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From Offshore Operation to Onshore Simulator: Using Visualized Ethnographic Outcomes to Work with Systems Developers

1,2,* and 3
Department of Ocean Operations and Civil Engineering, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, 6025 Ålesund, Norway
Department of Informatics, University of Oslo, 0316 Oslo, Norway
Technologies in Practices Research Group, Department of Business IT, IT University of Copenhagen, DK-2300 Copenhagen, Denmark
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Informatics 2018, 5(1), 10;
Received: 19 December 2017 / Revised: 3 February 2018 / Accepted: 6 February 2018 / Published: 9 February 2018
PDF [9256 KB, uploaded 24 February 2018]


This paper focuses on the process of translating insights from a Computer Supported Cooperative Work (CSCW)-based study, conducted on a vessel at sea, into a model that can assist systems developers working with simulators, which are used by vessel operators for training purposes on land. That is, the empirical study at sea brought about rich insights into cooperation, which is important for systems developers to know about and consider in their designs. In the paper, we establish a model that primarily consists of a ‘computational artifact’. The model is designed to support researchers working with systems developers. Drawing on marine examples, we focus on the translation process and investigate how the model serves to visualize work activities; how it addresses relations between technical and computational artifacts, as well as between functions in technical systems and functionalities in cooperative systems. In turn, we link design back to fieldwork studies. View Full-Text
Keywords: system design; computer-supported cooperative work; social computing system design; computer-supported cooperative work; social computing

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Pan, Y.; Finken, S. From Offshore Operation to Onshore Simulator: Using Visualized Ethnographic Outcomes to Work with Systems Developers. Informatics 2018, 5, 10.

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