Ethereum; Hawk; smart contracts; distributed ledgers; transparency; privacy; trustless blockchain; integrated casinos and entertainment; supply chain; logistics; gaming; concentric value circles; Ethereum; Hawk; smart contracts; distributed ledgers; transparency; privacy; trustless
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Liao, D.-Y.; Wang, X. Applications of Blockchain Technology to Logistics Management in Integrated Casinos and Entertainment. Informatics 2018, 5, 44.

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